Vocab Junkie - Set 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Junkie - Set 7 Deck (100):
1

Define:

obfuscate
(ob-fuh-skeyt)

v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing, to bewilder

The governor obfuscated the issue with big words and numbers.

2

Define:

encomium
(en-koh-mee-uhm)

n. enthusiastic praise

That country's national anthem is an encomium to the heroes of a war long past.

3

Define:

din
(din)

n. loud sustained noise, confusing or tumultuous sound

During the concert, Jill couldn't hear Rick over the din of the loudspeakers.

4

Define:

alloy
(n. al-oi; v. al-oi)

n. a mixture of superior and inferior ingredients
v. to debase by mixing with something inferior

The heroism one sees nowadays is often alloyed with some degree of self-interest.

5

Define:

pugilism
(pyoo-djuh-liz-uhm)

n. the skill or practice of fighting with fists; boxing

Mike Tyson is known throughout the world for his pugilism.

6

Define:

sanctimony
(sangk-tuh-moh-nee)

n. self-righteousness, pretended piety

His sanctimony was laughable, since we all knew he was one of the worst offenders.

7

Define:

baleful
(beyl-fuhl)

adj. full of sinister influence, pernicious, ominous

The basilisk's baleful glare is lethal.

8

Define:

hallow
(hal-oh)

v. to set apart as holy, to sanctify

The site for the church was hallowed in a special ceremony.

9

Define:

ostensible
(uh-sten-suh-buhl)

adj. apparent
adj. pretended

The oil spill was the ostensible result of lax safety regulations.

10

Define:

sinecure
(sahy-nih-kyoor)

n. a comfortable job requiring little work

Carolyn's position in the office is a sinecure; she does nothing all day yet she draws the same salary as everyone else.

11

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing, to bewilder

obfuscate
(ob-fuh-skeyt)

synonyms: baffle, muddle, confound

12

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. enthusiastic praise

encomium
(en-koh-mee-uhm)

synonyms: tribute, laudation, praise

13

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. loud, sustained noise, confusing or tumultuous sound

din
(din)

synonyms: buzz, clamor, commotion, racket

14

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a mixture of superior and inferior ingredients
v. to debase by mixing with something inferior

alloy
(n. al-oi; v. al-oi)

synonyms: blend, combination; debase, devalue

15

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the skill or practice of fighting with fists; boxing

pugilism
(pyoo-djuh-liz-uhm)

synonyms: battle, sparring, duel

16

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. self-righteousness, pretended piety

sanctimony
(sangk-tuh-moh-nee)

synonyms: smug, hypocritical, preachy

17

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. full of sinister influence, pernicious, ominous

baleful
(beyl-fuhl)

synonyms: menacing, evil

18

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to set apart as holy, to sanctify

hallow
(hal-oh)

synonyms: bless, consecrate

19

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. apparent

ostensible
(uh-sten-suh-buhl)

synonyms: exhibited, likely, manifest

20

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a comfortable job requiring little work

sinecure
(sahy-nih-kyoor)

synonyms: easy work

21

Define:

lackey
(lak-ee)

n. a male servant, servile follower, toady

Lori's boyfriend becomes a lackey during her shopping trips.

22

Define:

redress
(ree-dress)

v. to set right, to remedy
n. compensation or restitution for a wrong

The peaceful petitioning for redress of wrongs is a right enshrined in our country's founding document.

23

Define:

unctuous
(uhngk-choo-uhs)

adj. oily, greasy
adj. characterized by insincere earnestness

The king had the unctuous toady removed from his palace.

24

Define:

arrant
(ar-uhnt)

adj. impudent
adj. thorough, utter, notorious

Though the professor is considered one of the greats of his discipline, lately his lectures have verged on arrant nonsense.

25

Define:

vaunt
(vawnt)

v. to boast or brag about

Chris, though usually very modest, will readily vaunt his achievements in a job interview.

26

Define:

affectation
(af-ek-tey-shuhn)

n. a show or pretense
n. artificial behavior to impress others

That American doctor's affectation of a British accent has drawn much criticism.

27

Define:

philately
(fih-lat-uhl-ee)

n. the study of postage stamps

His grandfather is obsessed with philately and has even made several overseas pen pals in order to study their countries' postage.

28

Define:

canonical
(kuh-non-ih-kuhl)

adj. in agreement with accepted principles
adj. authorized, accepted

The canonical Mozart sonatas were consulted in order to compare them to the newly-discovered manuscript attributed to him.

29

Define:

whit
(wit)

n. the smallest possible part or fraction

The bank robber did not have a whit of self-respect.

30

Define:

epaulet
(ep-uh-let)

n. a shoulder ornament, esp. a strap on military uniforms

The veteran's uniform was adorned by a pair of impressive epaulets.

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a male servant, servile follower, toady

lackey
(lak-ee)

synonyms: servant, butler, subordinate

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to set right, to remedy
n. compensation or restitution for a wrong

redress
(ree-dress)

synonyms: help, compensate; justice

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. oily, greasy
adj. characterized by insincere earnestness

unctuous
(uhngk-choo-uhs)

synonyms: fatty, slick; lying, untruthful

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. impudent
adj. thorough, utter, notorious

arrant
(ar-uhnt)

synonyms: shameless; brazen

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to boast, to brag

vaunt
(vawnt)

synonyms: flaunt, gloat

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a show or pretense
n. artificial behavior to impress others

affectation
(af-ek-tey-shuhn)

synonyms: pretend, artificiality

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the study of postage stamps

philately
(fih-lat-uhl-ee)

synonyms: study of stamps

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. in agreement with accepted principles
adj. authorized, accepted

canonical
(kuh-non-ih-kuhl)

synonyms: orthodox, standard

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the smallest possible part or fraction

whit
(wit)

synonyms: atom, crumb, grain, iota

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a shoulder ornament, esp. a strap on military uniforms

epaulet
(ep-uh-let)

synonyms: military decoration, service stripe

41

Define:

panoply
(pan-uh-plee)

n. a splendid, striking array
n. the complete armory of a warrior
n. a shining protective array

A porcupine's panoply of quills is quite a protective arsenal.

42

Define:

pantheon
(pan-thee-on)

n. a temple dedicated to the gods
n. all the gods of a people
n. a group of famous persons

The Greek pantheon includes Zeus and his consort, Hera.

43

Define:

blandish
(blan-dish)

v. to coax or influence with flattery

Steve blandished her into going out with him.

44

Define:

peremptory
(puh-remp-tuh-ree)

adj. admitting of no contradiction; putting an end to further debate; haughty; imperious

He ended the discussion with a peremptory wave of his hand.

45

Define:

tyro
(tahy-roh)

n. a beginner or novice in any kind of skill

The hapless tyro tripped over the ropes on his way into the boxing ring.

46

Define:

fetid
(fet-id)

adj. malodorous, stinky

The fetid green substance had taken over the entire fridge.

47

Define:

fecundity
(fih-kuhn-dih-tee)

n. fertility, fruitfulness

An artist's period of fecundity can come at any time of her life.

48

Define:

rarefied
(rair-uh-fahyd)

adj. thin, pure, refined

The rarefied air of higher altitudes makes it very difficult to climb Mt. Everest.

49

Define:

delectation
(dee-lek-tey-shuhn)

n. enjoyment

They played wiffleball for the delectation of it, not for the competition.

50

Define:

fickle
(fick-ul)

adj. prone to changing often

Suzanne was a fickle friend who could not be relied upon.

51

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a splendid, striking array
n. the complete armory of a warrior
n. a shining protective array

panoply
(pan-uh-plee)

synonyms: display, arrangement; armaments

52

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a temple dedicated to the gods
n. all the gods of a people
n. a group of famous persons

pantheon
(pan-thee-on)

synonyms: house of worship, sanctuary

53

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to coax or influence with flattery

blandish
(blan-dish)

synonyms: charm, flatter

54

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. admitting of no contradiction; putting an end to further debate; haughty; imperious

peremptory
(puh-remp-tuh-ree)

synonyms: opinionated, absolute, assertive

55

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a beginner or novice in any kind of skill

tyro
(tahy-roh)

synonyms: beginner, rookie

56

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. malodorous, stinky

fetid
(fet-id)

synonyms: corrupt, gross

57

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. fertility, fruitfulness

fecundity
(fih-kuhn-dih-tee)

synonyms: abundance, productivity

58

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. thin, pure, refined

rarefied
(rair-uh-fahyd)

synonyms: thin, refined

59

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. enjoyment

delectation
(dee-lek-tey-shuhn)

synonyms: delight, elation

60

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. prone to changing often

fickle
(fick-ul)

synonyms: inconstant, unpredictable

61

Define:

fidelity
(fih-dell-ih-tee)

n. devotion to obligations or loyalties
n. the accuracy of a reproduced sound or image

Kevin's parents were proud of him for his fidelity to the family business.

62

Define:

fission
(fish-un)

n. the act of separating into parts

The controversial legislation led to the fission of the administration.

63

Define:

flag
(flag)

v. to become tired or weak
v. to droop or limp

The runner's enthusiasm flagged when she realized she still had many miles ahead of her.

64

Define:

florid
(floor-id)

adj. healthy-looking
adj. ornate or flowery

The author's florid prose did not impress the critics, who found her work pretentious.

65

Define:

forbear
(for-bear)

v. to refrain from doing something

Although I know Adam likes to crack jokes, I would have liked him to forbear silliness in such a serious situation.

66

Define:

forestall
(for-stall)

v. to deal with ahead of time; to prevent

The mayor called the police before the protest even began in order to forestall rioting.

67

Define:

quail
(kweyl)

v. to shrink with fear

The puppy quailed at my angry tone.

68

Define:

forthright
(forth-rahyt)

adj. straightforward

One should be forthright and honest with the authorities so as not to seem suspicious.

69

Define:

fortuity
(for-too-ih-tee)

n. an event that happens by chance without a known cause
n. luck

By sheer fortuity, Linda was assigned to the same homeroom as her twin brother.

70

Define:

mince
(minss)

v. to speak carefully; to euphemize

Don't mince words with me; just say what you need to say!

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. devotion to obligations or loyalties
n. the accuracy of a reproduced sound or image

fidelity
(fih-dell-ih-tee)

synonyms: allegiance, faith

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the act of separating into parts

fission
(fish-un)

synonyms: division, severance, parting

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to become tired or weak
v. to droop or limp

flag
(flag)

synonyms: droop, fade, wane, weaken

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. healthy-looking
adj. ornate or flowery

florid
(floor-id)

synonyms: pretty, fancy; extravagant, ornamental

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to refrain from doing something

forbear
(for-bear)

synonyms: avoid, constrain, forgo

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deal with ahead of time; to prevent

forestall
(for-stall)

synonyms: intercept, anticipate, prevent

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to shrink with fear

quail
(kweyl)

synonyms: recoil, cower

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. straightforward

forthright
(forth-rahyt)

synonyms: honest, frank

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an event that happens by chance without a known cause
n. luck

fortuity
(for-too-ih-tee)

synonyms: accident; good fortune

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to speak carefully; to euphemize

mince
(minss)

synonyms: soften, tone down

81

Define:

visceral
(viss-er-uhl)

adj. felt in one's stomach
adj. emotional, rather than intellectual

Jeb's visceral response to his mother's racist ramblings was visible to all of us.

82

Define:

refectory
(rih-fek-tuh-ree)

n. a room or dining area where meals are served

The students milled about the entrance to the refectory, counting down the seconds until supper would be served.

83

Define:

frenetic
(fruh-net-ik)

adj. frenzied or frantic

Frenetic screams filled the room as people tried to get out before the fire spread.

84

Define:

infinitesimal
(in-fin-ih-tess-uh-muhl)

adj. immeasurably small

The proportion of truly selfless people in this world is surely infinitesimal .

85

Define:

sanguine
(sang-gwin)

adj. cheerfully optimistic

Samantha had a sanguine attitude towards life that enriched those around her.

86

Define:

furtive
(fur-tiv)

adj. secretive, sly

At the party, Julia cast furtive glances around the room to make sure her older sister was not around to send her back home.

87

Define:

calumny
(kal-uhm-nee)

n. a false statement; slander, aspersion

The desperate candidate abandoned reasoned arguments and resorted to calumnies against the front-runner.

88

Define:

quotidian
(kwoh-tid-ee-uhn)

adj. everyday, commonplace, habitual

Joe's small, quotidian pleasures seemed more substantial than Mattias's high-profile jet-setting.

89

Define:

salacious
(suh-ley-shuhs)

adj. causing sexual desire, bawdy

Many parents were unhappy with the magazine's salacious material.

90

Define:

importune
(im-pour-chewn)

v. to beg persistently

Kate importuned her father every day to teach her how to sail.

91

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. felt in one's stomach
adj. emotional, rather than intellectual

visceral
(viss-er-uhl)

synonyms: habitual, instinctive, inherent; affective

92

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a room or dining area where meals are served

refectory
(rih-fek-tuh-ree)

synonyms: chamber, dining hall

93

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. frenzied or frantic

frenetic
(fruh-net-ik)

synonyms: anxious, hysterical, rattled

94

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. immeasurably small

infinitesimal
(in-fin-ih-tess-uh-muhl)

synonyms: little, microscopic

95

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. cheerfully optimistic

sanguine
(sang-gwin)

synonyms: happy, cheerful

96

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. secretive, sly

furtive
(fur-tiv)

synonyms: sneaky, stealthy

97

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a false statement; slander, aspersion

calumny
(kal-uhm-nee)

synonyms: misrepresentations, slanderous

98

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. everyday, commonplace, habitual

quotidian
(kwoh-tid-ee-uhn)

synonyms: ordinary, trivial

99

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. causing sexual desire, bawdy

salacious
(suh-ley-shuhs)

synonyms: erotic, lecherous, raunchy

100

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to beg persistently

importune
(im-pour-chewn)

synonyms: demand, appeal