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Flashcards in Urbanisation And Global Population Growth Deck (12):
1

What do you need for a place to be sustainable?

1) technology
2) information
3)employment
4) goods and services
5) capital (money)
6) people

2

Links between rural and urban

1) infrastructure
-rural transports foods to urban for sale
-roads linking

2)food
-crops and livestock in rural
-intensive practices (farmers markets) closer to urban

3) resources
-minning in rural
- urban consumes a lot

4) work force
-educated young people live in urban
-'escape the city life'
-seasonal influx for agriculture and tourism in rural

5) environment
-national parks in rural
-import areas for rural and urban people

6)wast management
-happens on rural hinterland
-waste generally disposed of in rural locations

7) expansion of rural functions
-rural urban fringe has many activities but residential areas usually replace this

3

Australias population growth

1) prior to european settlement
-300,000 to 750,000 not including aboriginals

2)after European settlement
-coastal settlements
-80 years to reach 1 million

3)gold rush
-influx of people from around world

4) agricultural expansion
-cheap land
-transport networks established to stop loss of population after gild rush

5) after federation
-stricter immigration and emigration
-the white Australia policy

6)post war growth and manufacturing
-higher birth rates, migration from war
-when the rural settlements established

7) minning expansion
-large influx of immigration and economy
-urban centers established near mine sites

8) economic restructuring
-fall in rural population due to small farms combining into big efficient farms
-less money spent on rural transport

9) emergence or regional centres
-most of the country now loves in urban centres
-improvements to infrastructure
-economic independence between urban and rural places
-



4

Economists factors of Australian population

1) larger the urban area the higher no. And type of functions associated with it

2)functions are aboe to locate where the threshold population is

5

Environmental factors

1) climate
- areas with good climate creates good agriculture and living conditions

2) landforms
- flatter land makes building easier

3) soil
- fertile soil influences the location of rural communities

6

External morphology

1) simple model
-square due to flat topography
-doesn't apply to cities

2) complex
-influenced by factors eg site and situation

3)multicellular
-dissected into smaller parts

7

Internal morphology

1) CBD
-high rise (expensive land)
-POD
-high day, low night pop

2) IMZ
-lots of land use mix
-changes frequently due to invasion and succesion

3)residential zone

4) OBD

5) RUF
-urban sprawl
-urban shadow effect

6) industrial zone
-agglomeration

8

Cultural influence on morphology

-most moderen urban development driven by ecoomy

-industrial sites disposed of to encourage local empoylment

-changed by what we value (land, car ect)

9

Accessibility and land use influencing morphology

-the closer to the centrr the higher the cost
-development will follow roads
-limited availability

10

Site influencing morphology

-early Australia = flat land and grid like pattern

-engineering and construction improvements=more urban sprawl

11

Changing characteristics of rural and urban

1) age and gender
-push and pull factors
-20-39 in urban, 50 and older urban

2) cultural characteristics
-2015= 60% of Australias pop growth was from migration, 88% settled in capital cities

3) socioeconomic
-rural communities more disadvantaged
-fifo increased rural pop

12

Stages of urban development

1) low income countries dominate by rural activity

2) changing economy
- shift from agriculture to industrial economy (brazil)

3) rapid urbanisation
- rapidly industrialising
(China)

4) centralisation
-growth in manufacturing out put
-export orientated economy
(Singapore)

5) decentralisation
- service and financial industries
( Australia)

6) questionable