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Flashcards in Vertebrate Pests Deck (40):
1

Hantavirus is carried largely by:
A. Skunks.
B. Deer mice.
C. Squirrels.
D. Pocket gophers.

B

2

Bats can carry:
A. Rabies.
B. Measles.
C. Chickenpox.
D. Psoriasis.

A

3

Bait shyness in rodents:
A. Occurs when the bait odor is not attractive.
B. Occurs because human odors are present on the bait.
C. Occurs if the bait does not look right.
D. Is commonly a problem when inadequate control with an acute toxicant was not achieved after the first baiting.

D

4

Norway rats have:
A. Pointed noses.
B. Large ears.
C. Small ears.
D. A tail that is longer than the head and body.

C

5

Snap traps for rodents such as mice should be:
A. Placed parallel to a wall.
B. Placed perpendicular to a wall with the trigger next to the wall.
C. Placed perpendicular to a wall with the trigger away from the wall.
D. 1-2 inches away from a wall.

B

6

Why do rats gnaw on wires?
a. For Nesting Material
b. To wear down their teeth
c. They like the feel of the electricity
d. because the wires are in their way

B

7

When baiting Gophers the most effective method is to...
a. place the bait on the surface near the mound
b. place the bait in the main tunnel system
c. place the bait inside the tunnel near the mound just past the plug
d. place baits in the mound dirt.

B

8

(True or False)
Gophers hibernate during the winter months.

FALSE

9

(True or False)
Pocket gophers clip off roots underground and may pull whole seedlings underground.

TRUE

10

Which statement about gophers is true?
A. Gophers are only active at night
B. When feeding on the surface, gophers only venture about a body length from their hole
C. Gophers leave lots of open holes to their burrows to allow plenty of ventilation.
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

B

11

(True or False)
All Snakes are predators.

TRUE

12

Which statement about rats is true?
A. Rats are very curious and will explore and inspect new items.
B. Rats are poor swimmers and can only stay afloat for a few minutes
C. Rats are nervous and suspicious of new items.
D. None of the above

C

13

Which Rats tail is longer than its body?
A. Roof Rat
B. Norway Rat
C. Pack Rat
D. None of the above

A

14

What is generally considered the smallest hole a rat can squeeze through as an adult?
A. 1/4 inch
B. 1/2 inch
C. 3/4 inch
D 1 inch

B

15

What is generally considered the smallest hole a mouse can squeeze through as an adult?
A. 1/16 inch
B. 1/8 inch
C. 1/4 inch
D 1/2 inch

C

16

Which statement about mice is true?
A. Mice are very curious and will explore and inspect new items.
B. Mice hibernate during the winter
C. Mice are nervous and suspicious of new items.
D. Mice reproduce 4 times a year

A

17

Bat droppings differ from rodent droppings in that they:
A. Lack pieces of hair
B. Contain shiny cuticles from insects they have eaten
C. Vary in size
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

D

18

How many types of poisonous snakes do we have in Washington?
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

A (western or prairie rattler, mainly western Washington)

19

(True or False) Moles are territorial so they DON'T inhabit abandoned tunnels.

FALSE (They are competitive and territorial, but will inhabit abandoned tunnels)

20

What do moles eat?
a. leaves
b. Grubs, worms, insects, and some plant roots
c. other moles
d. dirt

B (The point of this question is that they DO eat some plants, it just doesn't make up a large portion of their diet)

21

(True or False) The eyes of deer mice appear larger than those of house mice.

True

22

House mice eat foods high in fat, protein, and sugar such as:
a. cheese
b. peanut butter
c. potatoes

B

23

(True or False) The first step in vertebrate management is to set out the bait or trap.

False (The first step in pest management is to identify the pest.)

24

Ultraviolet light is useful in detecting:
a. burrow locations.
b. urine stains.
c. rub marks.

B

25

Peak times of rodent activity are:
a. early afternoon and after dusk.
b. just before sunrise and just after sunset.
c. late morning and early evening.

B

26

(True or False) Hantavirus can spread via the urine, saliva, and nesting materials of deer mice.

True

27

(True or False) Trichinosis spreads by flea and chigger bites.

False (Trichinosis is a round worm that can develop in swine. The infested swine meat can infect humans who eat undercooked pork.)

28

Norway rats tend to live in:
a. trees, attics, and wall voids.
b. kitchen pantries and cupboards.
c. basements and under foundation walls.

C

29

In comparison to Norway rats, roof rats exhibit:
a. larger eyes and ears.
b. blunt noses.
c. shorter tails.

A

30

Meadow mice are:
a. commonly found in urban areas.
b. primary carrier of hantavirus
c. more commonly pests of orchards.

C

31

(True or False) Single-dose rodenticides may be more hazardous, because there are no antidotes available in the case of serious exposure.

True

32

Bait may be insufficient to control rodents because:
a. dominant individuals often eat it all.
b. rodents may develop resistance.
c. the bait bay be of poor quality.
d. all of the above.

D

33

Tracking powders are particularly useful for controlling:
a. roof rats
b. deer mice
c. house mice

C

34

If rodents prove difficult to control, it is recommended to:
a. match the taste of the bait to cheese.
b. set unbaited traps in their runways.
c. tilt the traps at a 45 degree angle against walls.

B (This is called pre-baiting and lets the rodents get used to the traps in their environment)

35

Birds that are fully protected by the law include:
a. crows
b. woodpeckers
c. starlings

B

36

(True or False) Exclusion is recommended to control cavity-nesting birds at any time.

False (we would not want to seal birds inside or keep them from coming back to their babies)

37

(True or False) Pocket gophers are found only in western Washington.

False

38

(True or False) Adult moles can be controlled by flooding tunnels.

True

39

(True or False) Trapping is both an effective and legal method for controlling moles in Washington.

False (not legal)

40

Bat droppings are characterized as
a.brownish-gray color with blunt tips.
b. crumbling easily and having a shiny cuticle.
c. fairly hard and pellet-shaped

B