Vocab Flashcards Preview

Blood > Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Deck (53)
Loading flashcards...
0

Plasma

The liquid part in blood

1

Plasma proteins

Help thicken and maintain the blood volume which include :
Globulins
Fibrogens
Prothrombin
Albumins

2

Serum

Plasma minus the clotting factor
Contains anti bodies

3

Formed elements

Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Thrombocytes

4

Erythrocytes

Red blood cells
Allergy protection
Oxygen & carbon dioxide transport

5

Leukocytes

Abnormally high White blood cells

6

Thrombocytes

Platelets

7

Two primary functions of blood are

Transportation and protection

8

What is not a formed element

Blood serum

9

What is a granular leukocyte

Neutrophil
Eosinophil
Basophil

10

Without adequate ___ in the diet, the body cannot manufacture enough hemoglobin

Iron
AKA result of iron deficiency anemia

11

What is necessary for successful blood clotting

Platelets
prothrombin
fibrin

12

What do white blood cells do

Defend the body from microorganisms invading the body

13

A blood clot that is stationary & stays same in the place where it was formed is called a

Thrombus

14

Anti-body may be defined as

A substance made by the body stimulation by an antigen
substance that reacts with the antigen that stimulated it's formation
A substance that causes antigens to agglutinate

15

What blood type is considered the universal recipient

A.B. positive

16

Erythroblastosis fetalis is now avoidable by treating all Rh - mothers who carry and Rh + baby w a protein marketed as

RhoGAM

17

Myeloid tissue

Hematopeosis
Makes blood cells for body
AKA RED BONE MARROW

18

Hematocrit

RBC volume test

19

Buffy coat

WBCs & platelets layer

20

Eosinophils

No nuclei
Defense against parasites
Weak phagocytosis

21

Polycythemia

Abnormally high RBC count

22

Leukopenia

Abnormally low WBC count

23

Agglutinate

Clump

24

Embolism

Circulating blood clot

25

How is oxygen carried in blood

In red blood cells as oxyhemoglobin

26

What's the amount of blood adults have

4 & 6 liters
Which is 7% - 9% in body weight

27

What are non granual leukocyte

Lymphocyte
Monocyte

28

Basophils

Secrete histamine durning inflammatory response
Produces heparin

29

Neutrophil

Immune defense (phagocytosis)

30

B lymphocyte

Anti body production (destroy bacteria)
Secrete proteins

31

T lymphocyte

Cellular immune response; destroys virally infected cells and cancer cells

32

Monocyte

Immune defense (phagocytosis)
Engulf big bacteria

33

Lymphatic tissue

Makes blood cells for the body
Found in lymph nodes, thymus, & spleen

34

Hemoglobin

Red pigment that unites w oxygen to form oxyhemoglobin

35

Carbaminohemohlobin

CO2 & blood combined

36

anemia

A number of diseases caused by inability of blood to carry oxygen to cells

37

Hemorrhagic anemia

Results from a decrease in the number of RBCs

38

Aplastic anemia

Reduction in RBC numbers following destruction of blood forming elements in bone marrow
Caused by chemicals or toxins

39

Pernicious anemia

Deficiency of RBCs that result from a failure of the stomach lining to produce "intrinsic factor"

40

Sickle cell anemia

Fatal disease caused by abnormal type of hemoglobin

41

Polycythemia

Bone marrow produces excess RBCs

42

Heparin

Helps prevent blood from clotting as it flows through the blood of the body

43

Antigen

Activate immune system through antibodies

44

Antibodies

React w antigens to from agglutination or no agglutination

45

Type A blood

Type A antigen
Type B antibody

46

Type B blood

Type B antigen
Type A antibody

47

Type AB blood

Type A and B antigens
No antibodies

48

Type O blood

No antigens
A and B antibodies

49

AB, Rh positive blood (AB+)

A and B and Rh antigens
UNIVERSAL RECIPIENT

50

Type O Rh negative blood (O-)

No type A,B, or Rh antigens
UNIVERSAL DONOR

51

Erythroblastosis fetalis

Caused by mothers Rh antibodies reacting w baby's Rh positive cells

52

Lymphocyte

Protect us against infection