UWORLD - PEDIATRICS (Mixed) Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics > UWORLD - PEDIATRICS (Mixed) > Flashcards

Flashcards in UWORLD - PEDIATRICS (Mixed) Deck (30):
1

Most common predisposing factor to bacterial sinusitis?

VIral URI

2

Pt with varus of calcanus and talus and adduction of the foot - suspected diagnosis? Management?

Clubfoot

Serial casting immediately

3

Pt presents with thrombocytopenia, rash, and multiple infections - suspected diagnosis?

Wiskott-Aldrich

WIPE
Wiskott-Aldrich
Infections
Purpura (thrombocytopenia)
Ezcema

4

Von Geirkes vs Debranching emzyme deficiency?

Normal LFTs but elevated lactate and uric acid

Elevated LFTs, but normal lactate and uric acid

5

Floppy baby with macroglossia and heart failure - suspected diagnosis? deficiency in?

Pompe's disease

Acid maltase

6

Cause of infant respiratory distress syndrome? Risk factors?

Surfactant deficiency

#Prematurity
#Maternal disbetes mellitus

7

Pt with light brown skin spots, and precocious puberty?

McCune-Albright

8

Birth defect of nail/digit hypoplasia - causal drug?

Phenytoin

9

Birth defect of thin upper lip - causal drug?

alcohol

10

Acidified glycerl lysis test used to diagnose?

Spherocytosis

11

CD55 and CD56 protein testing on RBCs used to diagnose?

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

12

Only immunocompromised pts get this immunoglobulin upon exposure?

VZV

13

Treatment for tricyclic intoxication? (Why?)

Sodium Bicarb

Corrects acidosis and narrows QRS prolongation

14

Neonate presents with bilious vomiting and bloodstained stools - suspected diagnosis? best initial test? Most accurate?

midgut volvulus

Xray (to r/o pneumoperitoneum)

Upper GI series

15

Neonate presents with non-bilious vomiting - suspected diagnosis?

Bilious vomiting?

pyloric stenosis

volvulus (intussception not found as neonate)

16

Most common predisposing factor for orbital cellulitis?

bacterial sinusitis

17

Child presents joint pain soon after viral illness - suspected diagnosis? Management?

Transient synovitis

Ibuprofen and rest (NOT joint tap)

18

Primary deficiency if:
1. Absent B-cells and low Immunoglobulins?
2. Normal B-cells and decreased immunoglobulins
3. Normal B-cells but low IgA
4. Normal B-cells, low immunoglobulins expect for IgM?
5. Normal B-cells and decreased IgG

1. Agammaglobulinemia
2. Common Variable immunodeficiency
3. IgA deficiency
4. Hyper-IgM
5. IgG Subclass deficiency

19

Triad of congential toxoplasmosis?

#chorioretinitis
#hydrocephalus
#intracranial cacifications

20

Congenital Rubella triad?

Deafness, cateracts, and cardiac cardiac defects

21

hepatospenomegaly, skin ulcerations, rhunorrhea

Congenital syphilis

22

Sand-paper like rash - suspected diagnosis? Other ORAL findings?

Scarlet fever

#Strawberry tongue
#Gray exudates

23

Hyperventilation can induce what type of seizure?

Sleep deprivation?

Absence

Juvenile myoclonic

24

Treatment for RSV?

Palivizumab IF
#Preterm birth
#Lung disease of prematurity
#congenital heart disease

25

Treatment for Bullous vs non-bullous imetigo?

Oral Abx (cephalexin, dicloxacillin) vs topical (mupirocin)

26

Unilateral cervial adenitis - in otherwise healthy child treatment?

if preschool-aged, nontender, and slower onset?

Clindamycin (Staph, strep)

Macrolide (mycobacteria)

27

Mechanism of arthopathy in hemophilics?

iron/hemosidern deposition leading to synovitis and fibrosis

28

Microvesicular fatty liver vs macrovesicular fatty liver?

Reye syndrome (children) vs obesity/EtOH (adults)

29

Refeeding syndrome - surge in what hormone? Why deadly?

Insulin

Promotes uptake of phosphorus, K, and Mg (as serum levels drop, pt can develop arrhythmias)

30

Pt with epistaxis, visable mass and bony erosion - suspected diagnosis?

Juvenile Angiofibroma