USA 1941 - 48: A Land united? Flashcards Preview

EMWH - Paper 1: The USA 1919 - 48 > USA 1941 - 48: A Land united? > Flashcards

Flashcards in USA 1941 - 48: A Land united? Deck (5)
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1

Overview

  • Japan entered the war after Japan attacked Pearl Harbour (Dev 7, 1941)
  • Roosevelt joined Britain and Russia in a Grand Alliance
  • The war brought the USA out of the depression
  • The USA emerged from the war economically stronger than when it entered it
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2

Evidence that US people supported the war effort 

(General)

  • Rationing was an 'accepted' part of wartime USA (Gasoline & meat)
  • Restrictions placed on everyday life were generally observed (hunting & fishing banned)
  • Millions of Americans grew what they needed in 'Victory Gardens'
  • A request by the War Production Board for 4 million tonnes of scrap metal in 2 months was easily met in 3 weeks, providing 5 million tonnes
  • Americans contributed $129 billion to the war effort by buying war bonds
  • Liberty ships were being turned out every 43 days by 1943

3

How did the Government intervene in the lives of the US people during the war?

  • Imposed a FEDERAL 'victory tax' on incomes and savings.
  • More taxes on luxury goods - nylon & alcohol
  • A War production board was established - to manage war industries
  • Office of price administration - control prices and stamp out the black market
  • Rationing
  • Office of censorship 
  • Executive orders - esp. 

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