Flashcards in Vital Signs Deck (26):
Temperature: Normal Range
What are the 5 factors temperature is influenced by?
Diurnal cycle, Ovulation/Hormones, Exercise, Age, & Environment
What are the 4 routes used to read temperature? Which is most common?
Axillary, Rectal, Tympanic, & Temporal. Temporal is most common but not accurate when the patient is diaphoretic.
What is the normal range of a resting heart rate for adults?
50-95 BPM but 60-100 for testing purposes
What is the range of Bradycardia
<50/min but this is normal in well trained athletes
What is the range of Tachycardia
What is Pulse influenced by?
Anxiety, stress, age, gender, exercise, temperature, medications, acute pain, disease process, drugs & smoking
What needs to be assessed when checking pulse?
Rate, Rhythm, Force & Equality
What is Stroke Volume?
The amount of blood the heart pumps into the aorta with every beat. Average is 70mls.
What are the 4 forces of pulse?
0=Absent, Cardiac Arrest
What is the normal range of respiration per minute in adults?
What do you measure when assessing respiration?
Quality and type
What are respirations influenced by?
Environment (pollution), exercise, medications, anxiety, disease process, body position, acute pain, smoking & drugs
What is the normal range for blood pressure?
Adults = <135/85
What is BP influenced by?
Age, sex/gender, Ethnicity (African descent BP^), diurnal rhythm (highest late afternoon/evening, lowest in morning), weight (obsese=higher), exercise, emotions, stress, medications, disease process.
What 4 factors is BP determined by?
1. Cardiac Output
2. Peripheral Vascular Volume of Circulating Blood 3.Viscosity of Blood
4.Elasticity of Vessel Walls
What is MAP and what should it be?
Mean Arterial Pressure; Should be >60mmHg
What is normal range for Oxygen Saturation?
>95% on room air *COPD pts may have different acceptable range
What does Oxygen Saturation measure?
Arterial oxygen levels via infrared light & measures pulse as well.
What is Oxygen Saturation influenced by?
Circulation, anemia, lung disease, medications, motion to limb, nail polish
During the day
The general survey consists of four distinct areas. These areas include:
physical appearance, body structure, mobility, and behavior.
Where should you place the deflated cuff in regards to the brachial artery?
What might a difference in the two arms of more than 10 to 15 mmHg indicate?
Arterial obstruction on the side with the lower reading