VERTEBRAL COLUMN/SPINAL COLUMN - General organization of a vertebra Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > VERTEBRAL COLUMN/SPINAL COLUMN - General organization of a vertebra > Flashcards

Flashcards in VERTEBRAL COLUMN/SPINAL COLUMN - General organization of a vertebra Deck (19):
1

What are the three basic osseous parts of a vertebra?

the vertebral body, vertebral arch, and the apophyseal regions

2

What is the general shape of the vertebral body at each region of the spine?

cervical - rectangular; thoracic - triangular; lumbar - reniform

3

What is the name given to the compact bone at the superior and inferior surfaces of the vertebral body?

superior epiphyseal rim, inferior epiphyseal rim

4

What is the name given to the cartilage found at the superior and inferior surface of a developing vertebral body?

superior epiphyseal plate, inferior epiphyseal plate

5

What large opening is usually observed at the back of the vertebral body?

the basivertebral venous foramen

6

What is the semicircular region of bone attached to the back of the vertebral body called?

vertebral arch

7

What is the name given to the anterior part of the vertebral arch?

the pedicle

8

What is the name given to the intermediate part of the vertebral arch where the transverse process and articular processes attach?

the lamina-pedicle junction

9

What is the name of the feature located at the upper and lower surfaces of the pedicle?

the superior vertebral notch or superior vertebral incisure;
the inferior vertebral notch or inferior vertebrl incisure

10

What is the generic orientation of the pedicle at each region of the spine?

cervical - poserolateral
thoracic - posterior, slight lateral
lumbar - posterior

11

All lamina are oriented in what direction>?

posterior and median

12

What is the name given to the overlap of laminae seen on Xray?

shingling

13

What ligament will attach to the lamina?

the ligamentum flavum

14

What is the name given to abnormal bone at the attachment site of the ligamentum flavum?

para-articular process

15

What classification of bone will para-articular processes represent?

accessory bone

16

What is the name given to the lamina-pedicle junction at each region of the spin?

cervical - articular pillar
thoracic and lumbar - pars interarticularis

17

What is the name given to the junction of the vertebral arch - spinous process on lateral xray?

the spinolaminar junction

18

What is the name given to the tubular bone growth regions of the vertebral arch?

the apophyseal regions

19

What names may be given to each apophysis of the spine?

the transverse apophysis or transverse process
articular apophysis or articular process
spinous apophysis or spinous process