Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Pathology > Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (21):
1

Symptoms of cystitis

Peeing a lot
Dysuria
Urgency
Blood in urine
Superpubic pain

2

Symptoms of pylonephritis

Fever
Rigors
Vomiting
Loin pain
Tenderness

3

Symptoms of prostatis

Flu like symptoms
Decreased urination
Tender prostate that's swollen

4

Clinical symptoms of acute renal failure

Significant deterioration of renal function occurring over hours or days
Decreased volume pee to under 400mls in 24hours
Increased plasma urea and creatinine levels
Occur in setting of other illness like sepsis

5

Causes of renal failure

Pre renal- hypoperfusion, sepsis
Renal- ATN Dana he to tubules due to ischaemia or nephrotoxins
Post renal- adrenal tract obstruction

6

Stages of gfr

1- over 90
2 - 60-89
3- 30-59
4- 15-29
5- under 15

7

Causes of low gfr

Diabetes
Renovascular disease
Hypertension
Glomerulonephritis
Polycystic disease

8

Cause of glomerulonephritis

Dehydration
Diet
Drugs
Renal Tracy abnormalities
Recurrent UTIs
Metabolic abnormalities

9

How to diagnose glomerulonephritis

Asymtpomatic so find accidentally in urine or on an X-ray

10

Who is at risk of developing renal cancer

Makes
Smokers
Obsese
High bp
50-70yesr old

11

Symptoms of renal cancer

Haemotoma
Loin pain
Abdominal mass
Paraneoplastic syndrome

12

Symptoms and tests for bladder cancer

Painless haematuria where frequency urgency and dysuria can occur

13

Treatments for bladder cancer

Small lesions - diathermy
Later stage- cystectomy or palliative

14

Benign prostate hyperplasia

Common
Increase in the number of cells
Bph increased
Prostate grows in size

15

Symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia

Increased urinary frequency
Hesistency
Nocturia
Dribble
Increased infection risk
Increased prostate on PRZ

16

Risk factors of prostate cancer

Age
Race - black
Family history
Hormone levels
Diet of high fat

17

Symptoms of prostate cancer

Sometimes asymptomatic
Nocturia
Hesitancy
Poor stream
Dribble
Irregular prostate on examination

18

Clinical symptoms of prostate cancer

High PSA in blood
Biopsy

19

Symptoms of testicular torsion

Sudden onset of pain
Nausea
Vomiting
Hot
Swollen
Tender
May lie transversely and up
Common in 11-30year olds

20

Risk factors of testicular tumour

15-44years
Undescended testis, infant hernia, infertility

21

Symptoms of testicular tumour

Painless testicular lump after trauma or infection