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Flashcards in Verbal 2 Deck (43):
1

aggrandize

v. to make larger or greater
v. to make greater in power, wealth, rank or honor

One of the concerns of the framers of US was that one branch of govt would try to aggrandize itself at the expense of the others.

2

aggregate

adj. amounting to a whole; total

The aggregate wealth of a country includes private as well as public resources and possesions.

v. to collect into a mass

Portals are Web sites designed to aggregate info and are used as a starting point on the Web.

3

alacrity

n. cheerful willingness; eagerness; speed

The football coach was pleased to see the team get to work on the task of improving its tackling skills with alacrity.

We accepted the invitation with alacrity.

4

alchemy

n. medival chemical philosophy based on changing metal into gold; seemingly magical power or process of transmutation

Alchemy was the forerunner of the moddern scieince of chemistry.

5

subtle

adj. capable of making fine distinctions
"a subtle mind"

making use of clever and indirect methods to achieve something
"he tried a more subtle approach"

delicate or faint and mysterious
"a subtle smile"

6

allay

v. to lessen; ease; soothe

Improvements in antivirus software have allayed many people's fears of having their computers infected with virus.

v. diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, worry)
"the report attempted to educate the public and allay fears"

7

alleviate

v. to relieve; improve partially (suffering)

he couldn't prevent her pain, only alleviate it

8

slum

n. overcorwded urban street or district inhabited by very poor people

9

alloy

n. a combination; a mixture of two or more metals

scientists formulate alloys to create properties that are not possessed by natural metals or other substances

10

allure

n. the power to entice by charm

11

amalgamate

v. to combine into a unified whole

In early 1999, six municipalities (town) were amalgamated into an enlarged city of Toronoto.

12

ambiguous

adj. unclear or doubtful in meaning

13

ambivalence

n. the state of having conflicting emotional attidues

John felt some ambivalence about getting married before finishing college

14

ambrosia

n. something delicious; the food of the gods

The combination of flavors in the Moroccan baked eggplant was pure ambrosia

15

ameliorate

v. to improve

the reform did much to ameliobrate living standards

16

amenable

adj. agreeable; cooperative; suited

The young writer is amenable to suggestions for improving her prose style to make it more interesting

17

amenity

n. something that increase comfort

The property is situated in a convenient location, close to all local amenities

18

amulet

n. ornament worn as a charm against all evil spirits

The early Christian Church forbade the use of amulets, which had become common in the Roman Empire at the time the Christian Church began to develop

19

forbade

v. past for forbid

20

anachronism

n. something out of the proper time

some experts regard the retirement age of 65 as an anachronism at a time when peple in the developed world have much longer life expectancies than previously

21

analgesic

n. medication that reduces or eliminates pain

Asprin is a powerful analgesic still

22

analogous

adj. comparable

The phychology researcher's experiment postulates that the brain is analogous to a digital computer

23

postulate

v. suggest or assume the existence, fact or truth as basis for reasoning, discussion or belief

His theory postulated a rotatory movement for hurricanes

24

anarchy

n. absence of government
adj. lacking order or control

25

anodyne

n. something that calms or soothes pain

Some people use alcohol as an anodyne to numb their emotional pain.

adj. relaxing, or capable of soothing pain

26

anomalous

adj. irregular; deviating from the norm

The psychologist discounted the anomalous behavior of the soldier, saying it was merely a short term effect of the stress of battle.

Anomaly = noun

27

antecedent

n. something that comes before

some antecedents to the African novel might exist in Africa's oral traditions

28

antediluvian

adj. prehistoric

Most of our knowledge of antediluvian times has been built up as a result of one of humanity's grandest collaborative endeavors-the gathering, identification, dating, and catergorization of fossils as they are discovered.

29

antipathy

n. dislike; hostile

the protagonist feels great antipathy for the man who marries the woman he loves

30

apathy

n. indifference (lack of interest, enthusiasm or concern)

Apathy was high in the election because there was no major issue to arouse voter interest.

31

apogee

n. the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbited; the highest point

The Ottoman Empire reached its apogee in the 17th centruy when it controlled a territory running from Budapest to N. Africa

32

apothegm

n. a terse (sparing in the use of words), witty saying

n. concise (giving lot of info in few words) saying
ex of apophthegm: tomorrow is an another day

33

appease

v. to calm, pacify (quell the anger); placate (make someone less angry)

amendments have been added to appease local pressure groups

34

AMBI

around, on both sides

ambient = surrounding
ambidextrous = able to use both hands
ambivalent = having conflicting feelings

35

ambiversion

personality trait that combines introversion and extroversion

36

ambidextrous

able to use both hands

37

ambient

surrounding

38

AMPH / AMPHI

around, double, on both sides

amphibian = animal that can live on water and land
amphitheater = round structure with levels of seats rising upward from central area

39

ANIM

life, breath, spirit

animal
animation = enthusiasm; excitement
animism = belief that individual spirits inhabit natural phenomena
animosity = hostility; hatred

40

animosity

n. strong hostility

he no longer felt any animosity towards her

41

ANNU / ANNI / ENNI

yearly

annuity = yearly income payment
anniversary
biennial
perennial = year to several years
millennium

42

annuity

yearly income payment

43

ANT / ANTE

before

antecedent
antediluvian - extremely old
antedate = come before in time