Vocab H8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab H8 Deck (20)
1

aberration

(n.) a departure from what is proper, right, expected, or normal; a lapse from a sound mental state
syn: anomaly

2

ad hoc

(adj.) for this specific purpose; improvised; (adv.) with respect to this

3

bane

(n.) the source or cause of fatal injury, death, destruction, or ruin; death or ruin itself; poison
syn: bete noire

4

bathos

(n.) the intrusion of commonplace or trite material into a context whose tone is lofty or elevated; grossly insincere or exaggerated sentimentality; the lowest phase, nadir; an anticlimax, comedown

5

cantankerous

(adj.) ill-tempered, quarrelsome; difficult to get along or deal with
syn: irascible

6

casuistry

(n.) the determination of right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience by the application of general ethical principles; specious argument

7

de facto

(adj.) actually existing or in effect, although not legally required or sanctioned; (adv.) in reality, actually
syn: de jure

8

depredation

(n.) the act of preying upon or plundering

9

empathy

(n.) a sympathetic understanding of or identification with the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of someone or something else
syn: callousness

10

harbinger

(n.) a forerunner, herald; (v.) to herald the approach of
syn: (v.) presage

11

hedonism

(n.) the belief that the attainment of pleasure is life's chief aim; devotion to or pursuit of pleasure
syn: sybaritism
ant: asceticism

12

lackluster

(adj.) lacking brilliance or vitality; dull
syn: vapid, insipid

13

malcontent

(adj.) disconnected with or in open defiance of prevailing conditions; (n.) such a person

14

mellifluous

(adj.) flowing sweetly or smoothly; honeyed
syn: strident

15

nepotism

(n.) undue favoritism to or excessive patronage of one's relatives

16

pander

(v.) to cater to or provide satisfaction for the low tastes or vices of others; (n.) a person who does this

17

peccadillo

(n.) a minor sin or offense; a trifling fault or shortcoming

18

pièce de résistance

(n.) the principal dish of a meal; the principal event, incident, or item; an outstanding accomplishment

19

remand

(v.) to send or order back; in law, to send back to jail or to a lower court

20

syndrome

(n.) a group of symptoms or signs that collectively characterize or indicate a disease, disorder, abnormality, etc.
syn: ubiqitous