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Flashcards in verbs Deck (350):
1

haber present tense conj

he
has
ha
hemos
habéis
han

2

abrir past participle

abierto

2

boxear

to box

3

escribir past participle

escrito

3

to box

boxear

4

decir past participle

dicho

4

cazar

to go hunting

5

hacer past participle

hecho

5

to go hunting

cazar

6

morir past participle

muerto

6

to climb

escalar

7

poner past participle

puesto

7

escalar

to climb

8

resolver past participle

resuelto

8

esquiar

to ski

9

romper past participle

roto

9

to ski

esquiar

10

ver past participle

visto

10

hacer pilates

to do Pilates

11

volver past participle

vuelto

11

to do Pilates

hacer pilates

12

oír past participle

oído

12

hacer surf

to surf

13

traer past participle

traído

13

to surf

hacer surf

14

dar past participle

dado

14

hacer yoga

to do yoga

15

enamorarse

to fall in love

15

to do yoga

hacer yoga

16

to fall in love

enamorarse

16

jugar al boliche

to bowl

17

enojar

to annoy

17

to bowl

jugar al boliche

18

to annoy

enojar

18

jugar al hockey

to play hockey

19

asustarse

to be frightened

19

to play hockey

jugar al hockey

20

to be frightened

asustarse

20

jugar al hockey sobre hierba

to play field hockey

21

agotarse

to be exhausted

21

to play field hockey

jugar al hockey sobre hierba

22

to be exhausted

agotarse

22

jugar al hockey sobre hielo

to play ice hockey

23

avergonzarse

to be ashamed

23

to play ice hockey

jugar al hockey sobre hielo

24

to be ashamed

avergonzarse

24

jugar al voleibol

to play volleyball

25

confundirse

to be bewildered
to be abashed

25

to play volleyball

jugar al voleibol

26

to be bewildered
to be abashed

confundirse

26

levantar pesas

to lift weights

27

ser past participle

sido

27

to lift weights

levantar pesas

28

ir past participle

ido

28

montar a caballo

to go horseback riding

29

el pretérito de verbos regulares ar endings

é
aste
ó
amos
asteis
aron

29

to go horseback riding

montar a caballo

30

el pretérito de verbos regulares er/ir endings

í
iste

imos
isteis
ieron

30

patinar en monopatín

to skateboard

31

el pretérito de verbo ser/ir

fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fuisteis
fueron

31

to skateboard

patina en monopatín

32

el pretérito de verbos dar/ver

di/vi
diste/viste
dio/vio
dimos/vimos
disteis/visteis
dieron/vieron

32

practicar artes marciales

to do martial arts

33

first person singular spelling changes
llegar
buscar
empezar

llegué
busqué
empecé

33

to do martial arts

practicar artes marciales

34

third person singular and plural preterit
leer
oír
caer
creer
incluir
concluir
construir

leyó, leyeron
oyó, oyeron
cayó, cayeron
creyó, creyeron
incluyó, incluyeron
concluyó, concluyeron
construyó, construyeron

34

practicar ciclismo

to go cycling

35

preterito traer

traje
trajiste
trajo
trajimos
trajisteis
trajeron

35

to go cycling

practicar ciclismo

36

preterit stem changes
saber
poder
poner

supe
pude
puse

36

practicar esquí acuático

to go waterskiing

37

preterit stem changes
tener
estar
andar

tuve
estuve
anduve

37

to go waterskiing

practicar esquí acuático

38

preterit stem changes
hacer
venir
quierer

hice
vine
quise

38

practicar lucha libre

to wrestle

39

preterit conjugation
ver
dar

vi/di
viste/diste
vio/dio
vimos/dimos
visteis/disteis
vieron/dieron

39

to wrestle

practicar lucha libre

40

preterit conjugation
ir/ser

fui
fuiste
fue
fuisteis
fueron

40

remar

to row

41

preterit conjugation
hacer

hice
hiciste
hizo
hicimos
hicisteis
hicieron

41

endings for present subjunctive
regular ar verbs

e
es
e
emos
éis
en

41

endings for present subjunctive
regular er/ir verbs

a
as
a
amos
áis
an

41

irregular "yo" form verbs in the present subjunctive

maintain irregularity in ALL forms
ex. conoce hacer
conozca haga
conozcas hagas
conozca haga
conozcamos hagamos
conozcáis hagáis
conozcan hagan

41

buscar present subjunctive

busque
busques
busque
busquemos
busquéis
busquen

41

pagar present subjunctive

pague
pagues
pague
paguemos
paguéis
paguen

41

empezar present subjunctive

empiece
empieces
empiece
empecemos
empecéis
empiecen

41

rule for ar/er stem-changing verbs present subjunctive
ex. pensar, poder

same vowel changes are present as present tense
ex. pensar poder
piense pueda
pienses puedas
piense pueda
pensamos podemos
penséis podáis
piensan puedan

41

rule for ir stem-changing verbs present subjunctive

stem changes also in nostros and vosotros forms but can be different
ex. sentir dormir pedir
sienta duerma pida
sientas duermas pidas
sienta duerma pida
sintamos durmamos pidamos
sintáis durmáis pidáis
sientan duerman pidan

41

dar present subjunctive


des

demos
deis
den

41

estar present subjunctive

esté
estés
esté
estemos
estéis
estén

41

saber present subjunctive

sepa
sepas
sepa
sepamos
sepáis
sepan

41

ser present subjunctive

sea
seas
sea
seamos
seáis
sean

41

ir present subjunctive

vaya
vayas
vaya
vayamos
vayáis
vayan

41

how to form the affirmative "tú" command

same as third person singular
ex. llenar = llena
leer = lee
pedir = pide

41

decir informal command

di

41

di

Talk! (informal)

41

hacer informal command

haz

41

haz

Do! Make! (informal command)

41

ir informal command

ve

41

ve

Go! (informal command)

41

poner informal command

pon

41

pon

Put! (informal command)

41

salir informal command

sal

41

sal

Go out! (informal command)

41

ser informal command

41

Be! (informal command)

41

tener informal command

ten

41

ten

Have! (informal command)

41

venir informal command

ven

41

ven

Come! (informal command)

41

how to form negative "tú" commands

yo form
drop "o"
add opposite ending for "tú" form
ex. llenar = no llenes
leer = no leas
pedir = no pidas

41

negative "tú" form sacar

no saques

41

negative "tú" form llegar

no llegues

41

negative "tú" form empezar

no empieces

41

position of pronouns with "tú" commands: positive and negative

attached at end of positive commands. ex. ¡Cámbiamela!
placed before negative "tú" commands. ex. ¡No me la cambies!

41

how to form positive formal commands

yo form
drop "o"
add opposite ending for Usted or Ustedes form
ex. limpiar = limpie(n) o no limpie(n)
leer = lea(n) o no lea(n)
pedir = pida(n) o no pida(n)

41

sacar formal command

Saque(n)!

41

llegar formal command

Llegue(n)!

41

empezar formal command

Empiece(n)!

41

dar formal command

Dé(n)!

41

Dé(n)!

Give!

41

estar formal command

Esté(n)!

41

Esté(n)!

Be!

41

ir formal command

Vaya(n)!

41

Vaya(n)!

Go!

41

saber formal command

Sepa(n)!

41

Sepa(n)!

Know!

41

ser formal command

Sea(n)!

41

Sea(n)!

Be!

41

uses for preterit tense (4)
Curso Elemental pg. 349-350

1. specific event in the past
2. an act begun or completed in the past
3. sequence of events/actions in the past
4. action in a specific amount of time in the past

41

uses for the imperfect tense (5)
Curso Elemental pg. 349-350

habitual/repeated actions in the past
was/were-ing
background information
tell time
physical/emotional states

41

anoche
what verb tense?

last night
preterit

41

last night
what verb tense?

anoche
preterit

41

anteayer
what verb tense?

day before yesterday
preterit

41

day before yesterday
what verb tense?

anteayer
preterit

41

ayer
what verb tense?

yesterday
preterit

41

yesterday
what verb tense

ayer
preterit

41

competir

to compete

42

de repente
what verb tense?

suddenly
preterit

42

to compete

competir

43

suddenly
what verb tense?

de repente
preterit

43

entrenar

to train

44

el fin de semana pasado
what verb tense?

last weekend
preterit

44

to train

entrenar

45

last weekend
what verb tense?

el fin de semana pasado
preterit

45

ganar

to win

46

el lunes/martes/miercoles/etc. pasado
what verb tense?

last (day of the week)
preterit

46

to win

ganar

47

last (day of the week)
what verb tense?

el lunes/martes/miercoles/etc. pasado
preterit

47

bucear

to scuba dive

48

esta mañana
what verb tense?

that morning
preterit

48

to scuba dive

bucear

49

that morning
what verb tense?

esta mañana
preterit

49

coleccionar tarjetas de béisbol

to collect baseball cards

50

una vez/dos veces/etc
what verb tense?

one time/two times/etc
preterit

50

to collect baseball cards

coleccionar tarjetas de béisbol

51

one time/two times/etc
what verb tense?

una vez/dos veces/etc.
preterit

51

coser

to sew

52

a menudo
what verb tense?

immediately
imperfect

52

to sew

coser

53

immediately
what verb tense?

a menudo
imperfect

53

comentar en un blog

to post to a blog

54

cada semana/mes/año
what verb tense?

each week/month/year
imperfect

54

to post to a blog

comentar en un blog

55

each week/month/year
what verb tense

cada semana/mes/año
imperfect

55

decorar

to decorate

56

con frecuencia
what verb tense

with frequency
imperfect

56

to decorate

decorar

57

with frequency
what verb tense

con frecuencia
imperfect

57

hacer artesanía

to do crafts

58

de vez en cuando
what verb tense

once in a while
imperfect

58

to do crafts

hacer artesania

59

once in a while
what verb tense

de vez en cuando
imperfect

59

hacer jogging

to jog

60

frecuentemente
what verb tense?

frequently
imperfect

60

to jog

hacer jogging

61

frequently
what verb tense

frecuentemente
imperfect

61

hacer trabajo de carpintería

to do woodworking

62

mientras
what verb tense?

meanwhile
imperfect

62

to do woodworking

hacer trabajo de carpintería

63

meanwhile
what verb tense?

mientras
imperfect

63

ir de camping

to go camping

64

muchas veces
what verb tense?

many times
imperfect

64

to go camping

ir de camping

65

many times
what verb tense?

muchas veces
iimperfect

65

jugar al ajedrez

to play chess

66

siempre
what verb tense?

always, forever
imperfect

66

always, forever
what verb tense?

siempre
imperfect

66

todos los lunes/martes/etc.
what verb tense?

every Monday, Tuesday, etc.
imperfect

66

todas las semanas
what verb tense?

every week
imperfect

66

every Monday, Tuesday, etc.
what verb tense?

todos los lunes/martes/etc.
imperfect

66

every week
what verb tense?

todas las semanas
imperfect

66

todos los días/meses/años
what verb tense?

every day/month/year
imperfect

66

every day/month/year
what verb tense?

todos los días/meses/años
imperfect

66

Ojalá
what verb tense

Hopefully
subjunctive

66

quizá(s)
what verb tense

maybe, perhaps
subjunctive

66

pasear en barco de vela

to sail

67

Hopefully
what verb tense

Ojalá
subjunctive

67

to sail

pasear en barco de vela

68

maybe, perhaps (2)
what verb tense

quizá(s), acaso
subjunctive

68

acaso
what verb tense

perhaps, maybe
subjunctive

68

to fish

pescar

69

how to form nosotros commands

yo form
drop "o"
and opposite ending ex. ar = emos, er/ir = amos

69

pintar

to paint

70

Let's have/Let's make!

Hagamos!

70

to paint

pintar

71

Hagamos!

Let's have/let's make!

71

tejer

to knit

72

Let's put!

Pongamos!

72

to knit

tejer

73

Pongamos!

Let's put!

73

tirar un platillo volador

to play/throw a frisbee

74

Let's be! (ser)

Seamos!

74

to play/throw a frisbee

tirar un platillo volador

75

Seamos!

Let's be (ser)!

75

trabajar en el jardín

to garden

76

Traigamos!

Let's give!

76

to garden

trabajar en el jardín

77

Let's give!

Traigamos!

77

pelear(se)

to fight

78

Let's talk!

Digamos!

78

to fight

pelear(se)

79

Digamos!

Let's talk!

79

Let's go!

Vayamos!

79

Vayamos!

Let's go!

79

Let's hear!

Oigamos!

79

Oigamos!

Let's hear!

79

Let's go out/leave!

Salgamos!

79

Salgamos!

Let's go out/leave!

79

Let's practice!

Practiquemos!

79

Practiquemos!

Let's practice!

79

Let's play!

Juguemos!

79

Juguemos!

Let's play!

79

Let's begin!

Empecemos!

79

Empecemos!

Let's begin!

79

Let's sleep!

Durmamos!

79

Durmamos!

Let's sleep!

79

natación

swimming

80

Let's compete!

Compitamos!

80

swimming

natación

81

Compitamos!

Let's compete!

81

Let's (verb in infinitive)...!

Vamos a (verb in infinitive)...!

81

Vamos a (verb in infinitive)...!

Let's (verb in infinitive)...!

81

Let's not...!

No vayamos...!

81

No vayamos....!

Let's not...!

82

It's good/bad/better that....What verb tense?

Es bueno/malo/mejor que...Subjunctive

83

Es bueno/malo/mejor que...verb tense?

It's good/bad/better that...Subjunctive

84

Es importante que....What verb tense?

It's important that....Subjunctive

85

It's important that...What verb tense?

Es importante que...Subjunctive

86

Es increíble que...What verb tense?

It's incredible that...Subjunctive

87

It's incredible that...What verb tense?

Es increíble que...Subjunctive

88

Es una lástima que...What verb tense?

It's a pity that...Subjunctive

89

It's a pity that...What verb tense?

Es una lástima que...Subjunctive

90

It's necessary that...What verb tense?

Es necesario que....Subjunctive

91

Es necesario que...What verb tense?

It's necessary that...Subjunctive

92

Es preferible que...What verb tense?

It's preferable that....Subjunctive

93

It's preferable that...What verb tense?

Es preferible que...Subjunctive

94

Es raro que...What verb tense?

It's rare that...Subjunctive

95

It's rare that...What verb tense?

Es raro que...Subjunctive.

96

Es dudoso que...What verb tense?

It's doubtful that...Subjunctive

97

It's doubtful that...What verb tense?

Es dudoso que...Subjunctive

98

Es imposible que...What verb tense?

It's impossible that...Subjunctive

99

It's impossible that....What verb tense?

Es imposible que...Subjunctive

100

Es improbable que...What verb tense?

It's unlikely that...Subjunctive

101

It's unlikely that...What verb tense?

Es improbable que...Subjunctive

102

Es posible que....What verb tense?

It's possible that....Subjunctive

103

It's possible that...What verb tense?

Es posible que...Subjunctive

104

Es probable que...What verb tense?

It's likely that...Subjunctive

105

It's likely that...What verb tense?

Es probable que...Subjunctive

106

Ojalá (que)...What verb tense?

Let's hope (that)..../Hopefully....Subjunctive

107

Let's hope that..../Hopefully....What verb tense?

Ojalá que....Subjunctive

108

Subjunctive of "hay"

haya

109

Haya

subjunctive of "hay"

110

to discuss an action that began in the past but is still going on in the present

hace +period of time + que + present tense verb

111

to ask how long something has been going on

cuánto (tiempo) + hace + que + present tense verb

112

in the preterit to tell how long ago something happened (2)

hace + period of time + que + preterit verbor preterit verb + hace + period of time

113

to ask how long ago something happened

cuánto (tiempo) + hace + que + preterit verb

114

gastar

to waste

115

to waste

gastar

144

Es importante que...what verb tense?

It's important that....subjunctive

145

It's important that....what verb tense?

Es importante que...subjunctive

146

Es mejor que....what verb tense?

It's better that...subjunctive

147

It's better that...what verb tense?

Es mejor que....subjunctive

148

Es necesario que...what verb tense?

It's necessary that...subjunctive

149

It's necessary that...what verb tense?

Es necesario que...subjunctive

150

Es preferible que...what verb tense?

It's preferable that...subjunctive

151

It's preferable tha...what verb tense?

Es preferible que...subjunctive

215

to row

remar

216

use of estar

present state or condition
health
location
vivo o muerto
progressive tense (i am studying)

217

rules for ser

NOT
a state or condition
health
location
alive or dead
progressive tense

244

use of the subjunctive (10)

doubt;
emotions;
feelings;
hopes;
opinion;
probability;
recommendations;
requests (not demand);
volition/will;
wishes

270

esperar
with que what verb tense

to hope
subjunctive

271

to hope
with que what verb tense

esperar
subjunctive

272

exiger
with que what verb tense

to demand
subjunctive

273

to demand
with que what verb tense

exiger
subjunctive

274

to insist (on)
with que what verb tense

insister (en)
subjunctive

275

insister (en)
with que what verb tense

to insist (on)
subjunctive

276

necesitar
with que what verb tense

to need
subjunctive

277

to need
with que what verb tense

necesitar
subjunctive

278

preferir
with que what verb tense

to prefer
subjunctive

279

to prefer
with que what verb tense

preferir
subjunctive

280

prohibir
with que what verb tense

to prohibit
subjunctive

281

to prohibit
with que what verb tense

prohibir
subjunctive

282

querer
with que what verb tense

to want
to wish
subjunctive

283

to want
to wish
with que what verb tense

querer
subjunctive

284

recomendar
with que what verb tense

to recommend
subjunctive

285

to recommend (2)
with que what verb tense

recomendar
aconsejar
subjunctive

286

rogar
with que what verb tense

to beg
subjunctive

287

to beg
with que what verb tense

rogar
subjunctive

288

sugerir
with que what verb tense

to suggest
subjunctive

289

to suggest (2)
with que what verb tense

sugerir
proponer
subjunctive

298

aconsejar
with que what verb tense

to recommend
to advise
subjunctive

299

to recommend
to advise
with que what verb tense

aconsejar
subjunctive

300

desear
with que what verb tense

to wish
to desire
subjunctive

301

to wish
to desire
with que what verb tense

desear
subjunctive

302

pedir
with que what verb tense

to ask for
to request
subjunctive

303

to ask for
to request
with que what verb tense

pedir
subjunctive

304

proponer
with que what verb tense

to suggest
to propose
subjunctive

305

to suggest
to propose
with que what verb tense

proponer
subjunctive

306

mandar
with que what verb tense

to command
to order
subjunctive

307

to command
to order
with que what verb tense

mandar
subjunctive

308

es urgente que
what verb form?

it's urgent that...
subjunctive

309

when NOT to use subjunctive

when there is only one subject in the sentence
ie. I, you, he/she, we, youall, they wish something.
as opposed to I hope THAT you....

310

alegrarse de
with que what verb form?

to be happy about
subjunctive

311

to be happy about
with que what verb form?

alegrarse de
subjunctive

312

avergonzarse de
with que what verb form?

to feel/to be ashamed of
subjunctive

313

to feel/to be ashamed of
with que what verb form?

avergonzarse de
subjunctive

314

gustar
with que what verb form?

to like
subjunctive

315

to like
with que what verb form?

gustar
subjunctive

316

ser bueno/malo
with que what verb form?

to be good/bad
subjunctive

317

to be good/bad
with que what verb form?

ser bueno/malo
subjunctive

318

ser una lástima
with que what verb form?

to be a shame
subjunctive

319

to be a shame
with que what verb form?

ser una lástima
subjunctive

320

sentir
with que what verb form?

to regret
subjunctive

321

to regret
with que what verb form?

sentir
subjunctive

322

temer
with que what verb form?

to fear/to be afraid of
subjunctive

323

to fear/to be afraid of (2)
with que what verb form?

temer
tener miedo (de)
subjunctive

324

tener miedo (de)
with que what verb form?

to fear/to be afraid of
subjunctive

325

dudar
with que what verb form?

to doubt
subjunctive

326

to doubt
with que what verb form?

dudar
subjunctive

327

no creer
with que what verb form?

not to believe/not to think
subjunctive

328

not to believe/not to think
with que what verb form?

no creer
subjunctive

329

no estar seguro (de)
with que what verb form?

to be uncertain
subjunctive

330

to be uncertain
with que what verb form?

no estar seguro (de)
subjunctive

331

no pensar
with que what verb form?

not to think
subjunctive

332

not to think
with que what verb form?

pensar
subjunctive

333

ser dudoso

to be doubtful

334

to be doubtful

ser dudoso

335

ser probable

to be probable

336

to be probable

ser probable