Vocab 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab 19 Deck (19):
1

Affect

A psychological term for an observable expression of emotion.

2

Anxiety/anxiety disorders

An unpleasant emotion triggered by anticipation of future events, memories of past events, or ruminations about the self.

3

Apathy

Can be defined as an absence or suppression of emotion, feeling, concern or passion, and it is an indifference to things generally found to be exciting or moving.

4

Behavior Therapy-Behavior

A goal-oriented, therapeutic approach that treats emotional and behavioral disorders as maladaptive learned responses that can be replaced by healthier ones with appropriate training.

5

Biofeedback

A technique that allows individuals to monitor their own physiological processes so they can learn to control them.

6

Bipolar Disorder

A condition (traditionally called manic depression) in which a person alternates between the two emotional extremes of depression and mania (an elated, euphoric mood).

7

Depression

An emotional state or mood characterized by one or more of these symptoms: sad mood, low energy, poor concentration, sleep or appetite changes, feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness, and thoughts of suicide.

8

Desensitization

A behavior modification technique used to combat phobias and other irrational fears.

9

Ego

is that portion of the personality that imposes realistic limitations on the id.

10

Empathy

The capacity to vicariously experience and understand the thoughts and feelings of another person by putting oneself in that person's place.

11

Extroversion

A term used to characterize people who are typically outgoing, friendly, and open toward others.

12

Id

In psychoanalytic theory, the most primitive, unconscious element of human personality. The id is the part of the personality that includes such basic biological impulses or drives as eating, drinking, eliminating wastes, avoiding pain, attaining sexual pleasure, and aggression.

13

Introversion

A commonly used term for people who are quiet, reserved, thoughtful, and self-reliant and who tend to prefer solitary work and leisure activities.

14

Mania

A description of the condition opposite depression in manic-depressive psychosis, or bipolar disorder. It is characterized by a mood of elation without apparent reason.

15

Narcissism

Excessive preoccupation with self and lack of empathy for others.

16

Passive aggressive personality

Its main distinguishing feature is indirect resistance to the demands or expectations of others through stubbornness, forgetfulness, inefficiency, procrastination, and other covert means. Rather than refusing outright to perform a task, the passive-aggressive person will do it badly or procrastinate until the deadline for its completion has passed.

17

Placebo

In research, a scientifically significant response that cannot be explained by physiological variables and is assumed to be psychological in origin. Placebos are substances with no known pharmacological value that are given to members of a control group in an experiment.

18

Psychosis

A symptom of mental illness characterized by a radical change in personality and a distorted or diminished sense of objective reality.

19

Superego

In psychoanalytic theory, the part of the human personality that represents a person's inner values and morals; also known as conscience.