Urology & Nephrology Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Urology & Nephrology Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urology & Nephrology Vocabulary Deck (35):
1

benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)

Noncancerous enlargement of prostate gland;

2

calculus

Term for stone formed within organ;

3

chlamydia

Bacterial sexually transmitted disease; inflammation of urethra of males or cervix of females with purulent discharge

4

circumcision

Surgical removal of prepuce or foreskin from glans penis

5

clean catch specimen (CC)

Procedure for obtaining urine sample after cleaning off urethral eats and catching urine in midstream to minimize contamination from skin

6

digital rectal exam (DRE)

Direct examination for presence of enlarged prostate gland performed by palpating prostate gland with fingers through wall of rectum

7

erectile dysfunction (ED)

Inability to achieve erection of penis for coitus;

8

extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)

Treatment procedure for urinary system stones;

9

frequency

Condition of feeling urge to urinate more often than normal but without increase in total daily volume of urine;

10

genital herpes

Highly infectious viral sexually transmitted disease; causes blister like lesions on penis of males or cervix and vagina of females

11

gonorrhea

Bacterial sexually transmitted disease; infects mucous membranes and can spread throughout entire genitourinary system;

12

hemodialysis (HD)

Treatment for renal failure using artificial kidney machine to filter waste from blood

13

hesitancy

State of difficulty initiating flow of urine;

14

hydrocele

Accumulation of fluid within scrotum

15

intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

X-ray of kidney following injection of dye into vein to visualize renal pelvis as kidney filters dye out of bloodstream and puts it into urine

16

phimosis

Narrowing of prepuce over glans penis;

17

polycystic kidney disease (PKD)

Inherited kidney disease characterized by presence of multiple cysts throughout kidney tissue;

18

prostatic cancer

Common and slow-growing cancer of prostate gland occurring in males over age 50;

19

renal failure

Inability of kidneys to filter wastes from blood and/or produce urine;

20

renal transplant

Replacement of diseased kidney by donor kidney

21

semen analysis

Evaluation of semen for fertility;

22

sexually transmitted disease (STD)

Contagious disease acquired through sexual contact;

23

sterility

Inability to produce children;

24

syphilis

Bacterial sexually transmitted disease; begins as localized ulcer at point of infection

25

testicular cancer

Cancer of one or both testicles;

26

trichomoniasis

Protozoan sexually transmitted disease; causes inflammation of genitourinary tract in both men and women

27

undescended testicle

Congenital anomaly involving failure of one or both of testes to descend into scrotal sac before birth

28

urgency

Force or impulse of needing to urinate immediately

29

urinary catheterization

Insertion of flexible tube, catheter, into urinary bladder through urethra;

30

urinary incontinence

Involuntary urination;

31

urinary tract infection (UTI)

Infection of urethra and/or urinary bladder

32

urine culture and sensitivity (C&S)

Diagnostic lab procedure that identifies bacterial infection of urinary system and determines best antibiotic to treat it;

33

varicocele

Development of varicose veins of veins leading to testes in scrotum

34

ESWL

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

35

HPV

human papilloma virus