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Flashcards in UTI Deck (11):
0

Are UTIs usually caused by gram positive or gram negative organisms?

Gram negative

1

What is the most sensitive indicator of a UTI on a urine dip?

Nitrites
More sensitive than leucocytes

2

How would you investigate a suspected UTI?

FBC
U&E
Blood culture
CRP
Urine dipstick
MSU culture

3

What organism is the most common cause of UTI?

E. coli

4

Which organisms can cause a UTI?

Enterococcus
Staph. saprophyticus
Pseudomonas
Proteus

5

Which gram positive organisms may cause a UTI?

Entococcus (from the GIT)

6

Which organisms may cause UTI in patients with a long term catheter?

Pseudomonas

7

Which organism may cause UTI in sexually active females?

S. saprophyticus

8

Which antibiotics are available for treating UTI?

Trimethoprim
Nitrofurantoin
Co-amoxiclav
Ciprofloxacin
Gentamicin

9

Which antibiotics are best for treating localised UTI and why?

Trimethoprim
Nitrofurantoin
Excreted in urine so effective for localised infections.

10

Which antibiotics can be used to treat pseudomonas UTI?

Ciprofloxacin
Gentamicin