Urbanization Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Urbanization Deck (19):
1

Good things about living in the city

- Everything's nearby
- More entertainment
- No commute time

2

Good things about living in the country

- Peace and quiet
- No pollution
- No traffic
- More resources
- Cheaper houses?

3

What are factors affecting land use patterns?

1) Land Value
2)Zoning (laws that control the kind and amount of development in an area, meant to avoid conflict)
3) Technology (land use patterns reflect tech available at the time of development
4) Climate (winter city concept)

4

Urban Growth refers to the

Actual # of people by which a city's pop grows

5

Urbanization refers to

The % of a country's total pop living in an urban area

6

Urbanization occurred because of

Tech and the change in economy

Ex. Tech created new tools + machinery = eliminated jobs = people moving into cities to look for work

7

What are the 5 stages of Urbanization

Stage 1 (Hamelot) = Stage 2 (Village) = Stage 3 (Town) = Stage 4 (City) = Stage 5 (CMA)

8

What're Manufacturing Cities

- Exist as people begun to live near factories where they could find jobs

9

What are Transportation Hubs

- Winnipeg
- Early growth resulted from the fact that it was a major hub for railways

10

What're Tourist Cities

- develop as a result of physical and human features that people are attracted to see or experience

11

What are Government Centres

- may provide services to people at a local, regional or national level
- ex. garbage collection, healthcare, hydro electricity

12

What are Resource Based Communities

- been established and developed due to resources

13

What's the Greater Golden Horseshoe and what're Greenbelt Communities

The GGH and Greenbelt communities are communities that surround Lake Ontario. It's permanently protected green space. This includes, farmland, wetlands, forests, watersheds, where they're located in Southern Ontario?

14

What're characteristics of Rural Settlement?

- Low pop density
- Dispersed pop distribution

15

What're factors of settlement

- Kind of resources found in the area
- Transportations methods
- Role played by government policy

16

Factors led to 3 distinct settlement patterns

- Long Lots - Southern Quebec
- Concession System - Southern Ontario
- Section System - Prairies

17

Where are Long Lots developed

Along waterways

18

When were long gots settled

Setled before the Dominion land survey system was implemented

19

In long lots, what were people taxed by?

The width of their farms