Flashcards in Vocabular T, U, V, W Deck (64):
A brown or black band of discolored sclera of the eye. Created by the postmortem drying of the sclera by the air.
Minute petechial hemorrhages caused by the rupture of minute vessels as blood settles into the dependent areas of organs and tissues; it is accompanied by livor mortis. A postmortem, extravascular blood discoloration.
- Most common in asphyxial or slow deaths.
Chemicals which will affect adversely certain organs.
Target Organ Effects
The science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition.
An agent which can cause non-inheritable mutations in offspring.
Institution of disinfection and decontamination measures after the preparation of the remains.
Any procedure used to prove a sign of death.
Tests of Death
Study of death
Destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues; seared, charred.
Third Degree Burns
The property of certain cells of becoming fluid when shaken, and then becoming solid again.
Preparation room equipment used to pass a ligature underneath a raised vessel.
The formation or presence of an attached blood clot.
A buzzing or ringing in the ears.
A substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level by hypodermic injection.
A general term. The solidification of a solid into a gelatinous mass.
- Aggutination is a specific form of this.
Postmortem accumulation of gas in tissues or cavities brought about by an anaerobic gas forming bacillus.
- Clostridium perfringens
Threshold Limit Value
The yellowing/browning of the finger nails and fingers from excessive use of cigarettes, a surface discoloration.
Disinfection of the surface of the body or an object.
Blood clot which forms when the blood plasma passes through the capillary walls and leaves the blood cells behind.
Tough Dry Clots (White Fibrin Clot)
The presence of toxins in the blood.
A poisonous substance of plant, animal, bacterial, or fungal origin.
An agonal or postmortem redistribution of host microflora on a host-wide basis.
The grafting of living tissue from its normal position to another site, or of an organ or tissue from one person to another.
Lying at right angles to the long axis of the body.
A vascular incision made at 90 degrees to the long axis of the vessel.
A vascular incision which is made by cutting a small triangular wedge from the wall of a vessel.
Triangular Incision (Wedge Incision)
Sharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid.
- May also be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming.
A plastic threaded screw like device for sealing punctures and small round trocar openings.
Preparation room equipment used to insert trocar buttons into trocar punctures created when the trocar is inserted into the body.
Trocar Button Applicator
A line drawn or visualized on the surface of the body or a prominent anatomic structure used to locate internal structures during cavity embalming, from a point of reference two inches to the left of and two inches superior the umbilicus.
Homogeneous mixtures of two or more substances able to pass through a semi-permeable membrane.
- The size of the solute particles is less than one nanometer.
A vascular incision created by making a short transverse incision at a right angle to the long axis of the vessel; then with the point of the scissors inserted into the original opening, a second incision is made parallel to the long axis of the vessel.
T- Shaped Incision
Capable of inducing growth of a tumor.
A covering or layer.
In liquids, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, not clear or transparent.
An evaluation of exposures that are time-weighted over an established period.
- It allows the exposure levels to be averaged generally over an eight-hour time period.
Time- Weighted Average (TWA)
An open sore or lesion of skin or mucous membrane accompanied by sloughing of inflamed necrotic tissue.
Plastic garment designed to cover the entire body from the neck down to and including the feet.
An approach to infection control. According to the concept of these, all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious.
A toxic condition caused by retention in the blood of waste products normally excreted in the urine.
An embalming instrument used to cut tissue and ligature.
Apparatus that prevents the back-siphoning of contaminated liquids into potable water supply lines or plumbing cross-connections within the preparation room.
Specially designed tubing which attaches to the outlet of gravity percolator.
"Father of Bacteriology." he made his own microscopes which were superior to any of that time. He gave the first complete account of the red blood cell. He demonstrated the capillary connections between arteries and veins. "Father of Microbiology." (Dutch)
Van Leeuwenhoek, Anthony (1632-1723)
A drug resistant bacterium found in feces and open wounds. It can also be found associated with nasogastric tubes often in patients who have had long hospitalization.
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
Staphylococcus aureus pathogens that have become resistant to the drugs methicillin and vancomycin.
Vancomycin- Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA)
The use of the blood vascular system of the body for temporary preservation, disinfection and restoration; accomplished through injection of embalming solutions into the arteries and drainage from the veins.
Vascular (arterial) Embalming.
Liquids that serve as a solvent for the numerous ingredients that are incorporated into embalming fluids.
Located toward the front of the body.
A narrow, worm-shaped tube connected to the cecum.
Dizziness characterized by a sensation of whirling movement.
Blister-like elevation of skin containing serous fluid.
Internal organs enclosed within a cavity.
The resistance to the flow of a liquid; the thickness of a liquid.
An agent used to remove chemical constituents from municipal water supplies that could interfere with drainage and preservation.
Preparation room equipment at which is a complete water system containing a hydro aspirator, water outlet, goose neck filler for the embalming machine, and a snap on hose.
Water Control Unit
Quality of water containing certain substances, especially soluble salts of calcium and magnesium.
Injection of arterial solution composed of a preservative embalming fluid which is diluted with supplemental chemicals such as humectants, water conditioners, and co-injections.
A condition resulting from the use of an embalming solution containing an insufficient amount of preservative to meet the preservation demand of the tissues
- The interstitial spaces are overly filled, engorged with water.
Chemical that reduces the molecular cohesion of a liquid so it can flow through a smaller aperture.
Wetting agent (surfactant)
The line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of each mucous membrane.
Controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed.
- Prohibiting recapping of needles
-Not allowing blood splatter or aerosolization of blood while draining during the embalming process.
Work Practice controls