Vocab: Ch 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Ch 5 Deck (34):
1

“man ruled” form of government wherein only free males wield power and women, slaves and foreigners are disenfranchised from the political realm

androcracy

2

the key or fret motif common in Greek design; it consists of an ornamental pattern of contiguous straight lines usually joined at right angles

meander

3

a slip of fine white, black, or purplish red clay used to glaze a pot

engobe

4

two handled jar for storing oil or wine

amphora

5

Latin term meaning “fear of empty space”, a design in which no space is left empty of pattern or design elements

horror vacuii

6

Greek for maiden, refers to statuary depicting young women

kore

(plural, korai)

7

style dating to the Orientalizing Period named after the mythical Daedelus, the “skillful one” who supposedly worked in Egypt

Daedelic style

8

Greek for youth, refers to statuary depicting robust male athletes

kouros

(plural, kouroi)

9

the slight to exaggerated smile on the faces of Archaic statuary meant to indicate the subject is alive

Archaic smile

10

“counterpoise” or natural weight shift of the human body as it stands or strides; the disposition of the human figure in which one body part is turned in opposition to another in a chiastic manner

contrapposto

11

Greek for the pairing of opposites; it relates to contrapposto

chiastic

12

full-length woolen garment cinched with a belt worn by Helladic women

peplos

13

lightweight linen garment worn by Ionian women

chiton

14

cloak or mantle worn by women over a chiton

himation

15

the three major architectural styles of temples (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian)

Greek orders

16

Greek for the “high city”

acropolis

17

row of columns that hold up a temple roof

 

peristyle

18

type of temple with a single rows of columns that stand at the temple’s perimeter and support the roof

peripteral

19

level at the top of the steps of a temple upon which rest the columns

stylobate

20

cella or room that held the temple’s cult statue

naos

21

a triple columned porch before the cella

pronaos

22

non-functional decorative pendant porch for balancing the pronaos

opisthodomos

23

subtle swelling of the column around its midpoint to offset the optical illusion that a temple’s façade bows inward

entasis

24

Greek city-states

poleis

25

Greek for a battle with giants

gigantomachy

26

refers to Roman copies in marble of Greek statuary, made to meet the market demand of Romans who prized Greek art

Greco-Roman

27

a portrait bust on a square pillar

herm

28

formula for ideal proportions applied to architecture and figurative artworks that is expressed in the algebraic equation x = 2y + 1, x is greater than y

Golden Section or Golden Mean

29

made of ivory and gold

chryselephantine

30

central design of a stone mosaic

emblema

31

colored glass chips, glazed tile chips, or colored stones cemented to a surface to form an image or pattern

tesserae

(singular, tessera)

32

seating area in Greek and Roman theaters and amphitheaters

 

cavea

33

stage of a classical theater

skene

34

the art and culture of the Greek civilization 323 BCE-30 BCE

Hellenistic