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Flashcards in Upper Urinary Tract Deck (20)
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1

What organs make up the upper urinary tract?

Kidneys and ureters

2

What are the roles of the kidneys?

Excretion, endocrine, metabolic

3

What endocrine system targets the kidney?

RAAS

4

What is the role of the ureter?

Transport formed urine from renal pelvis to bladder

5

How does urine move through the ureteres?

Peristalsis

6

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

Nephron

7

What are nephrons divided into?

Glomerulus and a tubule

8

Where do glomeruli live?

Cortex

9

Where is the site of ultrafiltration?

Glomerulus

10

Where do tubules live?

Start in cortex, dive into medulla, return to cortex

11

Where is ultrafiltrate converted to urine?

Tubules

12

What is converted to ultrafiltrate in the glomeruli?

Plasma

13

Where does urine feed into from the tubules?

Collecting duct

14

Direct damage to the kidney resulting in abrupt decline in renal functions

Acute kidney injury

15

When is acute kidney injury usually detected in an animal?

When uremia occurs

16

What is prognosis of AKI dependent on?

Etiology and management

17

What is chronic kidney disease subdivided into?

Tubular/tubulointerstitial diseases and glomerular diseases

18

What do most tubular diseases result in?

Loss of concentrating ability (azotemia)

19

What do most glomeruli diseases result in?

Proteinuria and eventual tubular disease

20

With which kidney disease onset is damage usually permanent?

Chronic