Vocab: Ch 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Ch 12 Deck (24):
1

semi-circular space between the lintel and archivolts of a church’s portal

tympanum

2

bands of molding or voussoirs, often carved, above a tympanum

archivolts

3

wedge-shaped stone that makes up the curved portion of an arch

voussoir

4

center voussoir that sets an arch

keystone

5

side posts of a portal or doorway

jambs

6

supporting center post of a lintel, often carved

trumeau

7

capital ornamented with narrative carvings depicting figures and scenes

historiated capital

8

a slender molded masonry arch that crosses the nave or aisle at a 90-degree angle

transverse rib

9

the intersection at 90 degrees of two barrel vaults, forming a bay

groin vault

10

the space or void below an intersection of two vaults set at 90 degrees to one another

bay

11

vaults constructed of a series of tangential round arches to enclose a space

barrel or tunnel vaults

12

vaults in which a framework of diagonal or transverse ribs reinforce the intersections of the vaulting sections

rib vaults

13

reinforcing molded masonry arch that projects from a surface

rib

14

lighter material that forms a vault’s panels between ribs

webbing

15

a rib vault divided into four panels

quadripartite vault

16

a covered outdoor walkway or a passageway around the apse and choir of a church’s interior

ambulatory

17

chapels that extend perpendicular to the aisles or chevet of a church or cathedral

radiating chapels

18

engaged columns attached to rectangular supports

composite piers

19

upper gallery over the inner aisle flanking the nave of a church

tribune gallery

20

a vault divided into six panels

sexpartite vault

21

a container for a holy relic usually fashioned out of precious materials

reliquary

22

Italian for bell tower

campanile

23

architectural decorative treatment favored in Tuscany consisting of alternating dark and light colored stones

incrustation

24

Italian for cemetery or “holy field”

campo santo