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Flashcards in Values Deck (15):

Distinguish INTRApersonal intelligence form INTERpersonal intelligence.

Intrapersonal Intelligence--Internal view of our own values, feelings, and issues.

Interpersonal Intelligence--Do we recognize, understand the beliefs, feelings, actions, and motives of others?


What are the barriers to awareness of emotional values?

They are,
Not directly observable (some unknowingly hide how they feel).
Human biases (look for what we already believe)
Social Desirability (some give answers or report to give the desirable answer.)


What are the ABC's of Cognitive Behavioral Psychology?

A. Activating Event--event that initiates the response.
B. Belief (thoughts, values held)--offended person's previously held ideas
C. Consequence--resulting action; feeling; emotion. (offended person reacts)

A leads to B leads to C


What does Moral Development involve?

Involves thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong. (social convention, personal domain)


Moral Thought by Jean Piaget
2 types of moral thought.
And define Cognitive disequilibrium theory.

Heteronomous (4-7 years) Cognitive ability for right or wrong comes from without. Parents define morality and this age expects Immanent Justice.

Autonomous (10 & up) Child is more independent. Rules are made by people. Rules can change and even be cooperatively negotiated. Intention becomes part of consideration of punishment.

Cognitive Disequilibrium Theory--Adolescents recognize that their set of beliefs is one of many.


Name stages of Kohlberg's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development

Preconventional Reasoning
Conventional Reasoning
Postconventional Reasoning


Name the 4 components of ethical action

1. Moral sensitivity
2. Moral judgement
3. Moral motivation
4. Moral character


Define Preconventional Reasoning

Heteronomous morality (Freud--black and white, right or wrong)
Individualism, instrumental purpose (cost benefit analysis to see if doing something was worth it), and exchange.


Define Conventional Reasoning

Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, interpersonal conformity. (Good boy/Bad boy. what will others think?)
Social System morality. (We have laws that need to be followed)


Define Postconventional Reasoning

Social contract or utility and individual rights (Morality is internalized)
Universal ethical principle (If disagree with laws, get laws changed.
Internalized morality is based on universal and ethical principles.


What is a criticism of Kohlberg's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development?

Criticized as based in individualism. Assumes justice is the highest moral value over caring and love.


Moral Judgement

2. Moral judgement--grasping importance of context of situation that points to a higher judgement of value.


Moral Motivation

Moral motivation--prizing moral values over self interest.


Moral Character

the strength of convictions to do what is morally right despite what others think or do. (follow through)


Moral Sensitivity

An awareness of all possible lines of action and their effect on others.