Vocab Quiz #4 (A: Thursday 3/19, B: Monday 3/23) Flashcards Preview

US History (SC EOC) > Vocab Quiz #4 (A: Thursday 3/19, B: Monday 3/23) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Quiz #4 (A: Thursday 3/19, B: Monday 3/23) Deck (30):
1

English document that greatly limited the power of the King

Magna Carta

2

The belief that God wanted the US to control all land between the Atlantic and the Pacific

Manifest Destiny

3

Supreme Court decision that gave the power of judicial review to the Court

Marbury v. Madison

4

When Sherman marched Union troops from Atlanta to Savannah and destroyed everything in his way

March to the Sea

5

Agreement signed by the Pilgrims that they would submit to the government

Mayflower Compact

6

Term for the land added to the US after the Mexican-American War

Mexican Cession (land added to US)

7

Agreement that allowed Missouri into the US as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and drew the 36 30 line to divide free/slave territory

Missouri Compromise

8

The concept that Europe should no longer colonize or interfere with the Western hemisphere

Monroe Doctrine

9

Slave who led a violent and bloody uprising - his revolt caused the south to crack down on priveliges for slaves

Nat Turner

10

Hamilton and Jefferson disagreed about whether or not the US Constitution allowed the government to create this

National Bank

11

Proposal at the Constitutional Convention that would have given all states an equal number of representatives

New Jersey Plan

12

River that Mexico claimed was the southern border of Texas

Nueces River

13

Southern states claimed that they could ignore federal laws they disagreed with. This was called __________.

Nullification

14

Law that gave land to the railroads as long as they used it to build a transcontinental railroad.

Pacific Railway Act

15

Southern term for slavery

Peculiar Institution

16

Final battle of the Civil War

Petersburg

17

Case where the Supreme Court declared Jim Crow laws to be legal

Plessy v. Ferguson

18

Organizations that set up political officials and secured votes for them (often from immigrants)

Political Machines

19

Another term for a voting fee

Poll Taxes

20

Political movement in the late 1800's that represented farmers.

Populists

21

Political movement that called for greater government involvement in society to fix issues like poverty and sanitation.

Progressives

22

Religious movement found primarily in colonial New England

Puritans

23

Religious group that believed all people have an "inner light" - As a result, they were some of the first abolitionists

Quakers

24

Republicans after the Civil War who wanted to treat the South like conqured territory & punish them for wrongdoing

Radical Republicans

25

The process of recognizing a law or a Constitution as binding

Ratification

26

Period of time after the Civil War when the South was gradually readmitted to the Union

Reconstruction

27

Political party formed from a combination of former northern Democrats and the Liberty Party - they nominated Lincoln in 1860

Republican Party

28

River that the US claimed was the southern boundary of Texas

Rio Grande River

29

Founder of Standard Oil - Often called a "Robber Baron" or "Captain of Industry"

Rockefeller

30

Belief that even rulers must obey the law

Rule of Law