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Flashcards in Vitamins Deck (11):
1

B1 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

- Thiamine
- Water
- Pentose Phosphate pathway
- Wernicke-Korsakoff's, beriberi

2

B2 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Riboflavin
-Water
-FAD/FMN
-malabsorption (corneal neovascularization, stomatitis, magenta tongue)

3

B3 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Niacin
-Water
-NAD/H and NADP/H
-Hartnup disease (due to low tryptophan) --> Pellagra

4

B5 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Pantothenic Acid
-Water
-Synthesis of CoA
-extreme starvation (dermatitis, numbness, cramping. etc.)

5

B7 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

- Biotin
- Water
- carboxylation (pyruvate--> OAA, Acetyl CoA --> malonyl CoA, odd FA synth)

6

B9 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Folic Acid
-Water
-De Novo nucleotide synth (pyrimidine)
-Spina bifida (during pregnancy); macrocytic megaloblastic anemia

7

B12 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Cobalamin
-Water
-Coenzyme for transfer of methyl
-megaloblastic anemia, homocysteinemia

8

C (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Ascorbate
-Water
-Iron absorption, dopamine --> NE synth, antioxidant
-Scurvy

9

A (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Retinol
-Fat
-photosensation, epithelial maintenance
-night blindness

10

D (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-calci -triol,-diol,-erol
-Fat
-Calcium absorption, bone health maintenance
-Rickets, osteomalacia

11

B6 (name, solubility, associated pathway, associated disease)

-Pyridoxine
-Water
-Aminotransferase reactions (ALT and AST)
-Deficiency from isoniazid therapy
-Sideroblastic anemia, intertrigo, convulsions, stomatitis