Vocab: Ch 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Ch 3 Deck (14):
1

hieroglyph

Greek word meaning “sacred writing”, refers to Egyptian writing using symbols or pictures

2

recto

“front” side of an object, typically a page or a relief

3

verso

“back” or reverse side of an object, typically a page or a relief

4

mastaba

Arabic word for “bench”, rectangular structure with sloping sides erected over a tomb shaft

5

ashlar

carefully and regularly shaped masonry stones

6

necropolis

Greek for “city of the dead”, refers to cemeteries and burial spaces

7

ka

Egyptian for “life force”

8

ka statue

a statue of the deceased placed in the tomb to serve as an alternate abode for the ka should the mummy fail to survive

9

nemes

pleated cloth headdress worn by pharaohs that covers the head and drapes over the chest

10

yardang

a long, irregular ridge with a sharp crest sited between two round-bottomed troughs carved out by wind erosion in a desert region

11

clerestory

fenestrated level of a building rising above the roofs of adjacent parts

12

sarcophagus

Greek for “flesh eater”, an elaborate coffin

13

Book of the Dead

a scroll containing some 200 spells interred with the mummy to protect the ka in the next life. The title is better translated as “the book of going forth by day”

14

cartouche

an oval with a horizontal line at one end, signaling that the name it contains is royal