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Flashcards in vocab 5&6 Deck (43):
1

bas-relief


(n.) a sculpture whose components are raised above the background (the adjective is also bas-relief, and means slightly raised above the background)

--> can be used as an adjective

2

debase

(v.) to degrade

--> debasement (n.)

3

declivity

(n.) the slope of a hill (especially downward)

--> declivitous (adj.)

4

proclivity

(n.) a natural tendency

--> proclivitous (adj.)

5

leaven

(n.)
1. a substance that causes dough to expand or rise
2. a lightening or enlivening influence

(v.) to provide a lightening influence

6

legerdemain

(n.)
1. sleight of hand, magic tricks
2. any trickery or deception

7

leverage

(n.)
1. the action of a lever that raises or lifts
2. power to influence; a position of strength

8

levitate

(v.) to rise or float, or cause to rise, seemingly despite gravity

--> levitation (n.)

9

levity

(n.) lightness in speech or behavior, especially unbecoming jocularity; frivolity

--> dictionaries also define levity as lightness in weight, however scientific usage req. buoyancy when applied to objects in water, or density when they are weighted.

10

penchant

(n.) a strong inclination or liking

--> may seem similar to proclivity but they function differently. A penchant is a preference for something, while a proclivity is an inner impulse/ direction, or a characteristic action.

11

ponderous

(adj.)
1. extremely heavy; massive
2. unwieldly or awkward
3. dull or tedious

12

imponderable

(adj.) unable to be assessed or measured precisely.

--> antonym: ponderable

13

preponderant

(adj.) superior in number, force, power, or importance

--> preponderance (n.)
--> preponderate (v.)

14

echelon

(n.)
1. a step-like formation of troops, ships, or aircraft
2. a level of command or authority

15

transcendent

(adj.) going beyond the limits of ordinary experience

--> transcendence (n.)
--> transcendental (adj.) (more philosophical-asserting a supernatural or mystical element in experience)

16

incumbent

(n.) a person who holds an office or position

(adj.)
1. already holding office or position
2. required as a duty or obligation

--> incumbency (n.)
--> incumbent sometimes used literally as "lying on" something

17

recumbent

(adj.) reclining; lying down

--> recumbence (n.)
--> recumbency (n.)

18

succumb

(v.)
1. to yield; to give or give up, especially to a powerful force or desire
2. to die

19

hypochondria

(n.) a psych. disorder characterized by the illusory conviction that one is ill or in pain, or likely to become so

--> hypochondriac (n.)
--> hypochondriacal (adj.)
--> has ties to medieval medicine//under the cartilage in english

20

hypothesis

(n.)
1. a theory or explanation that leads to further investigation for proof or disproof
2. an assumption on which a conclusion or decision is based.

--> hypothesize (v.)
-->hypothetical (adj.)

21

cataclysm

a disaster or catastrophe on such a large scale that biological, environmental, or cultural elements are permanently altered or irreparably lost to the Earth

--> cataclysmal (Adj.)
--> cataclysmic (adj.)
--> can be catastrophe

22

catapult

(n.)
1. an ancient mechanical device for hurling missiles
2. a modern mechanism for launching aircraft from the deck of a ship

(v.) to hurl or launch suddenly; to spring up

--> catapultic (adj.)

23

subjective

(adj.)
1. concentrating on the self in expression of feelings and perceptions
2. relating to personal opinions and thought processes rather than factual information or universal experience

--> subjectivism (n.)
--> subjectivity (n.)
--> antonym: objective

24

sublimate

(v.) to turn aside an instinctual impulse in favor of a more socially acceptable activity

--> sublimate (n.) and (adj.)
--> sublimation (n.)
--> began as psych. term but now used generally (i.e. sublime)

25

suborn

(v.)
1. to convince a person in secret to commit a misdeed or crime
2. to convince someone to give false testimony

--> subornation (n.)

26

subterfuge

a device/evasion to hide or avoid something, or to escape an outcome

27

verisimilitude

(n.) a thing or quality that appears true or real

28

verity

(n.)
1. the condition or quality of being true or accurate
2. a belief, principle, or statement expressing some basic human truth

--> veritable (adj.)
--> verity and veracity look similar but function differently. a scientific truth is a verity; we hope that scientists can be depended upon for their veracity; their capacity for telling the truth

29

aver

(v.) to affirm; to declare or attest to positively or dogmatically

--> averment (n.)

30

root: cubo, cubare, cubui, cubitum

to lie down

31

root: incumbo, incumbere, incubui, incubitum

to recline

32

root: hupo

under, beneath

33

root: kata

down

34

root: sub

under

35

root: veritas

truth

36

root: basis

pedestal, foot, base

37

root: bassus

low

38

root: clivus

slope

39

root: levis

light (in weight)

40

root: pendo, pendere, pependi, pensum

to cause to hang down, to weigh

41

root: pondero, ponderare, ponderavi, ponderatum

to weigh

42

root: scala

steps, stairs, ladder

43

root: scando, scandere, scandi, scansum

to climb