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Nursing Care 1 - Foundations > Vital Signs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vital Signs Deck (22):
1

What is the normal temperature for a healthy adult?

37 degrees celcius

2

What happens if the body is cold?

Shivering causes vasoconstriction to reduce heat loss

3

What happens if the body is hot?

Sweating causes vasodilation to increase heat loss

4

What are some factors effecting body temperature?

- Metabolism
- Age
- Exercise
- Hormones
- Circadian rhythm
- Stress
-Environment

5

What are the four types of heat loss?

Radiation
Conduction
Convection
Evaporation

6

Describe hypothermia

When body temperature is above normal
A low grade temp is up to 38
A high grade temp is over 38
Hyperxia is 41

7

What are the four common types of fever?

Intermittent
Remitten
Relapsing
Constant

8

Describe an Intermittent Fever

going up and down, alternating between normal and a fever

9

Describe a Remitten Fever

a very high temperature, fluctuating but never coming down

10

Describe a Relapsing Fever

Reoccuring Episodes

11

Describe a Constant Fever

Not fluctuating more than a degree in 24 hours

12

How do we assess temperature?

- Orally
- Forehead
- Rectal - last option
- Axillary
- Tympanic

13

What is a pulse?

How many heartbeats per minute

14

What are the three different types of pulses?

Radial Pulse
Peripheral Pulse
Apical Pulse

15

Define a radial pulse

Felt on the wrist under the thumb - using two fingers

16

Define a peripheral pulse

Located away from the heart

17

Define an apical pulse

Located at the apex of the heart

18

Give three places a pulse can be found

Temples
Radial (wrist)
Femoral (groin)

19

What are three factors that effect a pulse?

Age
Gender
Exercise

20

What is a normal pulse?

Between 60bpm and 100bpm

21

What is tachycardia?

(Fast) Greater than 100 bpm

22

What is brachycardia?

Slower than 60bpm