Vocab: Ch 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Ch 1 Deck (17):
1

Paleolithic

old stone age dated 30,000-9000 BCE

2

Mesolithic

middle stone age dated 9000-7000 BCE

3

Neolithic

new stone age dated 8000-2300 BCE

4

Carbon-14 dating

a method of measuring an object’s radioactive half-life to determine its age, pioneered by Willard Libby

5

diagnostics of style

comparison of characteristics between two or more objects or artifacts that are somewhat similar in order to diagnose the style

6

stratum dating

method of dating artifacts based upon dating the organic material contained in the strata associated with those artifacts

7

sympathetic magic

an attempt to understand or exert influence over natural forces by means of a crude cause and effect activity (e.g, to cause fertility, a figure is crafted of a fecund human, typically a female to effect actual childbirth)

8

twisted perspective

a convention of representation in which part of an animal is seen in profile and another part of the same figure frontally

9

relief sculpture

figures projecting from a background of which they are a part

10

Chauvet Cave

location of the presumably oldest known cave paintings, found in the Ardéche region of France and discovered by Jean-Marie Chauvet and his companions December 24, 1994

11

Community of concepts for Paleolithic art

1. overlapping of animals
2. animals in profile and running or standing
3. renderings are naturalistic, despite no handy models to imitate
4. art depicts subsistence animals primarily but not exclusively
5. few humans are depicted
6. shape of a rock may suggest an animal to the creator
7. animals are depicted in twisted perspective

12

Civilization characteristics

1. systemic agriculture
2. government/rule of law
3. formal religion
4. writing
5. measurement/calculation
6. ceramic and metal object production
7. specialized division of labor

13

composite view

like twisted perspective but associated with the human form, mixing frontal and profile perspectives in order to depict body parts in their most recognizable forms. (aka: conceptual representation)

14

cromlech

a ring of monumental stones

15

trabeated

of post and lintel construction

16

henge

megalithic stones arranged in a circle, often surrounded by a ditch

17

trilithon

a megalithic structure consisting of two upright stones and a third across the top as a lintel.