Flashcards in Vocab Deck (36)
Government-mandated programs that seek to create special employment opportunities for AFAM and other victims of past discrimination.
Friend of the court brief
Primary election in which voters may select a candidate from any party for each office. Same procedure as general elections.
Federal money given to states with only general guidelines for its use. The states have the authority to decide how the money will be spent.
Political issues directed at daily concerns for the working class. I.e.: job security, tax rates, wages, etc.
Belief that the Constitution should be interpreted loosely
When federal expenditures exceed revenues, spends more than it gets
Set of budget guidelines that must pass both houses of Congress by April 15.
Federal aid given to states with strings attached, guidelines on how it must be spent.
Court in which lawsuits are heard.
Nonviolent civil disobedience: protest peacefully against laws they believe unjust and be willing to accept arrest as a means of demonstration.
Protections against government power embodied in the Bill of Rights and similar legislation.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Segregation illegal in most public places; increased penalties for discrimination in employment, and withheld federal aid for schools who discriminate.
Civil service system
Hire based of merit rather than on political beliefs or alliances. Replaced spoils system.
Class action suit
Lawsuit filed on behalf of a group of people.
"Clear and present danger"
Limits on free speech if it presents clear and present danger to the public or leads to illegal actions. (Shouting fire in a theatre)
Voting is restricted for registered members of a political party
Motion in senate to end a debate, (stop filibuster). Requires 3/5 of senate vote
Constitutional powers held by federal and state govt's
Congressional Budget Office
Congressional agency of budget experts who asses the feasibility of the president's plan and who help create Congress' version of the budget.
A constitutional convention (not where Constitution was written)
(Not done yet) Way of amending the constitution.
"Marble cake" federalism, federal and state cooperate and share many powers
Voters act independent of party affiliation. One consequence is spilt ticket voting
"Layered cake" federalism. Federal and state separate and independent.
Due process of law
Legal procedures for arrest and trial of an accused criminal.
Provision within legislation that appropriates money to a specific project, usually to a specific region or small group of people.
Section of Constitution that allows Congress to pass laws that are "necessary and proper" to the performance of its duties.
Social insurance programs that allocate federal funds to all people who meet the conditions. I.e. Social security
Equal Rights Amendment
Failed Constitutional amendment that would have guaranteed equal protection under law for women.
Gov can't "help" religion.
Ex post facto laws
Banned in constitution. These laws would punish people for actions that occurred before such actions were made criminal.
Rule that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence at a trial.
Same legal force as treaties but do not require senate approval. Not mentioned in constitution. Usually procedural.
Right of the president to withhold info when doing so would compromise national security.
Process by which governments return fugitives to the jurisdiction from which they fled.