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Flashcards in Vocab 1 Deck (34):
1

Aerosol

A fine mist of tiny air borne particles that may contain bacteria, viruses or fungi.

May be inhaled or contaminate work surfaces

2

Bacterial spores

Dormant bacteria that may have formed a thick protective coat

Resistant to heat and chemicals

Sterilization destroys spores

3

Biohazard

Infectious agents or hazardous biological material that present a risk or potential risk to health

Risk can be from infection or indirect through damage to the environment

4

Consent

An agreement freely provided by the patient to a treatment

5

Contract

An agreement made between two parties that creates legal rights and obligations

6

Dermatitis

An inflammation of the skin that may cause a red itchy rash

7

Disease

A departure from the normal function or structure of the body

8

Disclose

To make known or reveal

9

Drug

A chemical used to treat or prevent disease

10

Ethics

A moral code of conduct

11

Exposure

Contact with blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, non-intact skin or mucous membranes

12

Exposure prone procedure

An invasive procedure or where there is potential for direct contact between the skin of the worker and sharp instruments

Potentially a high risk that injury may result in exposure to the patients open tissues to the blood of the worker.

13

Hazard

A potential source of injury, ill health or disease

14

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver, often caused by viral infection

15

Immune

A condition of being resistant to a particular disease

16

Immunization

The process of making a person resistant to a particular disease

17

Infectious

Capable of spreading from one person to another

18

Informed consent

Consent that is voluntary and given with full knowledge of proposed treatment and treatment options

19

Law

A set of rules and regulations, enforced by the courts, which governs behaviour

20

Laser

A device for producing a high intensity beam of radiation of a frequency near to visible light

21

Latex

Products such as gloves and rubber dam, made from the milky liquid of the rubber tree

22

Latex allergy

A reaction to certain proteins in the latex rubber

23

Negligence

Failure to exercise the proper care, skill and attention expected

24

Opportunistic bacteria

Bacteria that take the opportunity to infect a person whose immune system is already weakened by disease

25

Pathogen

A microorganism capable of causing disease

26

Pathogenic

Disease producing microorganisms

27

Pathology

A study of disease

28

Poison

A substance that may cause damage to the body even in small amounts

29

Risk

The possibility that a hazard will cause injury or ill health

30

Sharps

Items which may cause lacerations or puncture the skin

31

Splatter

Large particles of blood and saliva contaminated debris that may settle in the eyes or nasal mucosa or work surfaces

32

Standard precautions

Work practices that prevent the spread of infection and disease

33

Tort

A civil wrong, such as defamation , committed by one person against the person or property of another

34

Transmission

The transfer of disease from one person to another