Vocab Words Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab Words Chapter 7 Deck (16):
1

What does plateau mean?

a large raised area of mostly level land

2

pre-Columbian?

referring to the time in the Americas before Columbus arrived saline: salty; consisting of salt

3

ecological zone:

a physical area with specific traits of climate, soil, altitude, and so on that determine its particular plants and animals

4

semi-nomadic:

partially settled and partially moving around

5

incentive:

a motivation

6

codex:

an ancient manuscript in book form

7

destiny:

all that is supposedly predetermined to happen to someone or something in spite of all efforts to change or prevent it

8

incarnation:

a deity or spirit taking a physical form

9

conquistador:

one who conquers; specifically, a leader in the Spanish conquest of America and especially of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century

10

epoch:

a period of history marked by notable events

11

altepetl:

a Meso-American city-state

12

militarism:

the tendency, belief, or policy that a country should maintain a strong military force and be prepared to use it to advance national interests

13

tribute:

money and goods demanded on an ongoing basis

14

garrison:

the troops assigned to a military post

15

obsidian:

a dark natural glass formed by the cooling of molten lava, used to create razor-sharp knives

16

oral tradition:

the passing of cultural knowledge, beliefs, and stories to the next generation through speaking rather than writing; notably used by First Nations, Métis, and Inuit societies of the
Americas. The oral tradition was also the key method of passing on cultural knowledge in early Asian, European, African, and Australian societies.