Us History 2: Chapter 22 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Us History 2: Chapter 22 Deck (42):
1

What was the leading industry in the mass production industry?

Automobile Industry

2

How did Henry Ford transform the auto industry?

1. Lowered the price of automobile to increase the sales of profit
2. Lowered the cost production

3

What were the primary principles approaches Henry Ford used to lower the cost of production?

1. Employed mass production to spread his fixed cost
2. Employee for division of labor
3. Interchangeable parts
4. Focused heavily on wasted effort

4

Name the industries dominated by trusts from 1898 - 1903

Steal (trusts), oil (trusts), railroads (monopolies/ologopolies), utility electric companies (monopolies)

5

Describe the important business develops from 1898 - 1909

1. Developing and continuing development in high businesses
2. Finance capitalists (bankers) replaced industrial capitalist as operators of large businesses ex: JP Morgan replacing Carnegie
3. Development of interlocking board of directors of control

6

What were the principles of Frederick Taylor's scientific management?

1. management must take control of job knowledge and set it into rules and formulas
2. management must control the work place and enforce standardization of work methods
3. enforcing cooperation

7

Discuss the major changed in US farm life in the early 20th century

1. rural free delivery (RFD) delivery mail to farmers
2. partial post- packages by mail with low cost
3. better roads- more money spent on building them
4. land prices rose and people couldn't afford to buy a farm became tenants
5. work and attention given to farm related diseases ex: hook worm, malaria
6. huge irrigation product came to the west

8

Explain the conditions faced by working women in the early 1900s

1. growing number of women in the work place
2. heavy prejudice/ specially against married women because they belonged in the home
3. very few professional jobs, few pay

9

Who was Margaret Sanger

An early feminist and women rights activists who coined the term "Birth Control" and worked towards its legalization

10

Who was the sociologist leader of the Niagara Movement?

WEB Dubois

11

How was WEB Dubois approach to the Niagara Movement different that Booker T Washington?

Booker T. Washington believed that African Americans should work towards success and WEB Dubois believed that equality was absolutely necessary for progress

12

What was the NAACP? (1909)

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; serving as a source of info and pride to African Americans

13

What magazine served as a voice for the NAACP?

The Crisis

14

Who was the editor of The Crisis?

WEB Dubois

15

Explain the main characteristics of immigration to the U.S 1901-1920

1. immigrants almost entirely were coming to work/economic motives and increase in labor movement
2. source was Southern and Eastern Europe as well as from Mexico
3. Immigrants often moved back and forth from their homeland to the US
4. Mexican population in the southwest increased
5. Chinese immigration dropped drastically (laws prohibited)
6. Japanese immigration grew substantially

16

What was the Bird of Passage?

Person who passes through or visits without staying for long

17

What interrupted temporary migration patterns from Europe?

US enacted the Anarchist Exclusion Act

18

Why did immigration increase from Mexico?

The economy

19

Angel Island

An immigration station where immigrants entering the US were detained and interrogated

20

Jose Marti

Founding father of Cuba

21

18th Amendment

Allows prohibition

22

Buck v. Bell

Carrie Bell blamed for being raped and is sanitized

23

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

24

What skilled labor union was the most mainstream?

The AFL

25

Who ran the AFL?

Samuel Gompers

26

Who introduced the 5 dollar day?

Henry Ford

27

Why did Henry Ford introduce the 5 dollar day?

It was conceived as a profit-sharing plan which would motivate Ford employees to adopt efficient and productive habits at both the factory and at home

28

Nativism

When you favor a natives population

29

Literacy Act

If you immigrate you have to take a test

30

Who did the Literacy Act target?

Southern and Eastern Europeans

31

Frederick Winslow Taylor

He wanted to improve productivity in factories

32

Who introduced Creative Destruction?

Joseph Schumpter

33

What was Creative Destruction?

Capitalisms greatest strength and it will also destroy capitalism

34

Why were women not allowed to work in the AFL?

They were too emotional

35

Anne Morgan

She was a union activist

36

What was the nickname of the Knights of Labor?

The Feeble Wobbles

37

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

Employees were locked in for their shifts and a fire broke out that killed a lot of people

38

Leisure time

Baseball, innovations in music, and cinema exploded across the US

39

Muckrakers

Writers who made a practice between 1903 and 1909 of exposing the wrongdoings of public figures and corporations and high lighting social and political problems

40

Women Trade Union League

The group worked to organize women into trade unions

41

Industrial Workers of the World

Also known as the wobblies, aimed to unite the American working class into one union

42

Ashcan School

Early 20th century realist painters who portrayed the slums and streets of the nation's cities and the lives of the ordinary urban dwellers