Vocab: Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab: Test 2 Deck (41):
1

“man ruled” form of government wherein only free males wield power and women, slaves and foreigners are disenfranchised from the political realm

androcracy

1

a portrait bust on a square pillar

herm

2

subtle swelling of the column around its midpoint to offset the optical illusion that a temple’s façade bows inward

entasis

2

Greek for a battle with giants

gigantomachy

2

the art and culture of the Greek civilization 323 BCE-30 BCE

Hellenistic

3

level at the top of the steps of a temple upon which rest the columns

stylobate

4

bowl used for mixing water and wine

krater

5

Greek for the pairing of opposites; it relates to contrapposto

chiastic

6

“counterpoise” or natural weight shift of the human body as it stands or strides; the disposition of the human figure in which one body part is turned in opposition to another in a chiastic manner

contrapposto

6

cella or room that held the temple’s cult statue

naos

8

metalworking relief technique wherein the design is tapped or pushed out from the back of a flat plate of metal such as gold

repoussé

8

colored glass chips, glazed tile chips, or colored stones cemented to a surface to form an image or pattern

tesserae

(singular, tessera)

9

a rectangular reception hall

megaron

10

type of temple with a single rows of columns that stand at the temple’s perimeter and support the roof

peripteral

12

technique wherein water-based pigment is applied to a wet, uncured plaster wall so that the paint becomes integrated with the plaster when it cures (dries)

true fresco

13

seating area in Greek and Roman theaters and amphitheaters

 

cavea

14

stage of a classical theater

skene

16

full-length woolen garment cinched with a belt worn by Helladic women

peplos

17

a triple columned porch before the cella

pronaos

18

Greek for youth, refers to statuary depicting robust male athletes

kouros

(plural, kouroi)

19

lightweight linen garment worn by Ionian women

chiton

19

formula for ideal proportions applied to architecture and figurative artworks that is expressed in the algebraic equation x = 2y + 1, x is greater than y

Golden Section or Golden Mean

19

made of ivory and gold

chryselephantine

21

a slip of fine white, black, or purplish red clay used to glaze a pot

engobe

23

the three major architectural styles of temples (Doric, Ionic, Corinthian)

Greek orders

24

Greek city-states

poleis

25

ancient name for Greece, thus Helladic art refers to the art of ancient Greece

Hellas

26

beehive shaped tomb found in Mycenae

tholos

28

the key or fret motif common in Greek design; it consists of an ornamental pattern of contiguous straight lines usually joined at right angles

meander

29

refers to Roman copies in marble of Greek statuary, made to meet the market demand of Romans who prized Greek art

Greco-Roman

30

two handled jar for storing oil or wine

amphora

31

Greek for maiden, refers to statuary depicting young women

kore

(plural, korai)

32

Greek for the “high city”

acropolis

33

style dating to the Orientalizing Period named after the mythical Daedelus, the “skillful one” who supposedly worked in Egypt

Daedelic style

34

central design of a stone mosaic

emblema

35

row of columns that hold up a temple roof

 

peristyle

36

Latin term meaning “fear of empty space”, a design in which no space is left empty of pattern or design elements

horror vacuii

37

the slight to exaggerated smile on the faces of Archaic statuary meant to indicate the subject is alive

Archaic smile

39

glazed earthenware

faience

40

non-functional decorative pendant porch for balancing the pronaos

opisthodomos

41

cloak or mantle worn by women over a chiton

himation