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History-Unit 5 (Thucydides & Greek Architecture) > Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Deck (24)
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1

Acropolis

building in the center of a city, usually built on the highest point

2

theatron

theater built into the hillside with tiered seating

3

orchestra

center of a theater where the chorus would sing and dance

4

skene

stage for main actors in the center of a theater

5

odeon

smaller version of a theatron

6

propelaea

monumental gateway of the Acropolis

7

perpteral

columns on the entire perimeter of a building

8

agora

a public open space used for assemblies and markets

9

cella

the inner area of a temple, held up by columns, usually housing a statue of a god/goddess

10

stadion

measurement - 200 meters, place where foot races and chariot races were held

11

omphalos

rounded stone at Delphi representing the navel of the earth

12

triglyph

a tablet in a Doric frieze with three vertical grooves

13

fluting

grooves carved in the body of a column from top to bottom in a line

14

lintel

horizontal block that spans the space between two columns in a building

15

doric

plain

16

ionic

scroll, Greek

17

corinthian

very decorative, acanthus leaves

18

panegyric

a public speech/text in praise of someone/something
-pan: all
-aguris: agora, assembly

19

proemium

-pro'oimion: prelude
-pro: before
-oime: song

20

caryatid

statues of women in place of pillars holding up a building
symbolize servitude, and depict foreign ppl who are made slaves after a war

21

Gigantomachy

Olympians vs. Giants

22

Amazonomachy

Athenians vs. Amazons

23

Centauromachy

Theseus & Lapiths vs. Centaurs

24

Trojanomachy

Sack of Troy