Flashcards in Verbal 3 (unit 6 -9, root 5- Deck (44):
n. (formal) name
the city fully justifies its appellation ‘the Pearl of the Orient’
adj. strikingly appropriate and relevant
The writer searched two dictionaries and a thesaurus before finding the perfectly apposite word he was looking for.
v. to inform or tell someone
I thought it right to apprise Chris of what had happened
n. praise, approval
The Congressional Medal of Honor is the highest approbation a solider can receive.
v. to take possession for one's own use; confiscate
The invading army appropriated supplies from the houses of the local people.
adj. relevant, with reference to
Apropos of nothing, the speaker declared that the purpose of life is to love.
she remarked apropos of the initiative, ‘It’s not going to stop the abuse
n. great emotion or passion
the rebuff did little to dampen his ardour
he kissed her with an ardour that left her breathless
adj. extremely difficult; laborious
n. specialized vocab used by a group; slang
Writers of crime fiction often use the argot of criminals and detectives to create a realistic atmosphere
adj. guileless; natural
without guile or deception:
an artless, naive girl
without effort or pretentiousness; natural and simple:
- an artless literary masterpiece
without skill or finesse:
- her awkward, artless prose
n. one who practices self-denial
Muslim ascetics consider the internal battle against human passions a greater jihad than the struggle against infidels.
adj. self-deyning, austere
The writer's ascetic lifestyle helped her to concentrate on finishing her novel.
n. severity; harshness; irritability
he pointed this out with some asperity
When I was sketching in Rome, a woman came up to me and said with some asperity, 'I see you are painting MY view'.
n. slander; false rumor
The leaders respond strongly to journalists who cast aspersions on their integrity.
I don’t think anyone is casting aspersions on you
adj. diligent; hard-working
The assiduous people of HK live in a territory with one of the highest per capita incomes in the world
v. to make less severe (SYN: alleviate)
- the letter assuaged the fears of most members
satisfy (an appetite or desire):
- an opportunity occurred to assuage her desire for knowledge
v. be deprived of a close relation or friend through their death:
she had recently been bereaved
ad. harsh; severe
Bob tends to nick himself when he shaves, so he uses an astringent aftershave to stop the bleeding
n. in bio, the reappearance of a characteristic in an organism after several generations of absence; individual or part of that exhibits atavism;
return of a trait after a period of absence
Some modern political theorists reject nationalism as a tribal atavism.
v. to weaken
Modern digital radio equipment allows even signals that have been greatly attenuated to be transmitted by one station and received by another station.
Her intolerance was attenuated by an unexpected liberalism
adj. bold; daring
showing a willingness to take suprisingly bold risks
a serious of audacious takeovers
He was knwon as Desert Fox due to his audacious suprise attacks
adj, self-governing; independent
n. greed for wealth or material gain
he was rich beyond the dremes of avarice
Successful investment bankers are sometimes accused of avarice; their defenders, however, say that they are simply very good at what they do and should be reqarded
v. to affirm; declare to be true
He averred that he was innocent of the allegations
n. secondary occupation
Dan became so proficient at his avocation that he is thinking of giving up his job as a teacher to do it full time
adj. like an uncle, benevolent and tolerant
kind and friendly towards a younger or less experienced person
he was avuncular, reassuring and trustworthy
Walter Cronkite had an avuncular manner that made him one of Ameria's most trusted personalities
adj. well meaning and kindly
he was something of a benevolent despot
n. ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercise it in a cruel way
adj. taken for granted
adj. self-evident (obvious) or unquestionable
It is axiomatic that dividends have to be financed
adj. pertaining to riotous or drunken festivity; pertaining to revelry
For some people, NYE is an occasion for bacchanalian reverly.
n. lively and noisy festivities, especially when these involve drinking a large amount of alcohol
New Yer revelries
adj. marked by or involving public disorder
a riotous crowd
adj. commonplace; trite
The writer has a gift for making even the most banal observation seem important and original
adj. (of remark or idea) lacking originality or freshness; dull on account of overuse
this point may now seem obvious and trite
n. playful conversation
The governor engaged in some banter with reportes before getting to the serious business of the news conference.
The great bards of english literature have all been masters of the techniques of verse
adj. obscene; dealing with sexual matters in a comical way
It is a story ranging from the holy to the bawdy, on their journey to the cathedral.
v. to sanctify (to make holy); to bless; to ascribe a virtue to
Pope traveled to Portugal to beatify two fo the 3 children who said they saw the appearance of the Virgin Mary there.
v. to dress in a vulgar, showy manner
Paul went to the costume party bediened as a 17th century French aristocract.
n. huge creature; anything very large and powerfull
n. something enormous, espically a large and powerful organization
shoppers are now more loyal to their local shops than to faceless behemoths
v. to contradict; misrepresent; give a false impression
The boser's childlike face belies the ferocity with which he can attack oponents in the ring
His lively, alert manner belied his years
ANT / ANTI
antipathy - dislike
antithesis - opposite of
n. a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else
love is the antithesis of selfishness
mankind, human being
anthropic - related to the human race
anthropoid - resembling human beings
misanthropy - hatred of humanity