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Flashcards in Urbanisation And Global Population Growth Deck (12):

What do you need for a place to be sustainable?

1) technology
2) information
4) goods and services
5) capital (money)
6) people


Links between rural and urban

1) infrastructure
-rural transports foods to urban for sale
-roads linking

-crops and livestock in rural
-intensive practices (farmers markets) closer to urban

3) resources
-minning in rural
- urban consumes a lot

4) work force
-educated young people live in urban
-'escape the city life'
-seasonal influx for agriculture and tourism in rural

5) environment
-national parks in rural
-import areas for rural and urban people

6)wast management
-happens on rural hinterland
-waste generally disposed of in rural locations

7) expansion of rural functions
-rural urban fringe has many activities but residential areas usually replace this


Australias population growth

1) prior to european settlement
-300,000 to 750,000 not including aboriginals

2)after European settlement
-coastal settlements
-80 years to reach 1 million

3)gold rush
-influx of people from around world

4) agricultural expansion
-cheap land
-transport networks established to stop loss of population after gild rush

5) after federation
-stricter immigration and emigration
-the white Australia policy

6)post war growth and manufacturing
-higher birth rates, migration from war
-when the rural settlements established

7) minning expansion
-large influx of immigration and economy
-urban centers established near mine sites

8) economic restructuring
-fall in rural population due to small farms combining into big efficient farms
-less money spent on rural transport

9) emergence or regional centres
-most of the country now loves in urban centres
-improvements to infrastructure
-economic independence between urban and rural places


Economists factors of Australian population

1) larger the urban area the higher no. And type of functions associated with it

2)functions are aboe to locate where the threshold population is


Environmental factors

1) climate
- areas with good climate creates good agriculture and living conditions

2) landforms
- flatter land makes building easier

3) soil
- fertile soil influences the location of rural communities


External morphology

1) simple model
-square due to flat topography
-doesn't apply to cities

2) complex
-influenced by factors eg site and situation

-dissected into smaller parts


Internal morphology

1) CBD
-high rise (expensive land)
-high day, low night pop

2) IMZ
-lots of land use mix
-changes frequently due to invasion and succesion

3)residential zone

4) OBD

5) RUF
-urban sprawl
-urban shadow effect

6) industrial zone


Cultural influence on morphology

-most moderen urban development driven by ecoomy

-industrial sites disposed of to encourage local empoylment

-changed by what we value (land, car ect)


Accessibility and land use influencing morphology

-the closer to the centrr the higher the cost
-development will follow roads
-limited availability


Site influencing morphology

-early Australia = flat land and grid like pattern

-engineering and construction improvements=more urban sprawl


Changing characteristics of rural and urban

1) age and gender
-push and pull factors
-20-39 in urban, 50 and older urban

2) cultural characteristics
-2015= 60% of Australias pop growth was from migration, 88% settled in capital cities

3) socioeconomic
-rural communities more disadvantaged
-fifo increased rural pop


Stages of urban development

1) low income countries dominate by rural activity

2) changing economy
- shift from agriculture to industrial economy (brazil)

3) rapid urbanisation
- rapidly industrialising

4) centralisation
-growth in manufacturing out put
-export orientated economy

5) decentralisation
- service and financial industries
( Australia)

6) questionable