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Flashcards in Upper Respiratory Infection Deck (14):
1

What are the 5 main types of Upper Respiratory Infections?

1-Bronchitis
2-Otitis
3-Sinusitis
4-Pharyngitis
5-Epiglottitis

2

What are the two main organisms that cause URIs?

-Rhinoviruses
-Coxsackie Virus A

3

What is different about an influenza infection?

Go from fine to really sick the same day. Typical colds progress more slowly

4

What are 3 characteristics of URIs?

1-Viral
2-Last 7-10 days (3 coming, 3 here, 3 going)
3-Labels for syndrome suggest major site of infection (but they do have a lot of overlap)

5

Mostly caused by viruses which URI presents with Sore throat?

Pharyngitis

6

What are the common bacterial causes of pharyngitis?

-Grp A strep
-Pertussis (whooping cough)
-Archanobacteria (more likely in young adults)
-Anaerobes (more important in relation to dental procedures)

7

Sudden onset, Fever, Headache, Nausea, vomiting, pharyngeal inflammation, discrete exudate, tender cervical nodes in ages 5-15 are typical of pharyngitis caused by what?

Group A Strep

*Does not have cough, congestion, conjunctivitis

8

84% of kids have at least 1 episode, 50% more than 4 of what infection mainly caused by virus?

Otitis (ear infections, ear ache 60% with no fever)

9

What three bacteria are the most common cause of bacterial Otitis?

1-Streptococcus Pneumoniae (G+)
2-Haemophilus Influenza (G-)
3-Moraxella (G-)

10

More common in adults, what infection presents with facial pain, headache, and upper teeth pain?

Sinusitis (also caused by Strep pneu. H. flu and Moraxella)

11

Caused by Haemophilis influenza which infection presents with dysphagia, drooling, and stridor (obstructive breathing)?

Epiglottitis (very dangerous in kids under 1 year old. Lateral neck x-ray used to confirm inflamed epiglotis)

12

What two tests are typically used when diagnosing URIs?

-Throat culture (90-95% sensitivity)
-Rapid test (80-90% sensitivity)

*aspirate used for complicated cases

13

What two URIs are the ones treated?

-Group A strep (penicillin)
-Epiglottitis (Ampicillin or augmentin)

*others not treated unless complicated or in immunosuppressed patient

14

Studies have showed what in regards to antibiotics for treating URIs like sinusitis and bronchitis?

No real difference