Flashcards in Upper Urinary Tract Deck (20)
What organs make up the upper urinary tract?
Kidneys and ureters
What are the roles of the kidneys?
Excretion, endocrine, metabolic
What endocrine system targets the kidney?
What is the role of the ureter?
Transport formed urine from renal pelvis to bladder
How does urine move through the ureteres?
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
What are nephrons divided into?
Glomerulus and a tubule
Where do glomeruli live?
Where is the site of ultrafiltration?
Where do tubules live?
Start in cortex, dive into medulla, return to cortex
Where is ultrafiltrate converted to urine?
What is converted to ultrafiltrate in the glomeruli?
Where does urine feed into from the tubules?
Direct damage to the kidney resulting in abrupt decline in renal functions
Acute kidney injury
When is acute kidney injury usually detected in an animal?
When uremia occurs
What is prognosis of AKI dependent on?
Etiology and management
What is chronic kidney disease subdivided into?
Tubular/tubulointerstitial diseases and glomerular diseases
What do most tubular diseases result in?
Loss of concentrating ability (azotemia)
What do most glomeruli diseases result in?
Proteinuria and eventual tubular disease