Verbs Subjunctive "iffy" o conditional Flashcards Preview

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0

The indicative is related to certainty and objectivity, while the subjunctive is related to possibility and subjectivity.

The indicative is related to certainty and objectivity, while the subjunctive is related to possibility and subjectivity.

1

The other summaries have talked about tenses like the Future, Present, or the Preterite. Those tenses referred to real actions and events taking place in a specific time frame = indicative. They are in a category called the indicative mood.

However, the Subjunctive is quite different from this. It is not considered a tense, but a mood in its own.

While tenses refer to real actions and events, the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

Critican que el tenga un auto de lujo.
They criticize that he has a luxury car.

Si ellos fueran inteligentes, venderían la casa ahora. If they were intelligent, they would sell the house now.

The difference between the indicative mood and the subjunctive mood will be illustrated here.

This sentence reflects an actual fact that is going to happen in the future.

Él va a estudiar derecho el próximo año. He is going to Law School next year.

Now this sentence reflects how the speaker feels about a certain action that might take place in the future. In this sentence, the "subjunctive vaya" is used to express the subjectivity of the speaker.

Dudo que el vaya a estudiar derecho el próximo año. I doubt that he is going to Law School next year.

It can be inferred that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty, advice, doubt, subjectivity, hope, wishes, possibility, and more.

The indicative is related to certainty and objectivity, while the subjunctive is related to possibility and subjectivity.

When a sentence expresses certainty and objectivity in the first clause, it will take the indicative mood in the following clause.

But when the first clause expresses doubt and subjectivity, the second clause will be in the subjunctive mood. See these examples:

Indicative

Es seguro que voy a ir a Londres en junio. It is certain that I will go to London in June.

—certainty in the first clause, indicative mood in the second clause

Subjunctive

Es probable que vaya a Londres en junio. It is probable that I will go to London in June.

—uncertainty in the first clause, subjunctive in the second clause



The other summaries have talked about tenses like the Future, Present, or the Preterite. Those tenses referred to real actions and events taking place in a specific time frame. They are in a category called the indicative mood. However, the Subjunctive is quite different from this. It is not considered a tense, but a mood in its own. While tenses refer to real actions and events, the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to how the speaker feels about an action or event.

Critican que el tenga un auto de lujo.
They criticize that he has a luxury car.
Si ellos fueran inteligentes, venderían la casa ahora.
If they were intelligent, they would sell the house now.
The difference between the indicative mood and the subjunctive mood will be illustrated here.

This sentence reflects an actual fact that is going to happen in the future.

Él va a estudiar derecho el próximo año.
He is going to Law School next year.
Now this sentence reflects how the speaker feels about a certain action that might take place in the future. In this sentence, the subjunctive vaya is used to express the subjectivity of the speaker.

Dudo que el vaya a estudiar derecho el próximo año.
I doubt that he is going to Law School next year.
It can be inferred that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty, advice, doubt, subjectivity, hope, wishes, possibility, and more.

The indicative is related to certainty and objectivity, while the subjunctive is related to possibility and subjectivity.

When a sentence expresses certainty and objectivity in the first clause, it will take the indicative mood in the following clause. But when the first clause expresses doubt and subjectivity, the second clause will be in the subjunctive mood. See these examples:

Indicative

Es seguro que voy a ir a Londres en junio.
It is certain that I will go to London in June.
—certainty in the first clause, indicative mood in the second clause
Subjunctive

Es probable que vaya a Londres en junio
It is probable that I will go to London in June
—uncertainty in the first clause, subjunctive in the second clause
In Spanish, there are some phrases that help us recognize that a subjunctive will be used next. This is a complete list of the other smaller lists in this document.

Triggers for the Subjunctive
a menos que unless
antes (de) que before
con tal (de) que provided that
conviene que it is advisable that
cuando when
después (de) que after
dudar que to doubt that
en caso de que in case
en cuanto as soon as
es (una) lástima que it's a pity that
es aconsejable que it's advisable that
es bueno que it's good that
es difícil que it's unlikely that
es dudoso que it is doubtful that
es fantástico que it's fantastic that
es fácil que it's likely that
es importante que it's important that
es imposible que it's impossible that
es improbable que it's unlikely that
es incierto que it's uncertain that
es increíble que it's incredible that
es malo que it's bad that
es mejor que it's better that
es menester que it's necessary that
es necesario que it's necessary that
es posible que it's possible that
es preciso que it's necessary that
es preferible que it's preferable that
es probable que it's probable that
es raro que it's rare that
es ridículo que it's ridiculous that
es terrible que it's terrible that
esperar que to wish that
estar contento que to be happy that
hasta que until
insistir en que to insist that
mandar que to order that
mientras que while
más vale que it's better that
negar que to deny that
no creer que not to believe that
no es cierto que it's not certain that
no es verdad que it's not true that
no estar convencido de que to not be convinced that
no estar seguro de que to not be sure that
no imaginarse que to not imagine that
no parecer que to not seem that
no pensar que to not think that
no suponer que to not suppose that
ojalá que if only he would
para que in order that
pedir que to ask that
preferir que to prefer that
prohibir que to prohibit that
puede ser que it may be that
querer que to want that
recomendar que to recommend that
rogar que to plead that
sentir que to regret that
sin que without
sugerir que to suggest that
tan pronto como as soon as
temer que to fear that
tener miedo de que to be afraid that
Remember that the subjunctive is used when expressing an opinion, or uncertainty regarding a particular action or event.

The following list of expressions show the subjectivity of the speaker or the subject of the action, because they express a sense of desire. They are used with the subjunctive:

Subjectivity Triggers
es aconsejable que it is advisable that
es necesario que it is necessary that
esperar que to wish that
insistir en que to insist that
mandar que to order that
pedir que to ask that
preferir que to prefer that
prohibir que to prohibit that
querer que to want that
recomendar que to recommend that
rogar que to plead that
sugerir que to suggest that
Remember that the above phrases can be conjugated to apply them to each situation. See these examples:

Los miembros quieren prohibir que ella entre al salón.
The members want to prohibit that she enter the room.
Los profesores recomendaron que Lucía tome clases extra.
The teachers recommended that Lucia take some extra classes.
The subjunctive can also be used to express ignorance or doubt. This is a list of phrases and expressions in the subjunctive used to describe this aspect:

Triggers for Ignorance or Doubt
dudar que to doubt that
es dudoso que it is doubtful that
es improbable que it is unlikely that
es incierto que it is uncertain that
es posible que it is possible that
negar que to deny that
no creer que not to believe that
no es cierto que it is not certain that
no es verdad que it is not true that
no estar convencido de que to not be convinced that
no estar seguro de que to not be sure that
no imaginarse que to not imagine that
no parecer que to not seem that
no pensar que to not think that
no suponer que to not suppose that
puede ser que it may be that
temer que to suspect that
It is worth to repeat that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty and subjectivity. The following list of impersonal expressions and phrases are used in the subjunctive, and they express doubt and personal opinion:

Triggers for Doubt and Personal Opinion
conviene que it is advisable that
es (una) lástima que it is a shame that
es aconsejable que it is advisable that
es bueno que it is good that
es difícil que it is unlikely that
es dudoso que it is doubtful that
es fantástico que it is fantastic that
es fácil que it is likely that
es importante que it is important that
es imposible que it is impossible that
es improbable que it is unlikely that
es incierto que it is uncertain that
es increíble que it is incredible that
es malo que it is bad that
es mejor que it is better that
es menester que it is necessary that
es necesario que it is necessary that
es posible que it is possible that
es preciso que it is necessary that
es preferible que it is preferable that
es probable que it is likely that
es raro que it is rare that
es ridículo que it is ridiculous that
es terrible que it is terrible that
más vale que it is better that
ojalá que if only he would
puede ser que it could be that
See some examples of the above phrases in a subjunctive sentence.

Es incierto que ella vaya a graduarse este año.
It is uncertain that she will graduate this year.
Es una lástima que ellos no vengan con nosotros.
It is a shame that they will not come with us.
It is worth mentioning at this point some of the phrases that trigger the use of the indicative mood (present, past, future), because they emphasize the factual or objective aspect of the sentence:

Triggers for the Indicative
es evidente que it is certain that
es obvio que it is obvious that
es verdad que it's true that
no es dudoso que it is not doubtful that
no hay duda que there is no doubt that

2

Que le vaya bien: roughly "that all goes well"

Espero que le vaya bien: I hope he (she, It) does (goes) well

Que le vaya bien: roughly "that all goes well"

Espero que le vaya bien: I hope he (she, It) does (goes) well

3

va·ya ['baʝa]

irPresent Subjunctive 1st person sing.
irPresent Subjunctive 3rd person sing.
irImperative 3rd person sing.
interjection
1. (caramba)
translations
well, tut, well now, what on earth, whew, aye aye, man «Slang»
synonyms
Caramba, Idiay, Pues bien, Hombre, Ideay, Uf
definitions
Voz de satisfacción o de contrariedad con la que se comenta algo.
2. (cáspita) «Colloquial»
translations
wow «Slang», seriously
synonyms
Cáspita, Cáspitas, Puta «Vulgar», Chocho «Informal», A la gran puta «Slang», A la gran viuda «Familiar», A la puta «Slang», A la viuda «Familiar», Apa, Híjole «Informal», Joder «Slang», Ño «Colloquial», Saco «Slang», Sopas «Familiar», Vóitelas «Familiar»
3. (sí o no o tal vez o bien o mal o totalmente lo opuesto) «Colloquial»
translations
yes or no or maybe or good or bad, or totally the opposite
synonyms
Sí o no o tal vez o bien o mal o totalmente lo opuesto

va·ya ['baʝa]

irPresent Subjunctive 1st person sing.
irPresent Subjunctive 3rd person sing.
irImperative 3rd person sing.
interjection
1. (caramba)
translations
well, tut, well now, what on earth, whew, aye aye, man «Slang»
synonyms
Caramba, Idiay, Pues bien, Hombre, Ideay, Uf
definitions
Voz de satisfacción o de contrariedad con la que se comenta algo.
2. (cáspita) «Colloquial»
translations
wow «Slang», seriously
synonyms
Cáspita, Cáspitas, Puta «Vulgar», Chocho «Informal», A la gran puta «Slang», A la gran viuda «Familiar», A la puta «Slang», A la viuda «Familiar», Apa, Híjole «Informal», Joder «Slang», Ño «Colloquial», Saco «Slang», Sopas «Familiar», Vóitelas «Familiar»
3. (sí o no o tal vez o bien o mal o totalmente lo opuesto) «Colloquial»
translations
yes or no or maybe or good or bad, or totally the opposite
synonyms
Sí o no o tal vez o bien o mal o totalmente lo opuesto

4

The other summaries have talked about tenses like the Future, Present, or the Preterite. Those tenses referred to real actions and events taking place in a specific time frame = indicative. They are in a category called the indicative mood.

However, the Subjunctive is quite different from this. It is not considered a tense, but a mood in its own.

While tenses refer to real actions and events, the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.


The difference between the indicative mood and the subjunctive mood will be illustrated here.

This sentence reflects an actual fact that is going to happen in the future.

Él va a estudiar derecho el próximo año: He is going to Law School next year.

Now this sentence reflects how the speaker feels about a certain action that might take place in the future. In this sentence, the "subjunctive vaya" is used to express the subjectivity of the speaker.



It can be inferred that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty, advice, doubt, subjectivity, hope, wishes, possibility, and more.

The indicative is related to certainty and objectivity, while the subjunctive is related to possibility and subjectivity.

When a sentence expresses certainty and objectivity in the first clause, it will take the indicative mood in the following clause.

But when the first clause expresses doubt and subjectivity, the second clause will be in the subjunctive mood. See these examples:

Indicative

Es seguro que voy a ir a Londres en junio: It is certain that I will go to London in June.

—certainty in the first clause, indicative mood in the second clause

Subjunctive

Es probable que vaya a Londres en junio: It is probable that I will go to London in June.

—uncertainty in the first clause, subjunctive in the second clause

In Spanish, there are some phrases that help us recognize that a subjunctive will be used next. This is a complete list of the other smaller lists in this document.

The other summaries have talked about tenses like the Future, Present, or the Preterite. Those tenses referred to real actions and events taking place in a specific time frame = indicative. They are in a category called the indicative mood.

However, the Subjunctive is quite different from this. It is not considered a tense, but a mood in its own.

While tenses refer to real actions and events, the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

Critican que el tenga un auto de lujo: They criticize that he has a luxury car.

Si ellos fueran inteligentes, venderían la casa ahora: If they were intelligent, they would sell the house now.

The difference between the indicative mood and the subjunctive mood will be illustrated here.

This sentence reflects an actual fact that is going to happen in the future.

Él va a estudiar derecho el próximo año: He is going to Law School next year.

Now this sentence reflects how the speaker feels about a certain action that might take place in the future. In this sentence, the "subjunctive vaya" is used to express the subjectivity of the speaker.

Dudo que el vaya a estudiar derecho el próximo año: I doubt that he is going to Law School next year.

It can be inferred that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty, advice, doubt, subjectivity, hope, wishes, possibility, and more.

The indicative is related to certainty and objectivity, while the subjunctive is related to possibility and subjectivity.

When a sentence expresses certainty and objectivity in the first clause, it will take the indicative mood in the following clause.

But when the first clause expresses doubt and subjectivity, the second clause will be in the subjunctive mood. See these examples:

Indicative

Es seguro que voy a ir a Londres en junio: It is certain that I will go to London in June.

—certainty in the first clause, indicative mood in the second clause

Subjunctive

Es probable que vaya a Londres en junio: It is probable that I will go to London in June.

—uncertainty in the first clause, subjunctive in the second clause

In Spanish, there are some phrases that help us recognize that a subjunctive will be used next. This is a complete list of the other smaller lists in this document.

Triggers for the Subjunctive:

a menos que: unless

antes (de) que: before

con tal (de) que: provided that

conviene que: it is advisable that

cuando: when

después (de) que: after

dudar que: to doubt that

en caso de que: in case

en cuanto: as soon as

es (una) lástima que: it's a pity that

es aconsejable que: it's advisable that

es bueno que: it's good that

es difícil que: it's unlikely that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es fantástico que: it's fantastic that

es fácil que: it's likely that

es importante que: it's important that

es imposible que: it's impossible that

es improbable que: it's unlikely that

es incierto que: it's uncertain that

es increíble que: it's incredible that

es malo que: it's bad that

es mejor que: it's better that

es menester que: it's necessary that

es necesario que: it's necessary that
es posible que: it's possible that

es preciso que: it's necessary that

es preferible que: it's preferable that

es probable que : it's probable that

es raro que: it's rare that

es ridículo que: it's ridiculous that

es terrible que: it's terrible that

esperar que: to wish that

estar contento que: to be happy that

hasta que: until

insistir en que: to insist that

mandar que: to order that

mientras que: while

más vale que: it's better that

negar que: to deny that

no creer que: not to believe that
no es cierto que: it's not certain that

no es verdad que: it's not true that

no estar convencido de que: to not be convinced that

no estar seguro de que: to not be sure that
no imaginarse que: to not imagine that

no parecer que: to not seem that

no pensar que: to not think that

no suponer que: to not suppose that

ojalá que: if only he would

para que: in order that

pedir que: to ask that

preferir que: to prefer that

prohibir que: to prohibit that

puede ser que: it may be that

querer que: to want that

recomendar que: to recommend that

rogar que: to plead that

sentir que: to regret that

sin que: without

sugerir que: to suggest that

tan pronto como: as soon as

temer que: to fear that

tener miedo de que: to be afraid that

Remember that the subjunctive is used when expressing an opinion, or uncertainty regarding a particular action or event.

The following list of expressions show the subjectivity of the speaker or the subject of the action, because they express a sense of desire. They are used with the subjunctive:

Subjectivity Triggers:

es aconsejable que: it is advisable that
es necesario que: it is necessary that
esperar que : to wish that
insistir en que: to insist that
mandar que: to order that
pedir que: to ask that
preferir que: to prefer that
prohibir que: to prohibit that
querer que: to want that
recomendar que: to recommend that
rogar que: to plead that
sugerir que: to suggest that

Remember that the above phrases can be conjugated to apply them to each situation. See these examples:

Los miembros quieren prohibir que ella entre al salón: The members want to prohibit that she enter the room.

Los profesores recomendaron que Lucía tome clases extra: The teachers recommended that Lucia take some extra classes.

The subjunctive can also be used to express ignorance or doubt. This is a list of phrases and expressions in the subjunctive used to describe this aspect:

Triggers for Ignorance or Doubt:

dudar que: to doubt that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es improbable que: it is unlikely that

es incierto que: it is uncertain that

es posible que: it is possible that

negar que: to deny that

no creer que: not to believe that

no es cierto que: it is not certain that

no es verdad que: it is not true that

no estar convencido de que: to not be convinced that

no estar seguro de que: to not be sure that

no imaginarse que: to not imagine that

no parecer que: to not seem that

no pensar que: to not think that

no suponer que: to not suppose that

puede ser que: it may be that

temer que: to suspect that

It is worth to repeat that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty and subjectivity.

The following list of impersonal expressions and phrases are used in the subjunctive, and they express doubt and personal opinion:

Triggers for Doubt and Personal Opinion:

conviene que: it is advisable that

es (una) lástima que: it is a shame that

es aconsejable que: it is advisable that

es bueno que: it is good that

es difícil que: it is unlikely that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es fantástico que: it is fantastic that

es fácil que: it is likely that

es importante que: it is important that

es imposible que: it is impossible that

es improbable que: it is unlikely that

es incierto que: it is uncertain that

es increíble que: it is incredible that

es malo que: it is bad that

es mejor que: it is better that

es menester que: it is necessary that

es necesario que: it is necessary that

es posible que: it is possible that

es preciso que: it is necessary that

es preferible que: it is preferable that

es probable que: it is likely that

es raro que: it is rare that

es ridículo que: it is ridiculous that

es terrible que: it is terrible that
más vale que: it is better that

ojalá que: if only he would

puede ser que: it could be that

See some examples of the above phrases in a subjunctive sentence.

Es incierto que ella vaya a graduarse este año: It is uncertain that she will graduate this year.

Es una lástima que ellos no vengan con nosotros: It is a shame that they will not come with us.

It is worth mentioning at this point some of the phrases that trigger the use of the indicative mood (present, past, future), because they emphasize the factual or objective aspect of the sentence:

Triggers for the Indicative:

es evidente que: it is certain that
es obvio que: it is obvious that
es verdad que: it's true that
no es dudoso que: it is not doubtful that
no hay duda que: there is no doubt that

5

: They criticize that he has a luxury car.

the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

Critican que el tenga un auto de lujo: They criticize that he has a luxury car.

the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

6

: If they were intelligent, they would sell the house now.



the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

Si ellos fueran inteligentes, venderían la casa ahora: If they were intelligent, they would sell the house now.

the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

7

: I doubt that he is going to Law School next year.



the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

Dudo que el vaya a estudiar derecho el próximo año: I doubt that he is going to Law School next year.





the Subjunctive is a mood, and it refers to "how the speaker feels" about an action or event.

8

Subjunctive

: It is probable that I will go to London in June.

—uncertainty in the first clause, subjunctive in the second clause

Subjunctive

Es probable que vaya a Londres en junio: It is probable that I will go to London in June.

—uncertainty in the first clause, subjunctive in the second clause

9

: unless

: before

: provided that

a menos que: unless

antes (de) que: before

con tal (de) que: provided that

10

: it is advisable that

: when

: after

conviene que: it is advisable that

cuando: when

después (de) que: after

11

: to doubt that

: in case

: as soon as

dudar que: to doubt that

en caso de que: in case

en cuanto: as soon as

12

: it's a pity that

: it's advisable that

: it's good that

es (una) lástima que: it's a pity that

es aconsejable que: it's advisable that

es bueno que: it's good that

13

it's unlikely that

: it's unlikely that

: it is doubtful that

: it's fantastic that

es difícil que: it's unlikely that

es improbable que: it's unlikely that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es fantástico que: it's fantastic that

14

: it's likely that

: it's important that

: it's impossible that

es fácil que: it's likely that

es importante que: it's important that

es imposible que: it's impossible that

15

: it's uncertain that

: it's incredible that

: it's bad that

es incierto que: it's uncertain that

es increíble que: it's incredible that

es malo que: it's bad that

16

: it's better that

: it's necessary that

: it's necessary that

es mejor que: it's better that

es menester que: it's necessary that

es necesario que: it's necessary that

17

: it's possible that

: it's necessary that

: it's preferable that

es posible que: it's possible that

es preciso que: it's necessary that

es preferible que: it's preferable that

18

: it's probable that

: it's rare that

: it's ridiculous that

es probable que : it's probable that

es raro que: it's rare that

es ridículo que: it's ridiculous that

19

: it's terrible that

: to wish that

: to be happy that

es terrible que: it's terrible that

esperar que: to wish that

estar contento que: to be happy that

20

: until

: to insist that

: to order that

hasta que: until

insistir en que: to insist that

mandar que: to order that

21

: while

: it's better that

: to deny that

mientras que: while

más vale que: it's better that

negar que: to deny that

22

: not to believe that

: it's not certain that

: it's not true that

no creer que: not to believe that

no es cierto que: it's not certain that

no es verdad que: it's not true that

23

: to not be convinced that

: to not be sure that

: to not imagine that

no estar convencido de que: to not be convinced that

no estar seguro de que: to not be sure that

no imaginarse que: to not imagine that

24

: to not seem that

: to not think that

: to not suppose that

no parecer que: to not seem that

no pensar que: to not think that

no suponer que: to not suppose that

25

: if only he would

: in order that

: to ask that

ojalá que: if only he would

ojalá que si:

para que: in order that

pedir que: to ask that

26

: to prefer that

: to prohibit that

: it may be that

preferir que: to prefer that

prohibir que: to prohibit that

puede ser que: it may be that

27

: to want that

: to recommend that

: to plead that

querer que: to want that

recomendar que: to recommend that

rogar que: to plead that

28

: to regret that

: without

: to suggest that

sentir que: to regret that

sin que: without

sugerir que: to suggest that

29

: as soon as

: to fear that

: to be afraid that

tan pronto como: as soon as

temer que: to fear that

tener miedo de que: to be afraid that

30

Triggers for Ignorance or Doubt:

: to doubt that

: it is doubtful that

: it is unlikely that

Triggers for Ignorance or Doubt:

dudar que: to doubt that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es improbable que: it is unlikely that

31

: it is advisable that

: it is necessary that

: to wish that

es aconsejable que: it is advisable that

es necesario que: it is necessary that

esperar que : to wish that

32

: to insist that

: to order that

: to ask that

insistir en que: to insist that

mandar que: to order that

pedir que: to ask that

33

: to prefer that

: to prohibit that

: to want that

: to prefer that

: to prohibit that

: to want that

34

: to recommend that

: to plead that

: to suggest that

recomendar que: to recommend that

rogar que: to plead that

sugerir que: to suggest that

35

: to doubt that

: it is doubtful that

: it is unlikely that

dudar que: to doubt that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es improbable que: it is unlikely that

36

: it is uncertain that

: it is possible that

: to deny that

es incierto que: it is uncertain that

es posible que: it is possible that

negar que: to deny that

37

: not to believe that

: it is not certain that

: it is not true that

no creer que: not to believe that

no es cierto que: it is not certain that

no es verdad que: it is not true that

38

: to not be convinced that

: to not be sure that

: to not imagine that

no estar convencido de que: to not be convinced that

no estar seguro de que: to not be sure that

no imaginarse que: to not imagine that

39

: it is advisable that

: it is a shame that

: it is advisable that

conviene que: it is advisable that

es (una) lástima que: it is a shame that

es aconsejable que: it is advisable that

40

: it is good that

: it is unlikely that

: it is doubtful that

es bueno que: it is good that

es difícil que: it is unlikely that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

41

: it is fantastic that

: it is likely that

: it is important that

es fantástico que: it is fantastic that

es fácil que: it is likely that

es importante que: it is important that

42

: it is impossible that

: it is unlikely that

: it is uncertain that

es imposible que: it is impossible that

es improbable que: it is unlikely that

es incierto que: it is uncertain that

43

: it is incredible that

: it is bad that

: it is better that

es increíble que: it is incredible that

es malo que: it is bad that

es mejor que: it is better that

44

: it is necessary that

: it is necessary that

: it is possible that

es menester que: it is necessary that

es necesario que: it is necessary that

es posible que: it is possible that

45

: unless

: before

: provided that

a menos que: unless

antes (de) que: before

con tal (de) que: provided that

46

: to not seem that

: to not think that

: to not suppose that

no parecer que: to not seem that

no pensar que: to not think that

no suponer que: to not suppose that

47

: it is necessary that

: it is preferable that

: it is likely that

es preciso que: it is necessary that

es preferible que: it is preferable that

es probable que: it is likely that

48

: it may be that

: to suspect that

puede ser que: it may be that

temer que: to suspect that

49

: it is rare that

: it is ridiculous that

: it is terrible that

: it is better that

es raro que: it is rare that

es ridículo que: it is ridiculous that

es terrible que: it is terrible that
más vale que: it is better that

50

: if only he would

: it could be that

ojalá que: if only he would

puede ser que: it could be that

51

: It is uncertain that she will graduate this year.

: It is a shame that they will not come with us.

Es incierto que ella vaya a graduarse este año: It is uncertain that she will graduate this year.

Es una lástima que ellos no vengan con nosotros: It is a shame that they will not come with us.

53

Triggers for the Indicative:

: it is certain that
: it is obvious that
: it's true that
: it is not doubtful that
: there is no doubt that

Triggers for the Indicative:

es evidente que: it is certain that
es obvio que: it is obvious that
es verdad que: it's true that
no es dudoso que: it is not doubtful that
no hay duda que: there is no doubt that

96

Triggers for the Subjunctive:

Remember that the subjunctive is used when expressing an opinion, or uncertainty regarding a particular action or event.

The following list of expressions show the subjectivity of the speaker or the subject of the action, because they express a sense of desire. They are used with the subjunctive:

Subjectivity Triggers:



Remember that the above phrases can be conjugated to apply them to each situation. See these examples:

Los miembros quieren prohibir que ella entre al salón: The members want to prohibit that she enter the room.

Los profesores recomendaron que Lucía tome clases extra: The teachers recommended that Lucia take some extra classes.

The subjunctive can also be used to express ignorance or doubt. This is a list of phrases and expressions in the subjunctive used to describe this aspect:

It is worth to repeat that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty and subjectivity.


It is worth mentioning at this point some of the phrases that trigger the use of the indicative mood (present, past, future), because they emphasize the factual or objective aspect of the sentence:


Triggers for the Subjunctive:

conviene que: it is advisable that

cuando: when

después (de) que: after

dudar que: to doubt that

en caso de que: in case

en cuanto: as soon as

es (una) lástima que: it's a pity that

es aconsejable que: it's advisable that

es bueno que: it's good that

es difícil que: it's unlikely that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es fantástico que: it's fantastic that

es fácil que: it's likely that

es importante que: it's important that

es imposible que: it's impossible that

es improbable que: it's unlikely that

es incierto que: it's uncertain that

es increíble que: it's incredible that

es malo que: it's bad that

es mejor que: it's better that

es menester que: it's necessary that

es necesario que: it's necessary that
es posible que: it's possible that

es preciso que: it's necessary that

es preferible que: it's preferable that

es probable que : it's probable that

es raro que: it's rare that

es ridículo que: it's ridiculous that

es terrible que: it's terrible that

esperar que: to wish that

estar contento que: to be happy that

hasta que: until

insistir en que: to insist that

mandar que: to order that

mientras que: while

más vale que: it's better that

negar que: to deny that

no creer que: not to believe that
no es cierto que: it's not certain that

no es verdad que: it's not true that

no estar convencido de que: to not be convinced that

no estar seguro de que: to not be sure that
no imaginarse que: to not imagine that

no parecer que: to not seem that

no pensar que: to not think that

no suponer que: to not suppose that

ojalá que: if only he would

para que: in order that

pedir que: to ask that

preferir que: to prefer that

prohibir que: to prohibit that

puede ser que: it may be that

querer que: to want that

recomendar que: to recommend that

rogar que: to plead that

sentir que: to regret that

sin que: without

sugerir que: to suggest that

tan pronto como: as soon as

temer que: to fear that

tener miedo de que: to be afraid that

Remember that the subjunctive is used when expressing an opinion, or uncertainty regarding a particular action or event.

The following list of expressions show the subjectivity of the speaker or the subject of the action, because they express a sense of desire. They are used with the subjunctive:

Subjectivity Triggers:

es aconsejable que: it is advisable that
es necesario que: it is necessary that
esperar que : to wish that
insistir en que: to insist that
mandar que: to order that
pedir que: to ask that
preferir que: to prefer that
prohibir que: to prohibit that
querer que: to want that
recomendar que: to recommend that
rogar que: to plead that
sugerir que: to suggest that

Remember that the above phrases can be conjugated to apply them to each situation. See these examples:

Los miembros quieren prohibir que ella entre al salón: The members want to prohibit that she enter the room.

Los profesores recomendaron que Lucía tome clases extra: The teachers recommended that Lucia take some extra classes.

The subjunctive can also be used to express ignorance or doubt. This is a list of phrases and expressions in the subjunctive used to describe this aspect:


es incierto que: it is uncertain that

es posible que: it is possible that

negar que: to deny that

no creer que: not to believe that

no es cierto que: it is not certain that

no es verdad que: it is not true that

no estar convencido de que: to not be convinced that

no estar seguro de que: to not be sure that

no imaginarse que: to not imagine that

no parecer que: to not seem that

no pensar que: to not think that

no suponer que: to not suppose that

puede ser que: it may be that

temer que: to suspect that

It is worth to repeat that the subjunctive is used to express uncertainty and subjectivity.

The following list of impersonal expressions and phrases are used in the subjunctive, and they express doubt and personal opinion:

Triggers for Doubt and Personal Opinion:

conviene que: it is advisable that

es (una) lástima que: it is a shame that

es aconsejable que: it is advisable that

es bueno que: it is good that

es difícil que: it is unlikely that

es dudoso que: it is doubtful that

es fantástico que: it is fantastic that

es fácil que: it is likely that

es importante que: it is important that

es imposible que: it is impossible that

es improbable que: it is unlikely that

es incierto que: it is uncertain that

es increíble que: it is incredible that

es malo que: it is bad that

es mejor que: it is better that

es menester que: it is necessary that

es necesario que: it is necessary that

es posible que: it is possible that

es preciso que: it is necessary that

es preferible que: it is preferable that

es probable que: it is likely that

es raro que: it is rare that

es ridículo que: it is ridiculous that

es terrible que: it is terrible that
más vale que: it is better that

ojalá que: if only he would

puede ser que: it could be that

See some examples of the above phrases in a subjunctive sentence.

Es incierto que ella vaya a graduarse este año: It is uncertain that she will graduate this year.

Es una lástima que ellos no vengan con nosotros: It is a shame that they will not come with us.

It is worth mentioning at this point some of the phrases that trigger the use of the indicative mood (present, past, future), because they emphasize the factual or objective aspect of the sentence:

Triggers for the Indicative:

es evidente que: it is certain that
es obvio que: it is obvious that
es verdad que: it's true that
no es dudoso que: it is not doubtful that
no hay duda que: there is no doubt that