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Medical Scribe [MUC] > Vitals/ Test Results > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitals/ Test Results Deck (13):
1

What is considered Low blood pressure?

90/60

2

What is considered High blood pressure?

130/90

3

ALT

  • 8 to 37 g/dL
  • Liver enzyme
  • Above 37 = Liver damage

4

Albumin

  • 3.9 ⇔ 5.0 g/dL
  • Liver protein
  • Out of this range may indicate kidney or liver problems

5

A/G ratio or total protein test

  • +/- 1 
  • Ratio of albumin/globulin
  • Above 1 is healthy, anything else requires more testing

6

Alkaline phosphotase

  • 44 ⇔ 147 IU/L
  • Liver and Bone enzyme
  • Above 147 = liver or bone-related disease

7

AST (aspartate aminotransferase)

  • 10 ⇔ 34 IU/L
  • Heart and Liver enzyme
  • Above 34 = Heart or Liver problem

8

Bilirubin

  • 0.1 ⇔ 1.9 mg/dL
  • product of liver
  • Out of range could mean problems with any of the following:
    • Liver
    • Kidney
    • Bile duct
    • Anemia

9

BUN

[blood urea nitrogen]

  • 10 ⇔ 20 mg/dL
  • Measures kidney and liver function
  • Above 20 = kidney problem or very high protien

10

Calcium

  • 9⇔10.5 mg/dL
  • Above 10.5 = any of these:
    • kidney problems
    • thyroid
    • parathyroid
    • lymphoma
    • pancreas
    • low Vit.D

11

Chloride

  • 98⇔106 mEq/L
  • XS chloride makes acidic blood
  • Above 106 = any of these
    • Dehydration
    • Multiple myeloma
    • kidney disorder
    • Adrenal gland dysfunction

12

Creatinine

  • .5 ⇔ 1.1 mg/dL
  • Kidneys process this waste product
  • Above 1.1 = Kidney problem

13

Fasting Glucose

  • 70 ⇔ 99 mg/dL
  • Blood sugar levels affected by food or beverages, stress levels, medications and the time of day