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Fundamentals Quiz 4 > Urine Elimination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urine Elimination Deck (58):
1

__ incontinence occurs with chronic retention, overdistention

overflow incontinence

2

3 positions for strengthening muscle tone w/ kegals

sitting up, laying down, standing
contract 10 sec relax 10 seconds

3

How is transient incontinence treated?

once underlying problem is treated, it goes away

4

kegal muscles help with which type of incontinence

stress incontinence

5

___ incontinence occurs when the signal to empty the bladder is absent or underactive

overflow incontinence

6

___ incontinence is where patient gets signal to pee but cant make it for other factors

functional

7

nephrostomy

tube placed directly in front of renal pelvis

8

ileal conduit

bladder removal (cancer)
suregon creates a new tube from a piece of intestine
urine drained through stoma

9

WHat will the urethral orifice look like during urinary retention

inflamed
discharge
foul odor

10

condition were bladder is distended ,rises above symphysis and may reach just below umbillicus is ______
Q: what causes this

urinary retention
prostate issue, childbirth, medications

11

peitoneal dialysis

uses peritonum in the stomach as a semipermeable membrane

12

urine output should be

30mL/hour

13

transient incontinence is caused by which underlying disorders

delirium, diuretics, UTI

something there thats not letting them function properly- once thats treated they are ok

14

types of urinary catheters

indwelling
intermittent

15

leading cause of systemic infections

UTI

16

___incontinence occurs when the bladder is emptied without sensation of need to void

reflex distension

17

Infection of lower urinary tract is called___?
affects which areas

cysitis
badder and uretha

18

___ incontinence is the inability to reach the toilet due to enviornment, physical barriers, loss of memory or disorientation

functional

19

which test uses dye to highlight kidney structures and cancer growth?

IVP

20

which bladder muscle contracts when urinating?

detrusor muscle

21

in a ___ bladder can rise above the pubis symphysis and urine is retained

distended bladder

22

cloudy urine is indication of

infection

23

pelvic floor muscle training helps w/ ___ TYPE OF INCONTINENCE

stress incontience

24

Prep for nurse- IVP procedure

informed consent, make sure no allergies, afterwards assess patient urine output

25

___ incontinence is when there is a loss of urine related to increased abdominal pressure: coughing laughing, sneezing or lifting

stress

26

___ incontinence occurs w/ males who have prostatate disease

blocks urine in urethra
overflow incontinence

27

What would urine retention look like in a patient?

bladder distended during palpation
possible discomfort
no urine or peeing small amounts

28

What do we assess when we suspect issues for urinary system?

urine amount, color, urethral orifice

29

cytoscopy

much more invasive
tube into bladder via urethra
(usually req enema to evacuate bowels)

30

___ is the combination of two types of incontince

mixed

31

midstream catch aka

clean catch

32

urinary retention can cause

UTI

33

what are the different types of dialysis

hemodialysis
peitoneal dialysis

34

urinary incontinence type: appears suddenly
Q2: how long does it last

transient
6 months or less

35

how do we treat end stage reanl disease

dialysis
organ transplant

36

What machines can I use determine if catherterization is needed or avoided

bladder scanner
ultrasound

37

risk factors of kidney stones

immobility
not drinking enough fluids
no exercise

38

nocturia

complaint that someone has to get up freq at night to urinate

39

bladder holds about

600 mL

40

renal failure/end stage renal disease results in what symptoms

Fluid and Electrolyte imbalance
nausea
vomitting
headache
coma
seizures

41

urine analysis measures

pH
protein
glucose

42

indiana pouch

urinary reservoir is made

43

Nursing care related to a urinary stent

assess urine amount and nature
notify HCP of blood, signs of infection- cloudy, (tachycardia fever confusion) severe pain

44

used for blockages in the urinary system

urinary stent

45

urinary urgency w/ freqency and nocturia

hyperactive/overactive bladder

46

what types of conditions would cause reflex distention?

spinal cord injury,
infants / children

47

what is inserted in a cystoscopic procedure

urinary stent

48

___ incontince is caused by involuntary passage of urine. can occur with frequency (more often than q2 hrs)

urge

49

What causes urge incontinence

neurological disorders

50

what does a clean catch measure

pH protein glucose

51

if u suspect of retention, ask the person to void again. then after scanning what volume would u catherterize
whats normal

if PVR is more than 150
if PVR is less than 50 normal

52

Infection of upper urinary tract is called___?
affects which areas

pyelonephritis
kidneys and ureters

53

symptoms of renal colic

spasatic pain
nausea
vomitting

54

Conditions where you see skin tenting

dehydration

55

conditions where you see bladder distended

childbirth
post-op
prostate problems

56

how can we promote normal urination?

schedule
go when you feel the urge
provide privacy
position
hygiene
encourage fluid intake
strengthen muscle tone- kegals

57

READ p 12 of notes stars

kldsfgklsjfgkjfds

58

how do we treat beginning stage renal failure

dietary restrictions and medciations