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Flashcards in VFR Deck (65):
1

Requirement for runway closure ?

If more than 1220 ft = marking at both end, intervals 300 ft.
If runway between 450-1220 m = 3 markings.
If runway less than 450 m = 2 markings.
This does not apply if closed for less than 24 hours.

2

What are airports ?

They are used for scheduled air transportation and located within built up area.

3

What is part VII ?

Commercial operations

4

When do you need a commercial operator certificate ?

To carry pax
External load B, C, D
Towing objects
Dispersal of products

5

When can you do dispersal of products without com certificate ?

If you are a farmer
Own the aircraft
And within 25 mm of the farm

6

What is part VII subpart 2 ?

Aerial work that involves:
Carrying pax
External load
Towing objects
Dispersal of products

7

When can you carry pax in aerial work ?

When pax essential for operation.
Authorized to do parachute.
Or authorized to carry persons.

8

When are you authorized to leave a heli in flight ?

At low hover.
Alight directly onto supporting surface.
Authorized by certificate.
Enable hoist or rappelling which as to comply with external D.

9

What is part VII Subpart 3 ?
And to what type of machine does it apply ?

Air taxi ops which involve:
Air transport service
And sightseeing.

In single or multi engine with less than 9 pax.
And multi engine heli in VFR with one pilot.

10

Where can you do scheduled air service ?

Between airport and heliports unless authorized for aerodrome.

11

How much fuel do you need in air taxi heli day and night VFR ?

20 mins for day VFR
And 30 mins night VFR
"Canadian consider night as IFR"

12

Are you allowed to simulate emergency with pax ?

No

13

What is part VII subpart 4 ?

Commuter ops which involves:
Air transport service or sightseeing in multiengine heli of 10 pax or more. Unless certified for one pilot and in VFR (air taxi)

14

Can you fly formation flight in com ops ?

Yes

15

Where do you need to use true tack for flight ?

Northern domestic airspace.

16

Where do you need to use magnetic track for flight ?

Southern domestic airspace.

17

What is needed at an aerodrome if you want to land at night ?

Lights

18

For offshore operation what other thing do you need to check before flight ?

Sea state good for ditching

19

When do you need a EUBA ?

When operating offshore.

20

When do you need to file a VFR flight plan or VFR flight itinerary?

When more than 25 mm.

21

Where can you file an itinerary flight plan ?

With a responsible person, ATC, FSS or community aerodrome station.
Need to make sure it has been received.

22

When and how do you need to close a VFR flight plan ?

No later than SAR indicated time.
If not SAR time filed no later than 1 hour after ETA.

23

When do you need to close a VFR flight itinerary ?

No later than SAR time indicated or no later than 24 hours form ETA.

24

Which direction do you need to turn to at aerodrome ?

Left traffic unless specified

25

What do you do for communication failure in VFR ?

If in B, C, D:
Leave airspace, if control zone by landing.
If not control zone shortest route.
Squawk 7600
Inform ATC if possible.

26

What do you need to do when operating in or into ADIZ zone ?

File flight plan anyway
Indicate when crossing ADIZ
Let ATC know if not crossing within 5 mins of estimated crossing time.

27

At which altitude do you need to change transponder code ? And what code ?

12500 ft MSL
1400

28

What are the required documents to fly ?

Airworthiness
Registration
Licence
Journey log
Radio operator certificate
Proof of insurance

29

Ceiling definition ?

Lowest cloud layer for more than half the sky.

30

Size of control area extension ?

Low level airspace extending upward from 2200 ft AGL.

31

Control zone ?

Extends upward from surface up to 3000 ft AAE.

32

What are the FIC frequency ?

123.275
123.375
123.475
123.55

33

What is com check 1 ?

Unreadable

34

What is com check 2 ?

Readable now and then

35

What is com check 3 ?

Readable with difficulty

36

What is com check 4 ?

Readable and...

37

What is com check 5 ?

Perfectly clear.

38

What are common Unicom frequencies ?

122.7/122.725/122.75/122.775/122.8/122.825/122.95/123.0/123.35/122.5

39

What is CAVOK ?

No clouds below 5000 ft or below MSA whichever is higher.
No cumulonimbus.
No precipitation
No thunderstorms
No shallow fog or snow

40

When do you need shoulder harnesses?

For external load
Aerial application and inspection

41

When do you need a cockpit voice recorder ?

In multiengine turbine powered for 6 or more pax with 2 pilots required.

42

When do flight data recorder need to be used ?

Start of takeoff to completion of landing

43

When do voice recorder need to be used ?

Master switch on before flight to off after flight.

44

Can you operate without flight data recorder or voice recorder not working with MEL ?

Have to check the MEL

45

Can you operate without flight data recorder with no MEL ?

Yes for no more than 90 days if voice recorder is working.

46

Can you operate without a voice recorder with no MEL ?

Yes for up the 90 days if flight date recorder is working.

47

Can you operate without a working transponder ?

Yes if MEL allows it otherwise if no MEL ask ATC but you need to get repairs

48

How long can you use ELT for testing ?

5 mins max

49

What is a control zone ?

It extends upward from the surface up to 3000 ft AGL

50

What is heli class A ?

External load that cannot move freely, not jettisoned.

51

What is heli class B ?

External load that can be jettisoned not in contact with ground.

52

What is heli class C ?

External load can be jettisoned in contact with ground.

53

What is heli class D ?

External load that carries people.

54

What is category in relation to certification of aircraft ?

Normal
Utility
Aerobatic
Commuter
Transport

55

What is class ?

Aeroplane having similar operating characteristics.
Single engine
Multi engine
Land
Sea

56

What is the required equipment for power driven aircraft ? (General)

Checklist or placards.
Charts.
Current database (if IFR or night VFR).
Hand held fire extinguisher.
Timepiece.
Flashlight (at night).
First aid kit.

57

Which survival equipment is required over land ? (General)

Starting fire.
Providing shelter.
Water and purification.
Visual distress.
And any other equipment needed for the season and place.

58

When can you fly without the land survival equipment ? (General)

Within 25 nm of departure.
Multiengine operated south of 66?30"N in IFR controlled airspace or air route.
And if you estimate that there is no need for it.

59

What equipment do you need when over water past engine failure distance ? (General)

Life preserver.
Flotation device.

60

How far can a land helicopter go offshore without life preserver onboard ? (General)

50 nm

61

How far can a single or multiengine heli without rafts and unable to maintain flight with engine failed can go over water ? (General)

25 nm
Or 15 mins

62

How far can a multiengine heli without rafts and able to maintain flight with engine failed can go over water ?
(General)

50 nm
Or 30 mins

63

What need to be in the life raft ? (General)

Visual distress.
Water and purification.
Shelter.

64

When do helicopter with life raft can't fly over water without suit ? (General)

When water less than 10c

65

What is the lowest altitude you can fly at night in air taxi and commuter ops ?

1000 ft above highest obstacle.