VI. Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region: A) Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6: 1) Vertebral Body. (Pg. 47) Flashcards Preview

Palmer Davenport Spinal Fall 17’ > VI. Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region: A) Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6: 1) Vertebral Body. (Pg. 47) > Flashcards

Flashcards in VI. Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region: A) Typical Cervical Vertebrae C3-C6: 1) Vertebral Body. (Pg. 47) Deck (23):
1

What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?

rectangular

2

What is the effect of aging on the cervical vertebral body?

it diminishes the overall height of the vertebral body

3

What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

4

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

posterior or kyphotic

5

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

the intervertebral disc height

6

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

anterior or lordotic

7

Which vertebral couples will demonstrate a decrease in intervertebral disc height?

C2/C3 down to C4/C5

8

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

9

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove, posterior groove, right nad left uncinate processes

10

What are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim?

uncinate process, unciform process, uncoverteral process, uncus or lateral lip

11

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior lip, posterior lip, right and left lateral grooves

12

What is the joint classification for the anterior lip-anterior longitudinal ligament-anterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

13

What is the joint classification for the posterior lip-Posterior longitudinal ligament-posterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

14

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

15

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone-intervertebral disc articulation?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

16

How many joints are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical verteral body?

five

17

How many joints are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

five

18

How many total joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

ten

19

What is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

joint of Luschka or uncovertebral joint

20

The joint of Luschka is formed from what surfaces?

the uncinate process and lateral groove

21

How many total synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

four

22

What is the functional significance of the joint of Luschka?

it appears to stabilize the intervertebral disc while accommodating flexion - extension and requiring coupled motion (axial rotation with lateral bending) in the cervical spine

23

What muscle attaches to the typical cervical vertebral body?

the longus colli muscle

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