Flashcards in Vitamin: Names & Deficiencies Deck (52):
What is another name for B1?
What is another name for B2?
What is another name for B3?
What is another name for B5?
What is another name for B6?
What is another name for B7?
What is another name for B9?
What is another name for B12?
What is another name for Thiamine?
What is another name for riboflavin?
What is another name for Niacin?
What is another name for Panthothenic acid?
What is another name for Pyridoxine?
What is another name for biotin?
What is another name for folate?
What is another name for Cobalamin?
Vitamin B12 (the LARGEST vitamin by MW (molecular weight))
What is the active form of thiamine?
What is the active form of riboflavin?
What is the active form of niacin?
What is the active form of pantothenic acid?
What is the active form of pyridoxine?
PLP (According to lecture, pyridoxine is THE vitamin for amino acid metabolism.)
What is the active form of folate?
What is the active form of Vitamin C?
What is the active form of Vitamin A?
What is the active form of Vitamin D?
1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D (activated first in the liver, then in the kidney)
What are signs of B1 (thiamine) deficiency?
Dry beri beri (nerves), wet beri beri (heart), Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (brain)
What are signs of B2 (riboflavin) deficiency?
Two C's: Cheilosis & corneal vascularization;
Others: magenta tongue, angular stomatitis, seborrhea
What are signs of B3 (niacin) deficiency?
Pellagara: dementia, dermatitis, diarrhea ("Three D's of niacin deficiency", the fourth one is death); pigmented rash in sun-exposed areas, memory loss, apathy
What are signs of B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency?
Seborrhea, glossitis, convulsions, neuropathy, depression, confusion, microcytic anemia
What are signs of B9 (folate) deficiency?
Megaloblastic anemia, atrophic glossitis, depression, headache, increased homocysteine levels
What are signs of B12 (cobalamin) deficiency?
Megaloblastic anemia, neuro symptoms (abnl gait, dementia, loss of vibratory/position sense), impotence, loss of bladder/bowel control, increased homocysteine, increased methylmalonic acid
What are signs of Vitamin C deficiency?
Scurvy: petechia, ecchymosis, coiled hair, inflamed/bleeding gums, joint effusion, saying "yarr" frequently.
What are signs of Vitamin A deficiency?
Night blindness, squamous metaplasia, bitot spots (keratin buildup in the conjunctiva), keratomalacia
What are signs of Vitamin D deficiency?
Rickets, osteomalacia, rachitic rosary (rib bumps)
What are signs of Vitamin K deficiency?
Elevated PT (important in Koagulation). Decreased levels seen in liver disease, newborns, and w/ antibiotic use.
What are signs of Zinc deficiency?
Rash, anorexia, diarrhea
What are signs of Iron deficiency?
Hypochromic microcytic anemia
What are signs of Iodine deficiency?
What are signs of Copper deficiency?
aka "swayback". Weakness (myelopathy), periph neuropathy, optical neuropathy, ring sideroblasts (funky blood results, check out Wikipedia or other, more reputable sources)
What are signs of Fluoride deficiency?
What are signs of Selenium deficiency?
When combined w/ Coxsackie infection: Keshan dz (congestive cardiomyopathy)
What causes Vitamin D deficiency?
Aging, lack of sunlight, fat malabsorption, darker-pigmented skin (us pale kids can get the day's worth of Vitamin D synthesized w/ 15 mins of sun exposure. Fun fact.)
What causes Vitamin A deficiency?
Fat malabsorption, infection, EtOH, measles, protein-energy malnutrition (PEM).
Too much Vitamin A is TOXIC! (From lecture)
What causes thiamine (B1) deficiency?
EtOH, chronic diuretic use, hyperemesis (pregnancy, bulimia)
What causes folate (B9) deficiency?
EtOH, methotrexate, pregnancy
What causes riboflavin (B2) deficiency?
Other vitamin B deficiencies
What causes niacin (B3) deficiency?
EtOH, B6/B2 deficiency, tryptophan deficiency
What causes pyridoxine (B6) deficiency?
EtOH, isoniazid (TB trx)
What causes cobalamin (B12) deficiency?
Pernicious anemia, chronic vegetarian diet, surgery, acid-reducing drugs, terminal ileal disease (or resection).
What causes Vitamin C deficiency?
Smoking, EtOH, diet, dialysis, age
What are signs of B7 (biotin) deficiency?
Occur rarely, if ever.
Infants: hypotonia, lethargy, seizures, apathy, dermatitis, alopecia.
Adults: Brittle nails, depression, paresthesias, hallucinations, anorexia, nausea