Vocab: Ch 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Ch 7 Deck (19):
1

Latin for ancient Roman wax portraits of deceased ancestors

imagines

2

superrealistic portraiture

veristic

3

Roman architectural device using engaged columns around a cella to give the appearance of a peripteral colonnade

pseudoperipteral

4

center of Roman civic life in a town

forum

5

Roman justice hall

basilica

6

a double theater built by Romans resembling two Greek theaters put together facing each other

amphitheater

7

in a Roman amphitheater, the cloth awning rolled down from atop the cavea to protect spectators from sun or weather elements

velarium

8

seating area in Greek and Roman theaters and amphitheaters

cavea

9

French for “deceives the eye”, it describes painting that is so convincingly realistic it deceives the eye

trompe l’oeil

10

multistory apartment blocks

insulae

(singular: insula)

11

combination of a lower story with a rough textured surface and upper stories textured with a smooth surface on the façade of a Roman building

rustication

12

“eye to the sky”, describes the circular opening at the center of a dome

oculus

13

sunken decorative panels in a ceiling or dome

coffers

14

part of a basilica between the main entrance and the choir or apse

nave

15

choir or chevet, contains or is near the high altar

apse

16

a deep arch or a series of uninterrupted arches covering a space

barrel vault

17

a vault formed by the intersection of two barrel vaults at right angles

groin vault

18

objects placed higher in a composition are to be perceived as further away in the distance from the picture plane

positioning perspective

19

in Christian architecture, an arch that divides the nave from the choir or altar area

chancel arch