Vocab Unit 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Unit 5 Deck (42):
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N. The wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure
V. To waste away

Atrophy

1

Ex. The ________ of the downtown business district began when 2 malls opened.

Atrophy

2

Ex. The patients muscles have ________

Atrophied

3

Syn: n. Degeneration, deterioration (v) wither

Atrophy

4

Ant: n. Growth, development; (v) mature

Atrophy

5

N. A fortified place, stronghold

Bastion

6

Ex. Contrary to popular belief, the military is not always a ______ of political conservatism

Bastion

7

Syn: citadel, rampart, bulwark

Bastion

8

Adj. Complete or perfect in the highest degree
V. To bring to a state of completion or perfection

Consummate

9

Ex. Michaelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine chapel in the Vatican are works of ________ artistry.

Consummate

10

Ex. The lawyers could not _______ the settlement until the parties met face to face.

Consummate

11

Syn: adj. Masterful (v) clinch, conclude

Consummate

12

Ant: v. Launch, initiate, begin, kick off

Consummate

13

N. Disorder, confusion
V. To throw into disorder

Disarray

14

Ex. If you leave the window open, a breeze may ______ the papers

Disarray

15

Ex. The burgled apartment was in a state of ______

Disarray

16

Syn: n. Disorganization
Syn v. Dishevel, mess up

Disarray

17

Ant n. Organization, order, tidiness

Disarray

18

N. Floating debris, homeless, impoverished people

Flotsam

19

Ex. After the 2 ships collided, the survivors clung to various pieces of _________ and hoped for rescue

Flotsam

20

Syn. Floating wreckage

Flotsam

21

V. To gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain

Glean

22

Ex. By means of painstaking investigation, the detectives will eventually ______ the truth

Glean

23

Syn. Collect, cull, pick up

Glean

24

V. To imprison, jail, confine

Incarcerate

25

Ex. They will _____ the convicted felon at the state prison

Incarcerate

26

Syn. Intern

Incarcerate

27

Adj. Obligatory, required
N. One who holds a specific office at the time spoken of

Incumbent

28

Ex. Voting on Election Day is a duty ______ on all Americans who value a democratic government

Incumbent

29

Ex. The _____ has the advantage when standing for reelection but does not have a guarantee of victory

Incumbent

30

Syn. Adj. Mandatory

Incumbent

31

Ant adj. Optional, unnecessary

Incumbent

32

Adj. Humorous, jesting, jolly, joking

Jocular

33

Ex. After receiving the news that she was ahead in the polls, the candidate was in a ______ mood

Jocular

34

Adj. Ridiculous, laughable, absurd

Ludicrous

35

Ex. Her comment was so _______ that we finally understood that she was joking

Ludicrous

36

Syn. Preposterous

Ludicrous

37

Ant. Liberate, release, free

Incarcerate

38

Ant. Adj. Optional, unnecessary

Incumbent

39

Syn. Waggish, facetious, droll, witty

Jocular

40

Ant. Humorless, solemn, grave, grim

Jocular

41

Ant. Heartrending, poignant, pathetic

Ludicrous