Flashcards in UWORLD - PEDIATRICS (Mixed) Deck (30)
Most common predisposing factor to bacterial sinusitis?
Pt with varus of calcanus and talus and adduction of the foot - suspected diagnosis? Management?
Serial casting immediately
Pt presents with thrombocytopenia, rash, and multiple infections - suspected diagnosis?
Von Geirkes vs Debranching emzyme deficiency?
Normal LFTs but elevated lactate and uric acid
Elevated LFTs, but normal lactate and uric acid
Floppy baby with macroglossia and heart failure - suspected diagnosis? deficiency in?
Cause of infant respiratory distress syndrome? Risk factors?
#Maternal disbetes mellitus
Pt with light brown skin spots, and precocious puberty?
Birth defect of nail/digit hypoplasia - causal drug?
Birth defect of thin upper lip - causal drug?
Acidified glycerl lysis test used to diagnose?
CD55 and CD56 protein testing on RBCs used to diagnose?
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Only immunocompromised pts get this immunoglobulin upon exposure?
Treatment for tricyclic intoxication? (Why?)
Corrects acidosis and narrows QRS prolongation
Neonate presents with bilious vomiting and bloodstained stools - suspected diagnosis? best initial test? Most accurate?
Xray (to r/o pneumoperitoneum)
Upper GI series
Neonate presents with non-bilious vomiting - suspected diagnosis?
volvulus (intussception not found as neonate)
Most common predisposing factor for orbital cellulitis?
Child presents joint pain soon after viral illness - suspected diagnosis? Management?
Ibuprofen and rest (NOT joint tap)
Primary deficiency if:
1. Absent B-cells and low Immunoglobulins?
2. Normal B-cells and decreased immunoglobulins
3. Normal B-cells but low IgA
4. Normal B-cells, low immunoglobulins expect for IgM?
5. Normal B-cells and decreased IgG
2. Common Variable immunodeficiency
3. IgA deficiency
5. IgG Subclass deficiency
Triad of congential toxoplasmosis?
Congenital Rubella triad?
Deafness, cateracts, and cardiac cardiac defects
hepatospenomegaly, skin ulcerations, rhunorrhea
Sand-paper like rash - suspected diagnosis? Other ORAL findings?
Hyperventilation can induce what type of seizure?
Treatment for RSV?
#Lung disease of prematurity
#congenital heart disease
Treatment for Bullous vs non-bullous imetigo?
Oral Abx (cephalexin, dicloxacillin) vs topical (mupirocin)
Unilateral cervial adenitis - in otherwise healthy child treatment?
if preschool-aged, nontender, and slower onset?
Clindamycin (Staph, strep)
Mechanism of arthopathy in hemophilics?
iron/hemosidern deposition leading to synovitis and fibrosis
Microvesicular fatty liver vs macrovesicular fatty liver?
Reye syndrome (children) vs obesity/EtOH (adults)
Refeeding syndrome - surge in what hormone? Why deadly?
Promotes uptake of phosphorus, K, and Mg (as serum levels drop, pt can develop arrhythmias)