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Flashcards in urbanisation Deck (19):
1

urbanisation

increase in proportion of the population living in urban areas

2

urban growth

increase in population of a town/city

3

urban expansion

increase in size or geographical footprint of a city/town

4

key consequences of urbanisation

- urban sprawl
- housing shortage
- lack of services
- unemployment/underemployment
- transport issues

5

why is housing shortage a negative impact of urbanisation?

- decrease in living standards
- cramped living situation
- increase in slums

6

why is the lack of services a negative impact of urbanisation?

- inefficient waste disposal
- increased crime
- harder for government to manage a city

7

why is urban sprawl a negative impact of urbanisation?

- requires more infrastructure (wires,pipes,cables etc)
- wildlife habitat lost
- more commuting to CBD so more traffic
- loss of farmland (less local produce)
- impermeable surfaces mean groundwater cannot replenish groundwater aquifers

8

why are transport issues a negative impact of urbanisation?

- more people means more traffic congestion
- increased congestion means more pollution
- pollution lowers air quality and can cause illness

9

why is unemployment/underemployment a negative impact of urbanisation?

- lower living standards
- creates informal work sector
- informal workers don't pay tax

10

an example of a city unable to manage it's waste due to lack of services

Addis Ababa in Ethiopia can only manage two thirds of waste

11

pull factors of urbanisation

- prospect of better paid jobs
- access to better healthcare and education
- better quality of life

12

push factors of urbanisation

- low paid jobs in rural areas
- lack of opportunity
- agriculture problems
- natural disasters
- escaping war/conflict

13

reasons for urban growth

- rural to urban migration
- natural increase

14

what is counter urbanisation

the movement of people away from large urban areas to rural areas or smaller settlements

15

pull factors of counter urbanisation

- larger houses with more space
- better quality of life
- improved technology so people work from home
- reduced pollution

16

push factors of counter urbanisation

- escape air and noise pollution
- away from congestion
- more expensive property prices in cities

17

the model of a suburbanised village includes which five features...

- original village core
- infills
- ribbon development
- adjusts
- isolates

18

suburbanisation

people moving from inner city out to the edges

19

urban resurgence

the regeneration of urban areas which have suffered a period of decline