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Flashcards in Vital Signs Deck (26):
1

Temperature: Normal Range

35.8-37.3

2

What are the 5 factors temperature is influenced by?

Diurnal cycle, Ovulation/Hormones, Exercise, Age, & Environment

3

What are the 4 routes used to read temperature? Which is most common?

Axillary, Rectal, Tympanic, & Temporal. Temporal is most common but not accurate when the patient is diaphoretic.

4

Define diaphoretic

Sweating

5

What is the normal range of a resting heart rate for adults?

50-95 BPM but 60-100 for testing purposes

6

What is the range of Bradycardia

<50/min but this is normal in well trained athletes

7

What is the range of Tachycardia

>95-100/min

8

What is Pulse influenced by?

Anxiety, stress, age, gender, exercise, temperature, medications, acute pain, disease process, drugs & smoking

9

What needs to be assessed when checking pulse?

Rate, Rhythm, Force & Equality

10

What is Stroke Volume?

The amount of blood the heart pumps into the aorta with every beat. Average is 70mls.

11

What are the 4 forces of pulse?

0=Absent, Cardiac Arrest
1+=Weak/Thread
2+=Normal
3+=Full, bounding

12

What is the normal range of respiration per minute in adults?

10-20

13

What do you measure when assessing respiration?

Quality and type

14

What are respirations influenced by?

Environment (pollution), exercise, medications, anxiety, disease process, body position, acute pain, smoking & drugs

15

What is the normal range for blood pressure?

Adults = <135/85

16

What is BP influenced by?

Age, sex/gender, Ethnicity (African descent BP^), diurnal rhythm (highest late afternoon/evening, lowest in morning), weight (obsese=higher), exercise, emotions, stress, medications, disease process.

17

What 4 factors is BP determined by?

1. Cardiac Output
2. Peripheral Vascular Volume of Circulating Blood 3.Viscosity of Blood
4.Elasticity of Vessel Walls

18

What is MAP and what should it be?

Mean Arterial Pressure; Should be >60mmHg

19

What is normal range for Oxygen Saturation?

>95% on room air *COPD pts may have different acceptable range

20

What does Oxygen Saturation measure?

Arterial oxygen levels via infrared light & measures pulse as well.

21

What is Oxygen Saturation influenced by?

Circulation, anemia, lung disease, medications, motion to limb, nail polish

22

Define diurnal

During the day

23

The general survey consists of four distinct areas. These areas include:

physical appearance, body structure, mobility, and behavior.

24

Where should you place the deflated cuff in regards to the brachial artery?

1 inch

25

What might a difference in the two arms of more than 10 to 15 mmHg indicate?

Arterial obstruction on the side with the lower reading

26

Define Orthostatic Hypertension

A drop in BP occurring with a quick change in position