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Flashcards in Vietnam quick cards Deck (42):
1

How did America get involved in the civil war between France and the Viet Minh(1945-1954)

They gave $500 million each year to France to help their war effort (this was approximately 80% of the cost of the war).

2

How many French soldiers were killed during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu?

8,000 (this was on top of the 73,000 French soldiers who had died whilst fighting the Viet Minh since 1945).

3

Why were the French soldiers defeated at the battle of Dien Bien Phu?

Did not have easy access to war supplies
Fighting in jungle inhabited by Viet Minh
Guerilla tactics

4

How many troops fought for the Viet Cong by the early - 1960s?

Over 100,000 troops.

5

What proportion of the countryside did the Viet Cong control in South Vietnam by 1963?

40%

6

How did President Eisenhower get involved in Vietnam between 1954 and 1960?

Supported Diem with about $1.6 billion

7

How did President Kennedy get involved in Vietnam between 1961 and 1963?

Increased number of military advisers to more than 11,000 by 1962

8

How did President Johnson get involved in Vietnam between 1963 and 1965?

By July 1965 180,000 US troops had been sent to Vietnam (the number of troops had reached 500,000 by 1968)

9

During "search and destroy" patrols, for every one Viet Cong weapon captured how many innocent civilians were killed?

6 civilans

10

How much did it cost to kill one Viet Cong fighter using air power?

$400,000

11

How much Agent Orange was used during the war?

82 million litres

12

How many acres of forest were destroyed during the war?

4 million acres

13

How many Vietnamese people and farmers were affected by the use of herbicides?

1.3 million

14

How many tons of napalm were used?

20,000 tones

15

Why did the US army become weaker after 1967?

Over 500,000 incidents of desertion

16

How many American soldiers died during the Vietnam war?

56,000 soldiers

17

What proportion of soldier killed in the Vietnam War were ages 17-21 years?

60%

18

Tension between troops and officers?

Fragging

19

What evidence is there that the US and SVA were superior to the Viet Cong?

In November 1965 in the La Dreng Valley, US forced killed 2,000 Viet Cong soldiers, and only lost 300 troops.

20

What evidence is there that the ambushes were effective?

Ambushes caused 51% of all US casualties during the war.

21

What evidence is there that booby traps were effective?

Booby traps caused 11% of all US casualties during the war.

22

How big was the underground tunnel network used by the Viet Cong

Around 240km

23

How many people worked on the Ho Chi Minh trail to keep the supply line open and running?

40,000

24

How many civilians did the Viet Cong kill between 1966 and 1971?

27,000 civilians

25

How many Viet Cong and North Vietnamese soldiers died during the Vietnam war?

Approx 1 million

26

How many major cities and American bases were taken over by Viet Cong fighters in South Vietnam during the tet offensive?

Over 100

27

How many Viet Cong fighters managed to tie down the US and South Vietnamese army (SVA) in Saigon?

Only 4500 fighters

28

How many Viet Cong fighters were killed during the Tet offensive, in comparison to US / SVA soldiers?

50,000 communist troops were killed, in comparison to 6,000 US / SVA Soldiers

29

At first, how was the massacre officially recorded?

It was recorded as a success. US troops reported to have killed 90 viet cong fighters

30

How many American soldiers died during the vietnam war?

Approximately 58,000 (300 a week)

31

What proportion of American soldiers who dies were aged 21 or younger?

61%

32

How much was American spending every year on the Vietnam War?

$20 billion a year on the war

33

How many journalists had their accreditation removed by the MACV, showing general support for the war?

Only 3 journalists between 1964 and 1968

34

What percentage of African Americans were drafted to fight in the war?

30% (in comparison to 19% of white Americans)

35

Which famous American boxer refused to fight in the Vietnam War?

Muhammed Ali

36

How many anti-war protests were led by students in the first half of 1968?

Over 100 protests, involving 40,000 students

37

What happened during and after the Kent State University protest?

Soldiers opened fire on demonstrators killing 4 students and injuring 11 others.

38

How many protestors demonstrated in Washington D.C. in November 1969?

700,000

39

How many people died because of the Vietnam war?

Approximately 2 Million Civilians, 1.1 Million Communist Fighters, And 58,000 US Soldiers

40

How many million acres of land did America's chemical weapons (napalm and agent orange destroy)?

5.4 million acres of land. Water supplies were also poisoned.

41

What was the result of the loss of land for farming?

Food Shortages

42

How many South Vietnamese people were displaced from their homes?

5 Million People.