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Flashcards in Views of Childhood and Children's Rights Deck (22)
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1

UNCRC

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

2

What did the UNCRC do?

Affirm children's place and their rights in society and create a global consciousness of childhood

3

What is a guiding principle of the CRC? (Article 2)

Non discrimination: no child should be treated unfairly due to their race, belief, religion and social class

4

What is a guiding principle of the CRC? (Article 3)

Best interests of the child: all decisions made about the child should be in their best interests

5

What is a guiding principle of the CRC? (Article 6)

Rights to life, survival and development: Government must aim to provide children with adequate nutrition, education, healthcare and other needs

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What is a guiding principle of the CRC? (Article 12)

Participation: Children have a right to be heard in all matter that concerns them

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Why has the CRC been criticised?

Some argue it promotes a western understanding of childhood as a universal or ideal type

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What can a promotion of western understandings of childhood result in?

Illegitimising non-western childhoods because they do not conform to the 'ideal' type

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What largely informs the CRC?

The caretaker thesis

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What is the caretaker thesis?

A caretaker assumes responsibility for protecting a child's rights because the child is not yet considered competent to exercise these rights

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What do caretaker's have to consider?

What would the child want if they were mature enough to decide for themselves

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Why is the caretaker thesis considered problematic?

Not all societies agree on when children are capable of taking care of themselves

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In what ways can childhoods experience differences?

Economically: children from poor families will experience a different childhood to an affluent one, Gender: girls face things such as early marriage, FGM and other discrimination, Time Wise: certain countries may have a different life expectancy

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What do societies often differ in views on?

The separation of adult and child worlds

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Should children be denied political participation?

Some may argue they are too immature, however not all adults are competent voters but are not denied the right to vote

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Issues with adults having responsibility?

On what basis are they entrusted with this responsibility?

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Roles of responsibility

Usually require a form of testing

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Parenthood

Anyone can become a parent, what if they have issues such as addiction?

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Limits of children's participation rights?

Their views are only listened to if adults like what they are saying

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What is a child defined as?

A human being below the age of 18 years

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Differences in views of children

Some consider children able to work and provide for the family earlier than others

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What does the new sociology of childhood argue?

There is not one, but many childhoods with different genders and class