Vitamins And Minerals Unit Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vitamins And Minerals Unit Deck (47):
0

A natural drive that protects you from starvation

Hunger

1

A fatty substance that doesn't dissolve in water

Lipid

2

An inflammation of the vermiform appendix

Appendicitis

3

The substances in the body that make up body proteins

Amino acids

4

Fatty acids that hold all the hydrogen it can

Saturated fat

5

Substances in food that your body needs to function properly

Nutrient

6

Minerals that keep the body's balance of fluids at the proper level and maintain normal body functions

Electrolyte

7

Foods that contain all essential amino acids in proper amounts

Complete proteins

8

Vitamins stored in the fatty tissue, liver, and kidneys

Fat soluble vitamins

9

Inorganic substances that the body that the body cannot create on its own that act like a catalysts, regulating many body functions

Minerals

10

Nutrients that help build and maintain body functions

Proteins

11

Panel on food labels that shows nutrient and calorie content of food

Nutrition facts panel

12

The 9 amino acids your body cannot make

Essential amino acids

13

Special form of complex carbs found in tough stringy part of vegetables that is not used for energy

Fiber

14

Condition in bowels where the feces is dry and hard and evacuation is difficult and infrequent

Constipation

15

Starches and sugars found in food

Carbs

16

Inadequate production of insulin resulting in excessive amounts of glucose in blood and urine

Diabetes

17

Addition of nutrients that are not naturally present

Fortified food

18

Amount of nutrients that will prevent deficiencies and excesses in the most healthy people

Recommended dietary allowance

19

Compounds that help regulate many vital body processes

Vitamins

20

Glucose that is not used right away is stored in the liver and muscles

Glycogen

21

A simple sugar and the body's chief source of food

Glucose

22

Fatty acids that are missing one or more pairs of hydrogen atoms

Unsaturated fat

23

The process by which the body takes in and uses food

Nutrition

24

A desire rather than a need to eat

Appetite

25

The foods that lack some essential amino acids

Incomplete proteins

26

The substances that are essential in small amounts for proper growth and metabolism

Micronutrients

27

The substances required in large amounts for normal growth and development

Macronutrients

28

Nutrients that delivers more than twice the energy of either carbs or protein 9 cal per gram

Fats

29

Proteins that affect psychological activity such as growth or metabolism

Hormone

30

The addition of missing hydrogen Adams

Hydrogenation

31

The minerals that your body needs and tiny amounts

Trace minerals

32

The proteins that function as biochemical catalysts for body processes

Enzyme

33

A symbol that categorizes foods into five groups and indicates a range of servings for each that a person is advised to eat

Food guide pyramid

34

The sugars that appear naturally in fruits some vegetables and milk

Simple carbohydrates

35

The substances added to food to intentionally produce a desired effect

Food additive

36

The starches found in great supply in rice and other grains

Complex carbs

37

A form of fat made in the body

Triglyceride

38

Vitamin C in the eight vitamins in the vitamin B complex these vitamins dissolve in water and pass easily

Water-soluble vitamins

39

Proteins that serve as primary immune defenses

Antibodies

40

The acids found in the foods you eat

Fatty acids

41

The good cholesterol that helps protect against heart attack

HPL cholesterol

42

The excess glycogen that is also known as body fat

Adipose tissue

43

The nutrients that were lost during processing that were added back

Enriched foods

44

The bad cholesterol that comes from eating saturated fat and trans fat and dietary cholesterol

LDL-cholesterol

45

Fatty acid essential for growth and healthy skin

Linocleic acid

46

What is the soft fat like waxy substance found in the bloodstream and all your body cells

Cholesteryl