Vocab: Ch 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Ch 9 Deck (12):
1

form of government in which a religion or faith has a dominant role

Theocracy

2

a concave, triangular piece of masonry serving as the transition support between a square configuration of walls to the base of a circular dome

pendentive

3

Greek for “image”, a painting of a sacred person that is an object of veneration

icon

4

initial(s) positioned near a figure that identify that figure for the viewer

ligature

5

title for the Virgin Mary, Greek word for “God-bearer” or “Mother of God”

Theotokos

6

destruction of icons that took place during the Iconoclastic Conflict 726-842

iconoclasm

7

large icon-bearing screen separating the sanctuary from the rest of the church upon which icons are hung

iconostasis

8

Early Christian, Byzantine and Middle Ages method of representing meaning through gestures, body attitudes and poses

pantomime

9

title of a type of Christ depicted as the universal ruler and judge of all

Pantokrator

10

an almond-shaped glory or nimbus around Christ or another sacred figure

mandorla

11

Christ’s triumphant salvation of all souls in hell since the beginning of time which took place between His death and resurrection

anastasis (harrowing of hell)

12

List the 18 characteristics of Byzantine art

1. imperial art

2. flat, irrational space

3. use of inverted or reversed perspective and overlapping

4. immaterial bodies clad in draperies treated in a sharply linear style

5. flat, patterned draperies

6. emphasis on pattern

7. dangle-down feet

8. gold background is prevalent

9. use and/or depiction of rich, sumptuous materials

10. avoidance of naturalism as being contrary to expressing what is an entirely spiritual

concept

11. figures pushed to the front of the picture plane

12. faces typically have oversized eyes, thin classical noses, small pursed lips

13. limited cast shadows, if any

14. dispassionate or exaggerated emotionalism conveyed in gestures of unmodeled figures

15. hieratic proportions

16. emphasis on majesty, power—it’s conceptual

17. use of ligatures to label figures’ identities as they often are unrecognizable

18. “The icon aims to convey not the face, but the gaze.” -Sergei Bulgakov