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Anatomy - Thorax and Abdomen > Vasculature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vasculature Deck (26)
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Venous drainage of the breast

Axillary vein and internal thoracic vein

1

Lymphatic drainage of the breast

Subareolar lymphatic plexus: axillary lymph nodes, parasternal lymph nodes, and the abdominal lymph nodes

2

What are the three arteries of the thoracic wall?

Thoracic aorta, subclavian artery, and axillary artery

3

What are the three branches of the internal thoracic artery (branch of the subclavian artery)?

Anterior intercostal artery, superior epigastric artery, and musculophrenic artery

4

What are two branches of the thoracic aorta?

Posterior intercostal artery and bronchial artery

5

Which side of the body is the azygous vein?

Right

6

Which side of the body is the hemiazygous vein?

Left (sits under the aorta)

7

What are the three branches of the celiac trunk?

Left gastric artery, splenic artery, and common hepatic artery

8

What are the three arteries that supply the superior part of the diaphragm?

Pericardiophrenic, muscoluphrenic, and superior phrenic arteries

9

What artery supplies the inferior part of the diaphragm?

Inferior phrenic artery

10

What are three branches off of the common hepatic artery?

Right gastric, gastroduodenal, and proper hepatic arteries

11

What side of the body is the thoracic duct on?

Right

12

What are the two main drainage systems?

1. Thoracic duct - RLQ, LUG, LLQ
2. Right lymphatic duct - RUQ

13

What do the thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct drain into?

Left and right subclavian veins back to the RA of the heart

14

The azygous and hemiazygous veins are branches of what vein?

Common iliac vein

15

Where do the azygous and hemiazygous vein empty into?

Hemiazygous empties into azygous which empties into superior vena cava

16

Caval system

Gonadal and renal veins drain into the inferior vena cava

17

Portal system

Inferior mesenteric, superior mesenteric, and splenic veins drain into portal vein which goes to the liver and empties into the hepatic vein which empties into the inferior vena cava

18

What type of organs do the caval and portal system supply?

Caval = retroperitoneal
Portal = intraperitoneal

19

What do the superior mesenteric artery and vein supply?

Ascending colon, transverse colon, and small intestine

20

What do the inferior mesenteric artery and vein supply?

Descending colon, sigmoid colon, and rectum

21

Where do the posterior and anterior intercostal veins drain into?

Anterior intercostal veins drain into posterior intercostal veins which drain into the azygous and hemiazygous veins

22

What are the five branches of the abdominal aorta?

Renal, gonadal, celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, and inferior mesenteric arteries

23

What are the two branches of the internal iliac artery?

Anterior and posterior divison

24

What are the branches of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery?

Internal pudendal, inferior gluteal, umbilical, and obturator arteries

25

What are the branches of the posterior division?

Iliolumbar, lateral sacral, and superior gluteal ateries