Verbal 3 (unit 6 -9, root 5- Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Verbal 3 (unit 6 -9, root 5- Deck (44):
1

appellation

n. (formal) name

the city fully justifies its appellation ‘the Pearl of the Orient’

2

apposite

adj. strikingly appropriate and relevant

The writer searched two dictionaries and a thesaurus before finding the perfectly apposite word he was looking for.

3

apprise

v. to inform or tell someone

I thought it right to apprise Chris of what had happened

4

approbation

n. praise, approval

The Congressional Medal of Honor is the highest approbation a solider can receive.

5

appropriate

v. to take possession for one's own use; confiscate

The invading army appropriated supplies from the houses of the local people.

6

apropos

adj. relevant, with reference to

Apropos of nothing, the speaker declared that the purpose of life is to love.

she remarked apropos of the initiative, ‘It’s not going to stop the abuse

7

ardor

n. great emotion or passion

the rebuff did little to dampen his ardour
he kissed her with an ardour that left her breathless

8

arduous

adj. extremely difficult; laborious

9

argot

n. specialized vocab used by a group; slang

Writers of crime fiction often use the argot of criminals and detectives to create a realistic atmosphere

10

artless

adj. guileless; natural
without guile or deception:

an artless, naive girl
artless sincerity

without effort or pretentiousness; natural and simple:

- an artless literary masterpiece

without skill or finesse:
- her awkward, artless prose

11

ascetic

n. one who practices self-denial

Muslim ascetics consider the internal battle against human passions a greater jihad than the struggle against infidels.

adj. self-deyning, austere

The writer's ascetic lifestyle helped her to concentrate on finishing her novel.

12

asperity

n. severity; harshness; irritability

he pointed this out with some asperity

When I was sketching in Rome, a woman came up to me and said with some asperity, 'I see you are painting MY view'.

13

aspersion

n. slander; false rumor

The leaders respond strongly to journalists who cast aspersions on their integrity.
I don’t think anyone is casting aspersions on you

14

assiduous

adj. diligent; hard-working

The assiduous people of HK live in a territory with one of the highest per capita incomes in the world

15

assuage

v. to make less severe (SYN: alleviate)

- the letter assuaged the fears of most members

satisfy (an appetite or desire):
- an opportunity occurred to assuage her desire for knowledge

16

bereavement

v. be deprived of a close relation or friend through their death:

she had recently been bereaved

17

astringent

ad. harsh; severe

Bob tends to nick himself when he shaves, so he uses an astringent aftershave to stop the bleeding

18

atavism

n. in bio, the reappearance of a characteristic in an organism after several generations of absence; individual or part of that exhibits atavism;
return of a trait after a period of absence

Some modern political theorists reject nationalism as a tribal atavism.

19

attenuate

v. to weaken

Modern digital radio equipment allows even signals that have been greatly attenuated to be transmitted by one station and received by another station.

Her intolerance was attenuated by an unexpected liberalism

20

audacious

adj. bold; daring
showing a willingness to take suprisingly bold risks

a serious of audacious takeovers
He was knwon as Desert Fox due to his audacious suprise attacks

21

autonomous

adj, self-governing; independent

22

avarice

n. greed for wealth or material gain

he was rich beyond the dremes of avarice
Successful investment bankers are sometimes accused of avarice; their defenders, however, say that they are simply very good at what they do and should be reqarded

23

aver

v. to affirm; declare to be true

He averred that he was innocent of the allegations

24

avocation

n. secondary occupation

Dan became so proficient at his avocation that he is thinking of giving up his job as a teacher to do it full time

25

avuncular

adj. like an uncle, benevolent and tolerant
kind and friendly towards a younger or less experienced person

he was avuncular, reassuring and trustworthy

Walter Cronkite had an avuncular manner that made him one of Ameria's most trusted personalities

26

benevolent

adj. well meaning and kindly

he was something of a benevolent despot

27

despot

n. ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercise it in a cruel way

28

axiomatic

adj. taken for granted

adj. self-evident (obvious) or unquestionable

It is axiomatic that dividends have to be financed

29

bacchanalian

adj. pertaining to riotous or drunken festivity; pertaining to revelry

For some people, NYE is an occasion for bacchanalian reverly.

30

revelry

n. lively and noisy festivities, especially when these involve drinking a large amount of alcohol

New Yer revelries

31

riotous

adj. marked by or involving public disorder

a riotous crowd

32

banal

adj. commonplace; trite

The writer has a gift for making even the most banal observation seem important and original

33

trite

adj. (of remark or idea) lacking originality or freshness; dull on account of overuse

this point may now seem obvious and trite

34

banter

n. playful conversation

The governor engaged in some banter with reportes before getting to the serious business of the news conference.

35

bard

n. poet

The great bards of english literature have all been masters of the techniques of verse

36

bawdy

adj. obscene; dealing with sexual matters in a comical way

It is a story ranging from the holy to the bawdy, on their journey to the cathedral.

37

beatify

v. to sanctify (to make holy); to bless; to ascribe a virtue to

Pope traveled to Portugal to beatify two fo the 3 children who said they saw the appearance of the Virgin Mary there.

38

bedizen

v. to dress in a vulgar, showy manner

Paul went to the costume party bediened as a 17th century French aristocract.

39

behemoth

n. huge creature; anything very large and powerfull

n. something enormous, espically a large and powerful organization

shoppers are now more loyal to their local shops than to faceless behemoths

40

belie

v. to contradict; misrepresent; give a false impression

The boser's childlike face belies the ferocity with which he can attack oponents in the ring

His lively, alert manner belied his years

41

ANT / ANTI

against, opposite

antibiotic
antiseptic
antipathy - dislike
antithesis - opposite of

42

anthithesis

n. a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else

love is the antithesis of selfishness

43

ANTHROP

mankind, human being

anthropic - related to the human race
anthropoid - resembling human beings
misanthropy - hatred of humanity

44

ANTIQU

old, ancient

antiquated - too old to be useful or fashionable
antique
antiquity - ancient times