Flashcards in Vietnam War Deck (20):
Which year did Dien Bien Phu took place?
How many French troops were killed during Dien Bien Phu?
How many Vietminh were killed during Dien Bien Phu?
Why was Dien Bien Phu significant?
The French defeat lead to the French prime minister resigning and parliament then voted to remove troops from Vietnam
Who was the leader of South Vietnam from 1954 - 1963?
What did the Geneva Agreement of 1954 aim to do?
Find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Vietnam
What is the 17th parallel?
The line dividing Vietnam in half with communism in the North and democracy in the South
Why were some people unhappy with the Geneva Agreement of 1954?
They wanted a united Vietnam eg Diem and Ho Chi Minh
Why did people in Vietnam oppose Diem?
He persecuted Buddhists / he fixed elections / he forced peasants off their land and have it to powerful families / imprisoned people who disagreed with him
When was Diem assassinated?
2nd November 1963, after he had surrendered to ARVN troops (South Vietnamese Army)
Why did the American allow Diem’s assassination to happen?
He was so unpopular and pictures of monks burning themselves in protest had started to be shown in the media which horrified the American public
Who were the Vietminh?
Group led by Ho Chi Minh Ho fought against the Japanese and the French
Who were the National Liberation Front (NLF)?
Different groups from South Vietnam who came together to oppose Diem. They were also known as the Vietcong
What did the Vietcong want?
To replace Diem / a united Vietnam / better conditions for peasants
What was the domino theory?
A belief that if one country in Asia became Communist, the one next to it would do the same, and the next...
Which US presidents were involved in Vietnam?
Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson
What did American Presidents want in Vietnam?
They wanted to prevent it becoming Communist but they did not want to send American soldiers to fight
What was the Strategic Hamlet Programme?
A programme introduced by Diem in 1962 which was meant to win the ‘hearts and minds’ of Vietnamese people
Why did the Strategic Hamlet Programme backfire?
Diem wanted to stop peasants supporting Diem so he forced them to move into camps (strategic hamlets) surrounded by barbed wire. They hated it.